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Household waste management in Flanders. Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities www.vvsg.be Tel. +32 2 211.55.99 E-mail: [email protected] Flanders (1). Flanders (2). Regions: considerable political autonomy

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household waste management in flanders

Household waste management in Flanders

Christof Delatter

Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities

www.vvsg.be

Tel. +32 2 211.55.99

E-mail: [email protected]

flanders 2
Flanders (2)
  • Regions: considerable political autonomy
  • Region fully responsible for environmental matters (incl. spatial planning), except:
    • Nuclear waste
    • Waste transit through Belgium
    • Product Policy
    • European and International Policy (joint decisionmaking)
flanders 3
Flanders (3)
  • One public waste authority on Flemish (regional) level, established in 1981 (OVAM), responsible for working out regional waste management plans
  • Municipalities are responsible for the collection and treatment of household waste
    • Own (inter)municipal services; Tendering; Public-private partnerships
    • Producer responsibility for certain waste streams
    • Commercial waste: ‘free market’
results 1
Results (1)
  • Verysuccessful separate collection:
    • Results at the top
    • Doorstep collection of lots of recyclables
    • Bring system (> 340 civicamenity sites)
    • Very high recycling rate
  • 2002: firstyear in which the growth in waste productionstopped
  • Since 2006: no more landfilling of household waste
  • Largenumber of people compost at home
  • PAYT is generalized
  • BAT waste treatmentfacilities
results 3
Results (3)

*all of it incinerated with energy recovery

flanders waste collection before 1991
Flanders: waste collection before 1991
  • No selective collection
  • Waste collected twice/ week
  • Any bag or container can be used
  • All household waste to incineration or landfill
introduction selective waste collection
Introduction selective waste collection
  • 1991: start of selective collection of household waste
  • Residual household waste
  • ‘dry’ or ‘wet’ fraction
  • Hazardous waste
  • Now:
  • Organic waste
  • Paper and cardboard
  • Glass
  • PMD (plastic and metal packaging)
  • Metals
  • Textiles
  • ...
introduction selective waste collection1
Introduction selective waste collection

Selective collection requires engagement from citizens:

  • New bags or containers for each waste type
  • Slightly more expensive for citizens
  • Sorting rules not always easy
  • More space needed to keep each waste type separately

Stakeholder engagement is crucial

Mix of policyinstruments

continuous improvements 1
Continuous improvements (1)
  • 2013: ‘Better Sorting Team’
  • Reporting waste issues through mobile app
continuous improvements 2
Continuous improvements (2)

From curbside waste collection to underground waste collection and sorting points in densily populated areas

continuous improvements 3
Continuous improvements (3)

Waste sorting streets?

Underground containers for selectivehousehold waste collection:

  • Residual household waste, Paper, GFT, Glass
  • Accessible to a limited pre-determined number of people.
  • (Electronically) monitored: “Pay as you throw”.
bring your waste 1
Bring-your-waste (1)
  • Access pass: top up at top-up point or by bank transfer
  • Access: 7/7, between 7 am and 10 pm
slide16
Bring-your-waste (2)
  • No need to keep waste at home (especially important for small dwellings)
  • Access-card controlled
  • Less odour nuisance
  • No torn bags, no messy streetscape
  • Flexible, because open 7 days a week
slide17

Bring-your-waste (3)

  • Small size dwelling: the regular and quick disposal of waste is definitely a must.
  • Great diversity of languages ​​and cultures: no more issues reading the waste collection calendar; no rescheduled collection days (due to holidays).
  • Keeping truck traffic off the residential streets
  • Less illegal dumping
the way forward for flanders
The way forward for Flanders?
  • Keep up the good work
  • Environmentalproblems do not stop at country borders
    • Whatpriceis the citizenwilling to pay?
    • €10 extra investments in our country = marginal result

What if weinvestthatsame €10 in developing countries?

    • Only one wayforward: dialogue, solidarity, cooperation
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