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ART IN HISTORY Thematic Power Point. Erica Freeman 10-21-10 A.P. American History Period. 6. Chapters 1-3. By an Aztec Artist In simple colors of almost no verity Shows a man using a tool to dig out a crop The man is only wearing a loin cloth

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Art in history thematic power point

ART IN HISTORY Thematic Power Point

Erica Freeman

10-21-10

A.P. American History

Period. 6


Chapters 1 3

Chapters 1-3


Mesoamerican maize cultivation

By an Aztec Artist

In simple colors of almost no verity

Shows a man using a tool to dig out a crop

The man is only wearing a loin cloth

Symbolizes that the peoples of Mesoamerica developed a grater verity of cultivated crops than any other region in the world

This helped the civilization survive

Mesoamerican maize cultivation


Human figures dancing

Painted on a piece of red-on-buff pottery

Made by the Hohokams (1000 c.e.)

  • The first irrigation farmers

    This piece of art work is a bowl type object

    Tribal like figures (dancing) are painted around it

Human figures dancing


Theodor de bry

The New Queen Being Taken to the King

Engraving by in the 16th century inspired by a drawing by Jacques le Moyne an early French colonist of Florida

In this time period Florida communities were hierarchical, with classes and hereditary chiefs, some being women

-In this engraving a “queen” is depicted being carried on an ornamental litter by men of rank

Theodor de Bry


A french peasant in the field before a spectacular castle

Colorful

Made in the 15th century

The essayist Montaigne talked with several American Indians at the French court who “noticed among us some men gorged to the full with things of every sort while their other halves were beggars at their doors, emaciated with hunger and poverty” and “found it strange that these poverty stricken halves should suffer such injustice, and that they did not take the others by the throat or set fire to their houses.”

This picture depicts the peasants working in the field and begging at the wall to a huge castle

(not shown in this version) Above this a semi-circle with what seems to depict the time of year (it is in a different language)

A French peasant in the field before a spectacular castle


The victims of the smallpox epidemic

Struck Tenochtitlán

Black and white

1520

Drawings of people dying from smallpox

“There came amongst us a great sickness, a general plague,” reads the account,” killing vast numbers of people. It covered many all over with sores: on the face, on the head, on the chest, everywhere… The sores were so terrible that the victims could not lie face down, nor on their backs, nor move from one side to the other. And when they tried to move even a little, they cried out in agony.”

The victims of the smallpox epidemic


Watercolor

Jacques le Moyne

1564

Shows the Timucuas of coastal Florida and the colonists of the French colony of Fort Caroline having friendly relations

The Timucuans had hoped that the French would help defend them against the Spanish who were in pursuit of Indian slaves

This shows the Indians welcoming the French with a picnic of sorts

Watercolor


The armada portrait of elizabeth i

Unknown artist

1648

Yellow tinted colors

The queen has her hand on a globe

  • Symbolizing the rising sea power of England

    The open windows in the background shows

  • the battle against the Spanish Armada in 1588

  • and the destruction of the Spanish ships in a providential storm

  • interpreted by the queen as an act of divine intervention

The Armada Portrait of Elizabeth I


The algonquian village of pomeiooc

1585 by John White

Brown colors

Shows eighteen longhouses surrounded by a palisaded enclosure with a guarded entrance (almost like a wall enclosure made of wood)

The house with the pyramid-shaped roof is thought to have been a ceremonial center

The Algonquian village of Pomeiooc


The mason children

Unknown Boston artist

1670

Puritan children

  • David, Joanna and Abigail Mason

    They are dressed in finery

  • An indication of wealth and prominence of their family

    The cane in David’s hand symbolizes his position as the male heir

    The rose in the hand of Abigail symbolizes childhood innocence

The Mason Children


The earliest known view of new amsterdam

1651

Now New York

The Dutch intended to construct a fur trade network that extended far into the continent

They paddle in dugout canoes

25 years after its founding, the Dutch settlement still occupied only the lower tip of Manhattan Island

The earliest known view of New Amsterdam


Terms

Terms

  • Engraving

    • the art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion by acids, a photographic process, etc., on the surface of a metal plate, block of wood, or the like, for or as for the purpose of taking off impressions or prints of the design so formed.

