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Tuesday, November 27 th. Topic: Romantic & Gothic Lit Level: Applying and Synthesizing . Agenda: Romantic & Gothic Lit Edgar Allen Poe Quick Write! Allegory. A/A: C-Notes Quick Write . Romanticism

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Tuesday, November 27th

Topic: Romantic & Gothic Lit

Level: Applying and Synthesizing

  • Agenda:

  • Romantic & Gothic Lit

  • Edgar Allen Poe

  • Quick Write!

  • Allegory

  • A/A:

  • C-Notes

  • Quick Write


Romanticism

A period in American literature that began in 1800 (or so) and lasted until 1860. Emphasized the value of the common individual, common language, emotion, hope, and a closeness to nature. Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville represent the movement.

Gothic Tradition

An offshoot of Romanticism—a special kind of romanticism: the flip side. Hope is turned to EXPECTATIONS OF EVIL. Nature turns into the dark side of the SUPERNATURAL.

DARKNESS, DECAY, INSANITY, DEATH

Strange Beauty

alwaysEXTREME SITUATIONS.


1809 1849
1809-1849

Edgar Allen Poe


  • Age 3: Mother (a famous actress) died of TB. Fostered by the Allans, a wealthy couple.

  • Age 16: Begins writing poetry.

  • Age 17: Goes to U of Virginia. Drops out.

  • Age 18: Publishes first book of poetry.

  • Age 20: Foster mom dies of TB.

  • Age 21: Goes to West Point. Gets expelled—deliberately.

  • Age 22: Publishes second book of poetry.

  • Age 27: Marries Virginia Clemm (his 14 year old cousin).

  • Age 32: Publishes the first-ever detective story.

  • Age 36: Publishes “The Raven.” Becomes famous.

  • Age 38: Virginia dies of TB.

  • Age 40: Dies in the streets of Baltimore.


Poe hawthorne melville
Poe – Hawthorne - Melville

  • “Brooding” romantic – anti-transcendentalist:

  • Did not believe in the innate goodness of people

    • Explored the human capacity for eviiiil

    • Explored characters’ motivation

    • Included elements of fantasy and the supernatural


Quickwrite
Quickwrite!

  • We do lots of things to keep ourselves safe from disease, injury, accidents, bad guys (and girls), but . . . is safety an illusion?

  • Can we really be safe in this world? Why or why not?

  • What kinds of situations make you feel most safe?

  • What kinds of situations make you feel vulnerable . . . unsafe? Describe and explain.


Allegory
Allegory

  • a work of art with two levels of meaning

  • setting, characters, and objects can stand for ideas outside the work

  • often meant to teachlessons—simple characters, unnamed settings

  • early allegory: ideas personified as characters (Good, Evil, Honesty)


Allegory1
Allegory

  • One type of allegory is the fable. Fables

    • are brief stories that teach a practical lesson about life

    • are set in fantasy worlds where animals speak and think

    • often have animal characters that symbolize vices and virtues


Allegory2
Allegory

  • Another kind of allegory is the parable. Parables

    • are brief stories that teach a lesson about moral behavior or ethics

    • are set in the ordinary, everyday world

    • feature humans as characters


The allegory of the school
The Allegory of the School

Sad Student writes a story about school, but he doesn’t call it school. He calls it “prison.”


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