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Sentence Pattern #20. Open with a present GERUND A gerund is a verbal – a word that used to be a verb , but now is something else… like a noun or an adjective. A Participle is also a verbal – it used to be a verb, but now is an adjective. The sleeping dog had a puppy dream.

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Sentence pattern 20
Sentence Pattern #20

  • Open with a present GERUND

  • A gerund is a verbal – a word that used to be a verb, but now is something else… like a noun or an adjective.

  • A Participle is also a verbal – it used to be a verb, but now is an adjective.

    • The sleeping dog had a puppy dream.

    • The wrapped candy was expensive.


Gerunds act as nouns ing
Gerunds – act as nouns - ING

  • Gerunds ALWAYS end in –ing.

    • Sleeping, walking, running, talking, dying, painting, writing, flying, burning, kissing

  • Gerunds MUST act as NOUNS

    • Subject, Direct Object, Object of Preposition, Predicate Noun (follows a “to be” verb)


How to open with a gerund
How to Open with a Gerund

  • Combine with an adverb

    • Driving dangerously can be criminal.

  • Combine with a Prepositional Phrase

    • Writing in my journal is relaxing.

  • Take an object after the verb

    • Saying goodbye to my mom gave me a feeling of sadness.


  • With an adverb

    • Dancing romantically can be thrilling.

  • With a PP

    • Dancing with a short person can present some problems.

  • Taking an object

    • Dancing at a competition gives me confidence.


Homework due monday
Homework – due Monday

  • 5 sentences using SP 20 (Present Gerund opener)

  • List all 20 Sentence Patterns

    • Strong Active Verb

    • Question

    • Exclamation

    • Adverb Opener

    • Prep Phrase Opener

    • Verb Precedes Subject

Be ready for a W4P quiz on Friday on SP 20 and all the SPs!!!!!!


Sp 21 open with a perfect gerund
SP #21 – Open with a Perfect Gerund

  • Gerunds always end in –ing.

  • Perfect gerund: having + 3rd principle part (looks like the past tense, usually)

  • Three ways to use SP 21

    • Combine with adverb

      • Having shrieked loudly, the bird woke up the house.

    • Combine with a Prepositional Phrase

      • Having come (to the party), I met my new boyfriend.

    • Take objects

      • Having kissed Simon, the singer thought she was safe from elimination.


Sp 21 homework due block
SP 21 Homework – due Block

  • 5 Sentences using SP 21

  • 5 Sentences using SP 20

  • 1 Stage 5 Powergraph, with a conclusion (so 6 sentences) in which you use SP 18, 19 (& #7), 20, & 21.

  • TOPIC – Two qualities that make (your Greek God/…) an interesting character.


Powergraph odysseus 18 19 7 20 21
Powergraph – Odysseus18, 19 (& #7), 20, 21

  • Exclaimed the student, “Odysseus is a great hero for two main reasons.”

  • One reason he is heroic is he protects his crew of men.

  • Having saved his crew from the Lotus Eaters, Odysseus showed his commitment to protect his men.

  • Cleverness Odysseus possesses, which makes him a smart character.

  • Outsmarting the Trojans proves how intelligent he is.

  • Finally, Odysseus is both protective and clever, both of which make him a good epic hero.

#19 & #7

#21

#18

#20


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