  • Symbolism

    • the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.

  • Oil painting

    • the process of painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil

  • Watercolor

    • The medium or the resulting artwork, in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water soluble vehicle.

  • Pottery

    • Ceramic ware, esp. earthenware and stoneware; objects that are first shaped of wet clay, and then hardened by baking.


Important people

Important People

  • Jacques le Moyne

    • Jacques LeMoyne was a French artist who came to Florida with Rene de Laudonniere, a French explorer, in 1564. LeMoyne was the first artist to visit the new world. He traveled through North Florida, charting the coastline and the lives of the Timucua Indians.

  • Theodor de Bry

    • Theodor De Bry is best known for his series of volumes chronicling many of the earliest expeditions to the Americas. De Bry was a Frankfurt goldsmith, engraver, print-seller and book-seller.


Questions

Questions

  • What is one example of symbolism in these forms of art listed above?

    • The Mesoamericans farming

    • The human figures on the pottery dancing

    • The feast that the Timucuas prepared for the French

    • The cane held by David Mason


Art in history thematic power point

B


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who was the first artist to enter the New World?

    • Theodor de Bry

    • Leonardo Da Vinci

    • Jacques le Moyne

    • David Mason


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who engraved famous artwork?

    • Theodor de Bry

    • Leonardo Da Vinci

    • Jacques le Moyne

    • David Mason


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is engraving in the art world?

    • The art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion, etc., on the surface of an object

    • The art of carving totem poles

    • A way to illustrate newspapers

    • The art of forming designs by cutting patterns onto canvas


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • How is pottery made?

    • Shaped ceramic ware left out to dry

    • Shaped ceramic ware that is never dried

    • Shaped ceramic ware baked

    • Shaped ceramic ware that is spun until dried


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is done to the pigments on an oil painting?

    • They are bound with drying oil

    • They are bound with natural oils from an animal

    • They are painted on the canvas first followed by a coat of oil

    • They are painted on the canvas after a coat of oil is painted on


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is done to the pigments in a watercolor?

    • They are painted on the canvas first followed by a coat of water

    • They are painted on the canvas after a coat of water is painted on

    • They are suspended in water

    • They are mixed in with water and oil


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is the sickness that killed many in Tenochtitlán?

    • Measles

    • Chicken Pox

    • Poison Ivy

    • Small Pox


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • In the painting of “The Mason Children” what does their clothing tell about them?

    • They are poor

    • They are wealthy

    • They are settlers

    • They are Indians


Art in history thematic power point

B


Art in history thematic power point

  • In the earlier art the people are drawn in the fashion of what?

    • Tribal

    • Realistic

    • Cartoon

    • Animals


Art in history thematic power point

A


Sources

Sources

  • Photos

    • http://www.keyshistory.org/tumucanwedding2.jpg

    • http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/Image/4069/Thumb/4069-6984.jpg

    • http://humanpast.net/images/Hohokam3.jpg

    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/Les_Tr%C3%A8s_Riches_Heures_du_duc_de_Berry_octobre_detail.jpg

    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/FlorentineCodex_BK12_F54_smallpox.jpg

    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Elizabeth_I_Armada_Portrait_British_School.jpg

    • http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry/white_31_big.GIF

    • http://www.steveartgallery.se/upload1/file-admin/images/new4/unknow%20artist-492773.jpg

    • http://cache2.asset-cache.net/xc/51246189.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=45B0EB3381F7834DF603592FD303FF231BCE97771A966A051786C2ED51971725

    • http://www.johnfishersr.net/images_fia/fia1987may.jpg

  • Information

    • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/engraving

    • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/symbolism

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_painting

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watercolor_painting

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pottery

    • http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/lessons/lemoyne/lemoyne.htm

    • http://www.philaprintshop.com/debry.html


Chapters 4 6

Chapters 4-6


What is art

What is art?

