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Sentence Pattern #20. Open with a present GERUND A gerund is a verbal – a word that used to be a verb , but now is something else… like a noun or an adjective. A Participle is also a verbal – it used to be a verb, but now is an adjective. The sleeping dog had a puppy dream.

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sentence pattern 20
Sentence Pattern #20
  • Open with a present GERUND
  • A gerund is a verbal – a word that used to be a verb, but now is something else… like a noun or an adjective.
  • A Participle is also a verbal – it used to be a verb, but now is an adjective.
    • The sleeping dog had a puppy dream.
    • The wrapped candy was expensive.
gerunds act as nouns ing
Gerunds – act as nouns - ING
  • Gerunds ALWAYS end in –ing.
    • Sleeping, walking, running, talking, dying, painting, writing, flying, burning, kissing
  • Gerunds MUST act as NOUNS
    • Subject, Direct Object, Object of Preposition, Predicate Noun (follows a “to be” verb)
how to open with a gerund
How to Open with a Gerund
  • Combine with an adverb
    • Driving dangerously can be criminal.
  • Combine with a Prepositional Phrase
    • Writing in my journal is relaxing.
  • Take an object after the verb
    • Saying goodbye to my mom gave me a feeling of sadness.
slide4
With an adverb
    • Dancing romantically can be thrilling.
  • With a PP
    • Dancing with a short person can present some problems.
  • Taking an object
    • Dancing at a competition gives me confidence.
homework due monday
Homework – due Monday
  • 5 sentences using SP 20 (Present Gerund opener)
  • List all 20 Sentence Patterns
    • Strong Active Verb
    • Question
    • Exclamation
    • Adverb Opener
    • Prep Phrase Opener
    • Verb Precedes Subject

Be ready for a W4P quiz on Friday on SP 20 and all the SPs!!!!!!

sp 21 open with a perfect gerund
SP #21 – Open with a Perfect Gerund
  • Gerunds always end in –ing.
  • Perfect gerund: having + 3rd principle part (looks like the past tense, usually)
  • Three ways to use SP 21
    • Combine with adverb
      • Having shrieked loudly, the bird woke up the house.
    • Combine with a Prepositional Phrase
      • Having come (to the party), I met my new boyfriend.
    • Take objects
      • Having kissed Simon, the singer thought she was safe from elimination.
sp 21 homework due block
SP 21 Homework – due Block
  • 5 Sentences using SP 21
  • 5 Sentences using SP 20
  • 1 Stage 5 Powergraph, with a conclusion (so 6 sentences) in which you use SP 18, 19 (& #7), 20, & 21.
  • TOPIC – Two qualities that make (your Greek God/…) an interesting character.
powergraph odysseus 18 19 7 20 21
Powergraph – Odysseus18, 19 (& #7), 20, 21
  • Exclaimed the student, “Odysseus is a great hero for two main reasons.”
  • One reason he is heroic is he protects his crew of men.
  • Having saved his crew from the Lotus Eaters, Odysseus showed his commitment to protect his men.
  • Cleverness Odysseus possesses, which makes him a smart character.
  • Outsmarting the Trojans proves how intelligent he is.
  • Finally, Odysseus is both protective and clever, both of which make him a good epic hero.

#19 & #7

#21

#18

#20

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