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NOTATION. -The system for showing pitch and duration-. In other words…. How to draw notes!!. Notes Rests. Whole note: open circle: 4 beats Half note: open circle w/ stem: 2 beats Quarter note: closed circle w/ stem: 1 beat Eighth note: quarter note w/ flag: ½ beat

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Notation

NOTATION

-The system for showing pitch and duration-


In other words
In other words…

How to draw notes!!

NotesRests

  • Whole note: open circle: 4 beats

  • Half note: open circle w/ stem: 2 beats

  • Quarter note: closed circle w/ stem: 1 beat

  • Eighth note: quarter note w/ flag: ½ beat

  • Sixteenth note: quarter note w/ double flag: ¼ beat

  • Whole rest: upside down hat: 4 beats

  • Half rest: top hat: 2 beats

  • Quarter rest: lightening bolt ~3: 1 beat

  • Eighth rest: 7: ½ beat

  • Sixteenth rest: fancy 7: ¼ beat



Accidentals
Accidentals!!

Double Flat

Double Sharp

Flat

Natural

Sharp

  • Double Flats are used to lower the pitch of the intended note two half steps

  • Flats are used to lower the pitch of the intended note one half step

  • Double Sharps are used to raise the pitch of the intended note two half steps

  • Sharps are used to raise the pitch of the intended note one half step

  • The natural sign is used to negate a previous indication of a lowered or raised note (key signature)


Enharmonic
Enharmonic!!

-Tones that have the same pitch but different letter names!!

For example, F# is equivalent to Gb, B# is equivalent to C, etc.

both=

&


The tie and the dot
The Tie and the Dot!!

Dot

-Lengthens a note by half it’s value, an additional dot adds half the amount of the first dot!!!

Tie

-Connects two adjacent motes that are the same pitch into a single sound!!!


Dynamics
Dynamics!!

~General volume or level of intensity!!!!!!!!!

  • pp

  • p

  • mp

  • mf

  • f

  • ff

Sfz- a sudden accent on a note or chord

Crescendo- gradually get louder

Decrescendo- gradually get softer



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