The Color Wheel
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The Color Wheel. History of Color. Colors are often symbolic. Let’s talk about what role color has played in different times in history. In China…. Yellow has religious significance and is still the Imperial color today!. In Greece and Rome…. Red was believed to have protective powers.

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History of color
History of Color

  • Colors are often symbolic.

  • Let’s talk about what role color has played in different times in history.


In china
In China…

  • Yellow has religious significance and is still the Imperial color today!


In greece and rome
In Greece and Rome…

  • Red was believed to have protective powers.

  • Purple was restricted to use by nobility.


The egyptians
The Egyptians

  • Adorned walls of tombs and temples with brilliant colors of blue, tangerine, and green.


In the italian renaissance
In the Italian Renaissance…

  • Colors were vibrant reds, greens, golds and blues.


In the rococo period
In the Rococo period…

  • Tastes became very feminine, colors became less vibrant.


In 18 th century england
In 18th Century England…

  • There was great elegance. Colors were rich, showing a strong Chinese influence in the use of red and gold.


During the victorian era
During the Victorian era…

  • There was great Eclecticism known for it’s abundance of “things”.

  • Colors were mostly dull reds, greens, browns, and mauves.


In the early 20 th century
In the Early 20th Century…

  • Colors were Monochromatic. There were sleek surfaces and strong contrasts with black, gray, silver, brown, beige and white.


In the 1920 s
In the 1920’s…

  • All-white interiors became popular which gave way to delicate pastels with bright accents.


In the 1950 s
In the 1950’s..

  • Light colors were preferred.

  • However, American interest turned to Mexico and a shift to bright colors with bright contrasts.



1970 s
1970’s

Crazy Man



And in the 1990 s
And in the 1990’s…

  • Regal gold, blue, and red were used. Southwestern remained popular and Victorian was being revived.

  • Ivy league also becomes popular with forest greens and cranberry reds.


Where does color come from
Where does color come from?

  • A ray of light is the source of all color.

  • Without light, color does not exist.

  • Light is broken down into colors of the spectrum. You can often see a variety of colors in a bright beam when you look at something like a rainbow.


Color
Color

  • Color can alter the appearance of form and space.

  • Color can affect our performance abilities and change our moods.


Pigments
Pigments

  • Pigments are substances that can be ground into fine powder and used for adding color to dyes and paints.

  • Pigments were originally derives from animal, mineral, and vegetable sources.


  • Examples:

    • Purple from shellfish

    • Red dye from the dried bodies of scale insects


The color wheel
The Color Wheel

  • The color wheel is a basic tool we use when working with colors.

  • It is based on the standard color theory known as Brewster/Prang.


  • In addition to the traditional color wheel, there are two color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

    • The Munsell system:

      • Has 5 principles hues and 5 intermediate hues. A numbering system helps designers identify the exact hue they need.

    • The Ostwald system:

      • Made from pairs of complementary colors. The color circle has twenty-four hues.


The color wheel1
The Color Wheel color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

  • There are 12 hues in the spectrum of color.

  • They are divided into three categories…


The primary colors
The Primary Colors color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

  • Red, Yellow, and Blue

  • These colors cannot be combined from mixing any colors together.


The secondary colors
The Secondary Colors color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

  • Green, violet, and orange

  • Made by combining the Primary colors together.


The tertiary colors
The Tertiary Colors color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

  • Yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red-violet, red-orange, yellow-orange.

  • Made by combining a primary and a secondary hue.

  • Named by the Primary color first.


Color1

COLOR color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

What color is your personality?


