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Notes 5.01 Children: Areas of Development. Teen Living Mrs. Wilson. Sequential and Individual. Development is Sequential: development happens in the same order in most children. Most children crawl before they walk. Individual: development may occur at different times in children.

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Notes 5 01 children areas of development

Notes 5.01Children: Areas of Development

Teen Living

Mrs. Wilson


Sequential and individual
Sequential and Individual

  • Development is

    • Sequential: development happens in the same order in most children.

      • Most children crawl before they walk.

    • Individual: development may occur at different times in children.

      • Some children start walking at 11 months, some may not start until 14 months.


Main stages of development
Main Stages of Development

  • Infancy: birth to one year

  • Toddler: one to three years

  • Preschool: three to five years

  • School age: five to ten years


Physical development
Physical Development

  • Large Motor Skills: activities that use large muscles in the body.

    • Running, Jumping, Climbing, Walking

  • Small Motor Skills: activities that use the small muscles in the hands and fingers.

    • Stringing beads, Video games, Puzzles, Dressing doll

  • Reflexes: automatic, involuntary responses.

  • Hand-Eye Coordination: seeing something and being able to do something with it.


Intellectual
Intellectual

  • Language: crying, cooing, babbling, talking, singing, writing.

  • Object Permanence: learning that hidden objects are “still there” not gone forever.

  • Ways of Learning

    • Modeling

    • Asking Questions

    • Experiences


Emotional
Emotional

  • Develop trust and security during infancy through caregivers.

  • Learn self-esteem through praise and positive experiences.

  • Learn unconditional love from caregivers.

    • They realize that they will be loved regardless of what they do.


Social and moral
Social and Moral

  • Learn interpersonal skills through socialization.

  • Learn right from wrong.

  • Taught best by example and role modeling.

  • Learn best from consistency.

    • Doing the same thing each time a rule is broken; keeping schedules the same.


What happens when development is interrupted
What happens when development is interrupted?

  • Special Needs Children

    • Physical Disabilities

    • Mental Disabilities

    • Learning Disabilities

    • Emotional Disabilities

    • Gifted Children

  • Inclusion: the practice of placing children who have disabilities and those who do not together in classrooms for all or part of the day.


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