Rationalism. Ali Pinkerton. Rationalism- (Latin- ratio , reason) -a theory of knowledge -Ideas and concepts are INDEPENDENT of experience/emotion -Truth is discovered through ONLY reason -Ball example. Definition. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvlnG1923bs.
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(Latin- ratio, reason)
-a theory of knowledge
-Ideas and concepts are INDEPENDENT of experience/emotion
-Truth is discovered through ONLY reason
- geocentric universe, etc.
(1543) Copernicus- heliocentric universe
(1572) Brahe- stars not stationary/unchanging
(1609) Kepler- laws of planetary motion
(1638) Galileo- Math. Discourse, X Aristotle
(1687) Newton- Principia, gravity
Applied proofs to philosophy, e.g. to prove existence of God.
“Prior to” (before experience)
self-evident truths, definitions
4+3= 7, parents have children
ideas people have from birth
can exist without proof
Descartes- “God exists.”
must exist because it could not be otherwise
To walk, you must have legs.
Contrast with empirical necessity (study to pass test)
Not all things are either possible or impossible. (God exists.)
Abstract ideas do not always yield actual truths. (island example)
-Rational mindset (justifies killing woman, using “paces”)
-Monologues resemble geometric proofs
-“The old woman was only an illness… I was in a hurry to overstep… I didn’t kill a human being, but a principle! I killed the principle, but I didn’t overstep, I stopped on this side… I was only capable of killing.” (275)
-Part I, Chapter II: rationalizing and making justification for his drinking
- By looking at facts and not experience (how his drinking affects his family) he can eschew the problem.
- “I try to find sympathy and feeling in drink. I drink so that I may suffer twice as much.” (14)
- Many say C&P is his criticism of rationalism
- Showing bad fates of characters whose philosophies and behaviors are based in rationalism.