Laid back and carefree color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

Somewhat sheltered and innocent, or you wish you were

Words that describe you are shy, romantic, and feminine

Gentle, almost to the point of being weak

You have a calming effect on those around you and people who need a friend seek you out

PINK


Want to be part of the action and are quite impulsive color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

Outspoken, quick-tempered and intense

In a crowd you are dynamic and noticeable

Be careful you can become overbearing

Emotional, exciting and athletic

You give your opinion whether others agree with you or not

You live life to the fullest

RED


Yellow

Intellectual and drawn toward the new and modern. color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

High spirited, cheerful, and idealistic

Vivacious, extroverted and comedic

You have strong opinions and can be stubborn

You live by high standards and give sound advice

YELLOW


Orange

You are unique color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

Friendly and get along well with others

Radiate warmth and inspire those you are with

You tend to be social and drawn to groups of people

You are the hearth of the home and grateful for family and friends

ORANGE


White

You expect to be happy most of the time color systems that are useful when more detailed colors are required.

Your personality is light, good and pure

You have a sense of innocence about you

You seek perfection and expect others to do the same, which sometimes make you appear cold

WHITE


You are cautious, conservative and sensitive to the needs of others

Your basic need for harmony often thrusts you into the role of peacemaker

Words that best describe you are business-like, calm, and capable

You are a loyal, trustworthy friend, but expressing your emotions in a relationship is difficult for you

BLUE


Green

You are fresh, friendly and natural others

You are persistent, well balanced and stable

The environment is important in your life and you like things basic to the point of being simple

As a friend you are frank, sensitive, affectionate and loyal

GREEN


Blue green

You are sensitive and need loving care and adoration form others, but you maintain your independence

Showing emotion difficult for you and others perceive you as self-centered

You have excellent taste and a mature outlook

BLUE/GREEN


Purple

You are creative! others, but you maintain your independence

You consider yourself unique and you set yourself apart from others

You are an artist at heart

Scheduling and mundane tasks bore you

You can frequently be found daydreaming and would actually prefer fantasy to reality

While you seek cultural events and luxury, you do not put yourself out to serve humanity

Many inventors claim purple as their favorite color

PURPLE


Brown

You are likely to be seen as stable and unchanging others, but you maintain your independence

You are self-disciplined, conscientious and dependable

You like the rugged outdoors and the ultra natural

You are warm, comfortable, intimate and accepting

BROWN


Black

You are sophisticated, mysterious and dramatic others, but you maintain your independence

You are dignified and keep to yourself

You may be unhappy with how things are, but aren’t quite certain how you can change existing circumstances

A young child who chooses black exclusively may be depressed

BLACK


Clue in on color

Clue in on Color others, but you maintain your independence


Blue others, but you maintain your independence

  • Cool Color

  • Moves away from you

  • Suggests respect, responsibility, authority

  • Needs a relief color

  • Tranquilizing

  • Elongate time

  • Favorite color

  • Poor color around food


Red others, but you maintain your independence

  • Hot, exciting, stimulating

  • Highly emotional

  • Raises blood pressure, pulse and heart rate

  • Cellular reaction in heart and lungs

  • Stimulate appetite

  • Pay more

  • Lose track of time

  • Separate gender responses


Yellow1
Yellow others, but you maintain your independence

  • Requires the most visual processing

  • Cheerful, warm, inviting

  • Stimulate memory

  • “Value for Money”

  • Loss of minor muscle control in elderly

  • Loose your temper quicker

  • Baby’s cry more


Green1
Green others, but you maintain your independence

  • Peaceful, relaxation, serenity

  • Easiest for the eye to see

  • Fastest adjustment time

  • High socio-economic status

  • Natural

  • Cool color closest to warm


Black1
Black others, but you maintain your independence

  • Mysterious

  • Positive and negative effects

  • Dignity, solemnity, formality

  • Mourning, sorrow, depression

  • Power, strong authority when combined with white

  • Limited positive response in décor

  • Reinforces the color it touches, powerful accent


White1
White others, but you maintain your independence

  • Delicate, refined

  • Symbol of purity, chastity, cleanliness

  • All white feels empty or forced

  • Soften edges between colors

  • Encourages precision

  • Clarity, openness and brightness


Gray grey
Gray/Grey others, but you maintain your independence

  • Work longer

  • Creativity

  • More artistic

  • Chameleon

  • Needs accent colors

  • Strong prejudice against grey


Brown1
Brown others, but you maintain your independence

  • Homelike, masculine

  • Warmth, snug, secure

  • Universal

  • Solidity

  • Listener

  • Positive food associations

  • Less intensive behavioral response

  • Needs natural associations and less yellow for a positive response.


