Selma, Alabama
Download
1 / 18

Selma, Alabama and the Right to Vote - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 378 Views
  • Uploaded on

Selma, Alabama and the Right to Vote. 1965 Martin Luther King decided to launch a protest march about the Blacks right to vote in Selma, Alabama. WHY? He believe the right to vote without fear or difficulty was vital if civil rights were to be won

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Selma, Alabama and the Right to Vote' - keena


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Selma, Alabama

and the Right to Vote


1965 Martin Luther King decided to launch a protest march about the Blacks right to vote in Selma, Alabama

WHY?

  • He believe the right to vote without fear or difficulty was vital if civil rights were to be won

  • Voter registration qualifications in the South often made it impossible for Blacks to vote


Why was voting so important
Why was voting so important? about the Blacks

  • Without the vote Black citizens had no voice

  • Black politicians could be elected if Blacks could vote

  • If Black politicians were elected they could help to make improvements for Blacks


Why was 1965 a good time to act
Why was 1965 a good time to act? about the Blacks

  • Martin Luther King had just been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights work

    • An international award only given to very special people

  • He was now world famous and could use his fame to push for more civil rights


Why did mlk chose selma alabama for the protest
Why did MLK chose about the Blacks Selma, Alabama for the protest?

  • Alabama – state with greatest resistance to civil rights

  • Selma - only 325 out of 15,000 blacks registered to vote

  • Blacks who tried to register to vote were prevented

  • Jan – Feb 1965 protests in Selma led to the shooting of one Black protestor

  • Governor of Alabama, George Wallace promised ‘Segregation forever!’


Martin luther king is arrested
Martin Luther King is arrested… about the Blacks

  • 1 Feb 1965 MLK deliberately got himself arrested

  • His arrest was planned as a publicity stunt


Martin Luther King is arrested… about the Blacks

  • WHY?

  • March in Selma was planned for a month later

  • Shortly after winning the Nobel Peace Prize so MLK’s arrest would be big news


The march begins
The march begins… about the Blacks

  • Took place 7 March 1965 – aim was to march from Selma to Birmingham


The march begins… about the Blacks

  • Took place 7 March 1965 – aim was to march from Selma to Birmingham

  • 600 marchers crossed a bridge on outskirts of Selma


The march begins… about the Blacks

  • Met by 200 state troopers and local police on horseback armed with tear gas, sticks and bull whips


The march begins… about the Blacks

  • The marchers were ordered to turn back

  • When they refused they were attacked by the law enforcers


The march begins… about the Blacks

  • Marchers were beaten, whipped, trampled on by horses and tear gas was used

  • 17 marchers were hospitalised


The chief function of the Civil Rights movement has been to awaken the nation’s conscience. Hundreds of people dropped whatever they were doing, some would leave home without changing clothes, would borrow money, hitch-hike, board planes, buses and trains, travel thousands of miles with no luggage; all these people would move for a single purpose: to place themselves alongside the Negroes they had watched on television.

George Leonard, US Journalist who watched the events of ‘Bloody Sunday’


The us army protects the march
The US army protects the march… about the Blacks

  • March 21, the march began again

  • This time US troops protected the marchers

  • They reached Birmingham March 25

  • However, on the same day the KKK shot and killed one of the marchers


Result of the March about the Blacks

  • Aug 1965 Congress passed the Voting Rights Act

  • This act removed various barriers to voting registrations

    • E.g. literacy tests and checks on poll tax


How successful was the voting rights act
How successful was the voting rights act? about the Blacks

  • Within 3 years most of the Black population of the south were registered to vote

  • White politicians now needed Black votes to stay in power

  • Some Blacks saw an opportunity to became politicians themselves



ad