  • Art is considered the product or process of deliberately arranging symbolic elements in a way that influences and affects the senses, emotions, and/or intellect.

  • It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations, and modes of expression,

    • including music

    • literature

    • film

    • photography

    • sculpture

    • And paintings.

  • Generally, art is made with the intention of stimulating thoughts and emotions.


Art in african american culture from 1441 1770

Art in African American culture from 1441 – 1770

  • Country born slaves provided development and evolution of their culture

  • Molded themselves into new people

  • This caused distinctive patterns

    • in dance

    • in music

    • oral tradition

      • They mostly did not have written literature which is a form of art

        • Story telling

      • Instead they had oral literature

        • Created creative thoughts

        • Led to telling the stories through painting, weaving, pottery etc.

    • And in religion (death and burial)

      • Decorated graves with shells and pottery

        • old custom

      • Dance was a form of worship


Art in african american culture from 1441 1770 continued

Art in African American culture from 1441 – 1770 continued

  • Dance and music

    • Came before common language

    • 18th century observers commented on the musical and rhythmic gifts of Africans

      • Thomas Jefferson

      • African remembered their people as dancers, musicians and poets also

    • Most Africans were accomplished at playing

      • Stringed instruments

      • Drums

    • Mastered the art of

      • European violin

      • Guitar

    • They recreated instruments, that they used in Africa, in America

      • Banjo

    • There style

      • Featured improvisation

      • Rhythmic complexity

    • Drums were outlawed

      • due to fear that they were a secret way of communicating

      • The slaves ended up using bones, spoons, or sticks

      • Or just “patting juba”

        • Slapping their thighs


African american art influences

African American art influences

  • Culinary arts

  • Basket weaving

  • Wood carving

  • Architectural designs

    • High, peaked roofs

    • Broad, shady porches

  • Ironworking

  • Dance and music

    • Influences back and forth between cultures


Traditional culture in the new world dealing with art

Traditional culture in the New World dealing with Art

  • Oral cultures

    • Depending on the transmission of information by the spoken word rather than through print

      • story telling

      • song

      • music

      • and other crafts

  • Women could become involved in spinning


Literature in colonial america

Literature in Colonial America

  • Literature was not primarily used as a form of entertainment but more as a way to inspire and inform others before the Enlightenment

    • People like Benjamin Franklin created fictional characters to inform

      • He used some entertainment in these writings but mostly that was not the main goal

  • The Enlightenment

    • Benjamin Franklin was quoted, “The culture of minds by the finer arts and sciences was necessarily postponed to times of more wealth and leisure… these times are come.”

    • A rising demand for drama, poetry, essays, novels and history occurred

      • Including William Shakespeare

      • John Milton

      • The essays of Joseph Addison

      • Richard Steele

      • Jonathan Swift

      • Samuel Johnson

      • And editions of the classics


Art in independence

Art in Independence

  • In this time period literature was the main form of art

    • Documents and quotes were used with descriptive language and use of literary symbolism

      • For example: The Declaration of Independence is full is meaning behind the words and big language.

        • Many say that this document was created to be read in turn by a large amount of people due to the music and pattern behind the words.


Art in independence continued

Art in Independence Continued

  • Famous works of art were also inspired by this time period

    • Boston Massacre by Paul Revere

      • This was a print, originally from a Boston Engraver

      • Inaccurate by created much propaganda

    • Such as The Battle of Bunker Hill by John Trumbull

      • He was earned the title of “the Painter of the Revolution”


Terms1

Terms

  • Spinning: an ancient textile art in which plant, animal or synthetic fibers are twisted together to form yarn.

