Household waste management in flanders
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Household waste management in Flanders. Christof Delatter Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities www.vvsg.be Tel. +32 2 211.55.99 E-mail: [email protected] Flanders (1). Flanders (2). Regions: considerable political autonomy

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Household waste management in Flanders

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Household waste management in flanders

Household waste management in Flanders

Christof Delatter

Association of Flemish Cities and Municipalities

www.vvsg.be

Tel. +32 2 211.55.99

E-mail: [email protected]


Flanders 1

Flanders (1)


Flanders 2

Flanders (2)

  • Regions: considerable political autonomy

  • Region fully responsible for environmental matters (incl. spatial planning), except:

    • Nuclear waste

    • Waste transit through Belgium

    • Product Policy

    • European and International Policy (joint decisionmaking)


Flanders 3

Flanders (3)

  • One public waste authority on Flemish (regional) level, established in 1981 (OVAM), responsible for working out regional waste management plans

  • Municipalities are responsible for the collection and treatment of household waste

    • Own (inter)municipal services; Tendering; Public-private partnerships

    • Producer responsibility for certain waste streams

    • Commercial waste: ‘free market’


Results 1

Results (1)

  • Verysuccessful separate collection:

    • Results at the top

    • Doorstep collection of lots of recyclables

    • Bring system (> 340 civicamenity sites)

    • Very high recycling rate

  • 2002: firstyear in which the growth in waste productionstopped

  • Since 2006: no more landfilling of household waste

  • Largenumber of people compost at home

  • PAYT is generalized

  • BAT waste treatmentfacilities


Results 2

Results (2)


Results 3

Results (3)

*all of it incinerated with energy recovery


Flanders waste collection before 1991

Flanders: waste collection before 1991

  • No selective collection

  • Waste collected twice/ week

  • Any bag or container can be used

  • All household waste to incineration or landfill


Introduction selective waste collection

Introduction selective waste collection

  • 1991: start of selective collection of household waste

  • Residual household waste

  • ‘dry’ or ‘wet’ fraction

  • Hazardous waste

  • Now:

  • Organic waste

  • Paper and cardboard

  • Glass

  • PMD (plastic and metal packaging)

  • Metals

  • Textiles

  • ...


Introduction selective waste collection1

Introduction selective waste collection

Selective collection requires engagement from citizens:

  • New bags or containers for each waste type

  • Slightly more expensive for citizens

  • Sorting rules not always easy

  • More space needed to keep each waste type separately

    Stakeholder engagement is crucial

    Mix of policyinstruments


Continuous improvements 1

Continuous improvements (1)

  • 2013: ‘Better Sorting Team’

  • Reporting waste issues through mobile app


Continuous improvements 2

Continuous improvements (2)

From curbside waste collection to underground waste collection and sorting points in densily populated areas


Continuous improvements 3

Continuous improvements (3)

Waste sorting streets?

Underground containers for selectivehousehold waste collection:

  • Residual household waste, Paper, GFT, Glass

  • Accessible to a limited pre-determined number of people.

  • (Electronically) monitored: “Pay as you throw”.


Bring your waste 1

Bring-your-waste (1)

  • Access pass: top up at top-up point or by bank transfer

  • Access: 7/7, between 7 am and 10 pm


Household waste management in flanders

Bring-your-waste (2)

  • No need to keep waste at home (especially important for small dwellings)

  • Access-card controlled

  • Less odour nuisance

  • No torn bags, no messy streetscape

  • Flexible, because open 7 days a week


Household waste management in flanders

Bring-your-waste (3)

  • Small size dwelling: the regular and quick disposal of waste is definitely a must.

  • Great diversity of languages ​​and cultures: no more issues reading the waste collection calendar; no rescheduled collection days (due to holidays).

  • Keeping truck traffic off the residential streets

  • Less illegal dumping


The way forward for flanders

The way forward for Flanders?

  • Keep up the good work

  • Environmentalproblems do not stop at country borders

    • Whatpriceis the citizenwilling to pay?

    • €10 extra investments in our country = marginal result

      What if weinvestthatsame €10 in developing countries?

    • Only one wayforward: dialogue, solidarity, cooperation


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