Violet
Violet others, but you maintain your independence

  • Stronger versions are called purple

  • Uncertainty

  • Royalty, dignity

  • Women generally accept universally

  • Tire of the fastest

  • Seen as artistic and expressive


Pink others, but you maintain your independence

  • Sweet

  • Can be calming

  • Intensifies when applied

  • Feminine

  • Good accent clothing color


Orange1
Orange others, but you maintain your independence

  • Declassifying

  • Informality

  • Stimulating

  • Inexpensive

  • Good around fast food

  • Shares some qualities of red, slightly reduced


Color2

Color others, but you maintain your independence

Vocabulary


Hue others, but you maintain your independence

  • red, yellow, blue, green, or any combination of

  • White, black and gray possess no hue


Neutrals
Neutrals others, but you maintain your independence

  • Black

  • White

  • Gray


Values of hues
Values of Hues others, but you maintain your independence

  • is defined as the relative lightness or darkness of a color.


Shade
Shade others, but you maintain your independence

  • The degree to which a color is mixed with black or is decreasingly illuminated

  • Gradation of darkness


Tint others, but you maintain your independence

  • A gradation of a color made by adding white to it to lessen its saturation.


Tone others, but you maintain your independence

  • adding gray to a pure hue


Intensity
Intensity others, but you maintain your independence

  • The brightness or dullness of a hue.

  • One may lower the intensity by adding white or black


Lower the intensity
Lower the Intensity others, but you maintain your independence

  • Adding black

  • Adding white

  • Adding the complementary color

    • Opposite on the color wheel


Graying a color
Graying a color others, but you maintain your independence

  • Add a small amount of its complement


Warm and cool colors

Warm and Cool Colors others, but you maintain your independence


Warm colors
Warm Colors others, but you maintain your independence

  • Yellow-green to red

  • Advancing- make objects look larger or closer than they really are


Cool colors
Cool Colors others, but you maintain your independence

  • Green to red-violet

  • Receding- objects seems larger and farther away


Color schemes
Color Schemes others, but you maintain your independence


Color scheme
Color Scheme: others, but you maintain your independence

  • A combination of colors selected for a room design in order to create a mood or set a tone

    • Provides guidelines for designing successfully with color

    • Color schemes look best when one color dominates


Color wheel
COLOR WHEEL others, but you maintain your independence


Types of color schemes
Types of Color Schemes others, but you maintain your independence

1. Neutral

2. Monochromatic

3. Analogous

4. Complementary

5. Split-Complementary

6. Triad


1 neutral
1. Neutral others, but you maintain your independence

• Neutral color schemes can be easier to live with than with vibrant color schemes.

• Often used as background colors in rooms because they blend well with other colors

• Touches of accent colors are usually added for interest


2 monochromatic
2. Monochromatic others, but you maintain your independence

  • Tints and shades of one color on the color wheel


3 analogous
3. others, but you maintain your independenceAnalogous

  • 3 to 5 hues next to each other on the color wheel


4 complement
4. Complement others, but you maintain your independence

  • Two colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel.


5 split complement
5. Split Complement others, but you maintain your independence

  • Three colors, they combine one color with the two colors on each side of its complement


6 triad
6. Triad others, but you maintain your independence

  • Three colors that are equal distance apart on the color wheel.