  • Ironwork: Anything made of iron, or consists largely of it, especially when used for decoration

  • Culinary Arts: the art of cooking. It is also a skill that is attained by study, practice, or observation related to the preparation of food

  • Banjo: a stringed instrument with, typically, four or five strings, which vibrate a membrane of plastic material or animal hide stretched over a circular frame. Simpler forms of the instrument were fashioned by enslaved Africans in Colonial America, adapted from several African instruments of the same basic design.

  • Literature: creative writing of recognized artistic value; the art of written works


Important people1

Important People

  • John Trumbull: was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War and was notable for his historical paintings. His Declaration of Independence (one of his paintings) was used on the reverse of the two-dollar bill. He was considered “the Painter of the Revolution”

  • Benjamin Franklin: was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author and printer, satirist, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.


Questions1

Questions

  • Who was “the Painter of the Revolution”?

    • Benjamin Franklin

    • Paul Revere

    • John Milton

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • What were African Americans widely described as?

    • Musical

    • Strong

    • Not artistic

    • Good painters


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • How does Benjamin Franklin have anything to do with art

    • He does not

    • He was an inspired painter

    • He owned slaves that were artistic

    • He wrote creative literature


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is spinning?

    • Knitting

    • A type of dancing

    • Creating yarn

    • Creating blankets


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • How can ironwork be an art?

    • It is not

    • You can make designs

    • You can paint with the melted iron

    • You can make instruments and play them


Art in history thematic power point

B


Art in history thematic power point

  • The Declaration of Independence is considered an art because

    • It is a song

    • It is not

    • It has hidden meaning

    • It is an painting


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • In what time period did the arts become more in demand?

    • The Enlightenment

    • The Inspired time

    • The War

    • The Great Depression


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is an example of instrument that the African Americans recreated?

    • Violin

    • Guitar

    • Banjo

    • Drumming


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • Art includes

    • Music

    • Literature

    • Painting

    • All of the above


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • How was art involved in burial

    • They danced

    • They decorated the graves

    • They sang

    • All of the above


Art in history thematic power point

D


Sources1

Sources

  • Photos

    • http://phobos.ramapo.edu/~eshannon/AmericanSurvey1folder/SurveyIimages/spinningwheel.jpeg

    • http://www.elcivics.com/images/benjamin-franklin.jpg

    • http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/pictures/john_trumbull.jpg

    • http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/enlargement.html

    • http://www.artinthepicture.com/artists/John_Trumbull/bunker.jpeg

    • http://www.dv247.com/assets/products/37264_l.jpg

  • Information

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art

    • http://www.picturesilove.com/

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinning_(textiles)

    • en.wiktionary.org/wiki/ironwork

    • www.best-culinary-schools.info/culinary-definitions.html

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banjo

    • wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn


Chapters 7 and 8

Chapters 7 and 8


Benjamin west

Benjamin West

  • The first American to achieve artistic prominence in the artistic world of Europe

  • Originally from Pennsylvania

  • Left to England

  • There he became popular as a painter of historical scenes

  • Death of General Wolfe was one of his more acclaimed paintings

  • Remained in England after the revolution


John singleton copley

John Singleton Copley

  • Originally from Boston

  • Also moved to England

  • This was due to his loyalist sentiments

  • He was a portraitist

  • His work was renowned for the truth and straightforwardness of his depictions

  • He did a famous portrait of Samuel Adams

  • Remained in England after the revolution


Gilbert stuart

Gilbert Stuart

  • Copley and West’s most promising student

  • Fashionable style

  • Portrait of Joseph Brant (Mohawk leader)

  • Stuart returned to heroes in Philadelphia

  • Eventually grew into a famous museum of curios, reflecting his interest in natural history, archaeology and exotic cultures

  • The chaotic arrangement of exhibits was said to be like Peale’s Jeffersonian politics

  • Part science part circus

  • The collection was purchased by the pioneer American entertainer P.T. Barnum


John trumbull

John Trumbull

  • From Connecticut

  • Predicted America’s rise

  • Went to Yale

  • Served as a soldier in the Revolution

  • Went to London to study with West

  • Painted The Battle of Bunker Hill

  • From that painting he made a series of revolutionary scenes

  • He was concerned with documentary detail in his scenes of the birth of America


Architecture

Architecture

  • Nationalism was also present

  • The greatest architectural project of the day was the new federal capital city

    • Named for President Washington

  • Jefferson, “Architecture is worth great attention as we double our numbers every twenty years, we must double our houses. It is, then, among the most important arts; and it is desirable to introduce taste into an art which shows so much.”


Architecture continued

Architecture continued

  • Asher Benjamin

    • The Country Builder’s Assistant was a hand book written by him

    • He was from New England

    • Federal Style

      • Restrained classicism

      • He popularized an American variant of the Georgian style

      • He emphasized the economy of decoration

      • He recommended the use of indigenous materials

      • Urban buildings were undertaken in the coastal cities during the shipping boom due to this restrained classicism


Post revolution literature

Post Revolution Literature

  • Higher demand for books

    • Dictionaries

    • Dramas

    • Fictional based material

    • Political


Terms2

Terms

  • Portraitist

    • A person who makes portraits, especially a painter or photographer.

  • Art exhibit

    • traditionally the space in which art objects (in the most general sense) meet an audience

  • Classicism

    • The imitation or use primarily of the style and aesthetic principles of ancient Greek and Roman classical art and literature; in modern times, it also refers to the adoption of such principles in music.

  • Federal-style architecture

    • The name for the classicizing architecture built in the United States between c. 1780 and 1830, and particularly from 1785 to 1815. This style shares its name with its era, the Federal Period.

  • Curios

    • something (as a decorative object) considered novel, rare, or bizarre


Important people2

Important People

  • Benjamin West

    • An Anglo-American painter of historical scenes around and after the time of the American War of Independence. He was the second president of the Royal Academy in London.

  • Asher Benjamin

    • An American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal style architecture and the later Greek Revival. His seven handbooks on design deeply influenced the look of cities and towns throughout New England until the Civil War. Builders also copied his plans in the Midwest and in the South.


Questions2

Questions

  • What was in higher demand after the Revolution?

    • Paintings

    • Books

    • Maps

    • Guns


Art in history thematic power point

B


Art in history thematic power point

  • What was Benjamin West Famous for?

    • Painting

    • Writing books

    • Playing music

    • Singing


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • What type of architecture was often used?

    • There was no type, it was random

    • Portraitist

    • Nationalism

    • Federal


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who was Copley and West’s most promising student?

    • Gilbert Stuart

    • Asher Benjamin

    • Joseph Brant

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

A


Art in history thematic power point

  • What is a portraitist?

    • A person who makes portraits of him/her self

    • A person who is against the making of portraits

    • A person who makes portraits, in general

    • A person who makes portraits using only paint


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • The Battle of Bunker Hill was painted by whom?

    • Gilbert Stuart

    • Jefferson

    • Asher Benjamin

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who was quoted about the reason why architecture was an important art?

    • Washington

    • Jefferson

    • Asher Benjamin

    • Benjamin West


Art in history thematic power point

B


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who served as a soldier in the Revolution?

    • Gilbert Stuart

    • Asher Benjamin

    • Joseph Brant

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

D


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who was the first American to achieve artistic prominence in the artistic world of Europe

    • Gilbert Stuart

    • Asher Benjamin

    • Benjamin West

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

C


Art in history thematic power point

  • Who had a chaotic arrangement of exhibits?

    • Gilbert Stuart

    • Asher Benjamin

    • Benjamin West

    • John Trumbull


Art in history thematic power point

A


Sources2

Sources

  • Photos and Information

    • http://www.thefreedictionary.com/portraitist

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_exhibition

    • http://en.mimi.hu/architecture/classicism.html

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_architecture

    • http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/curios

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asher_Benjamin

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_West

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_death_of_general_warren_at_the_battle_of_bunker_hill.jpg

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_Stuart

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Singleton_Copley


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