Red color scheme
Red Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Yellow color scheme
Yellow Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Blue color scheme
Blue Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Green color scheme
Green Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Orange color scheme
Orange Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Purple color scheme
Purple Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence


Hgtv hot colors for 2005
HGTV Hot Colors for 2005 others, but you maintain your independence


The purples
The Purples others, but you maintain your independence


Browns and naturals
Browns and Naturals others, but you maintain your independence


Desaturated
Desaturated others, but you maintain your independence


The trippy tints
The Trippy Tints others, but you maintain your independence


Pantone fall 2005 colors
Pantone others, but you maintain your independenceFall 2005 Colors


Color forecast for

Color Forecast others, but you maintain your independenceFor

2007


Interior color forecast

Interior Color Forecast others, but you maintain your independence


Sherwin williams

Sherwin-Williams others, but you maintain your independence

Color Forcast


  • Techno Color others, but you maintain your independence

  • It’s a brave–and beautiful—new world.Techno-Color explodes with bold and bright environmentally friendly hues that enhance your color and design possibilities. The daring colors of this collection dance across any canvas creating dimension and luminescence.

  • Gauntlet Gray SW 7019 Hep Green SW 6704 Reflecting Pool SW 6486

  • Zany Pink SW 6858 Ruby Shade SW 6572 Zircon SW 7667


Local momentum
Local Momentum others, but you maintain your independence

  • Putting a local spin on the color wheel.Local Momentum is about embracing the world around you. Raw natural materials and handmadeitems by local artisans are crafted together to make this look. So wherever you live, your home will feel connected to the experience you get every time you step outside

Wool Skein SW 6148 Black Fox SW 7020 Lemon Verbena SW 7726    Grandiose SW 6404 Aqua-Sphere SW 7613 Mesa Tan SW7695


Conscious luxury
Conscious Luxury others, but you maintain your independence

  • Conscious Luxury takes earth-friendly inspiration and gives it an exotic twist. Mineral hues, such as mother of pearl and warm metallic shades, combine earthy sensibility with refined taste. Imagine wrapping yourself in the finest silks and cashmeres shaded with natural flower and root dyes.

Steamed Milk SW 7554 Celestial SW 6808 Plummy SW 6558 Plum Dandy SW 6284 Constant Coral SW 6325 Insightful Rose SW 6023


Global tapestry
Global Tapestry others, but you maintain your independence

  • Enticing Red SW 6600

  • Gambol Gold SW 6690

  • Basket Beige SW 6143

  • Alexandrite SW 0060

  • Tigereye SW 6362

  • Umber SW 6146

  • One world. One palette. Endless inspiration.Global Tapestry brings color influences from many lands and weaves them together into a brilliant tapestry. Earth-inspired colors from India and Asia blend seamlessly with those of Latin America giving you a whole world of inspiration.


Pantone

Pantone others, but you maintain your independence


What is pantone
What is Pantone? others, but you maintain your independence

  • Color matching system

  • Standardized colors in the CMYK process.

  • The CMYK process is a method of printing color by using four inks—cyan, magenta, yellow and black.


Pantone color of the year 2009
Pantone Color of the Year others, but you maintain your independence2009



Sample board of an interior color scheme
Sample Board of an Interior Color Scheme others, but you maintain your independence

Accent color

Neutral Color

Scheme


What happens if you have no color scheme
What happens if you have no color scheme? others, but you maintain your independence


Color scheme and mandalas
Color Scheme and Mandalas others, but you maintain your independence

  • Try to make your design with only three colors

    • A three color combination is a good starting point.

    • This is enough to create variation and visual interest.


Apply the 60 30 10 rule for success
Apply the 60 - 30 - 10 Rule for Success others, but you maintain your independence

  • You should not use equal amounts of the three colors.

  • An old designer's rule is to divide the colors into percentages of 60, 30, and 10.


Need more colors
Need more colors? others, but you maintain your independence

  • Sometimes a design require more than three colors.

  • Use shades and tints of your main colors.


Just for fun

Just for Fun… others, but you maintain your independence


Do you see a dalmatian
Do you see a Dalmatian? others, but you maintain your independence


In this pipe you will also see a woman
In this pipe you will also see a woman others, but you maintain your independence


Do you see a rabbit or a duck
Do you see a rabbit or a duck? others, but you maintain your independence


What do you see besides a man two people kissing
What do you see besides a man? Two people kissing? others, but you maintain your independence


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