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Subject-Verb Agreement. Why is it important that subjects and verbs agree in sentences? . Basics about Subject-Verb Agreement. The subject and the main verb in a sentence must match in number. Singular subjects have singular verbs. Plural subjects have plural verbs. Singular (one).

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subject verb agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement

Why is it important that subjects and verbs agree in sentences?

basics about subject verb agreement
Basics about Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The subject and the main verb in a sentence must match in number.
  • Singular subjects have singular verbs.
  • Plural subjects have plural verbs.
singular one
Singular (one)
  • Our babysleeps more than 10 hours a day.
    • There is one baby
    • The verb “to sleep” changes to “sleeps” when paired with one baby.
plural more than one
Plural (more than one)
  • Some babiessleep even longer.
    • There are multiple babies in this sentence.
    • The verb “to sleep” becomes just “sleep” when paired with multiple babies.
words between the subject and verb
Words between the Subject and Verb
  • Sometimes prepositional phrases come between the subject and verb.
  • A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends in a noun.
  • Common prepositions: about, after, at, before, betweenby, during, for, from, in, into, like, of, on, outside, over, through, to, toward, with, without, under, above
  • The verb should agree with the subject NOT the noun in a prepositional phrase.
examples of sv agreement with prepositional phrases
Examples of SV Agreement with Prepositional Phrases
  • A small bag of potato chips contains 440 calories.
    • A small bagof potato chips contains 440 calories.
  • The tomatoes in this salad are brown and mushy.
    • The tomatoesin this salad are brown and mushy.
  • Books about baseball fill my son’s room.
    • Booksabout baseball fill my son’s room.
compound subjects
Compound Subjects
  • A compound subject is made up of two nouns connected by a joining word.
  • Subjects joined by AND take a PLURAL verb, or the verb that matches with they.
  • The plural form of a regular verb has NO “s” at the end.
examples of compound subjects
Examples of Compound Subjects
  • Running and lifting weights are good ways to keep in shape.
    • Running and lifting weights are good ways to keep in shape.
  • Fear and ignorance have a lot to do with hatred.
    • Fear and ignorancehave a lot to do with hatred.
practice 1 part 1
Practice 1, part 1
  • Complete Practice 1 with a partner. Then you will check your answers with your teacher.
  • Recess time!
  • Reading and writing are important parts of the school day.
  • But games on the playground are, too.
  • The little kids in Teron’s class love racing around on these scooter-boards.
  • The exercise and fresh air benefits their bodies and minds.
practice 1 part 2
Practice 1, part 2
  • It’s time to head back into class.
  • The smiles on the kids’ faces makeTeron feel good.
  • They remind him of why he is a teacher.
  • Teron grew up in a poor neighborhood without his father around.
  • Drugs and crime were everywhere he looked.
  • The teachers in his own life were very important to him.
  • They let him know they believed he could succeed in life.
  • Adult support and encouragement make a big difference in the life of a child.
  • Teron wants to provide that kind of support to the children he teaches.
practice 1 part 3
Practice 1, Part 3
  • Boys and girls learn how to be adults from observing grownups around them.
  • Teron saw lots of negative role models, such as drug dealers, as he was growing up.
  • But he focused on the positive people in his life.
  • He hopes the kids in his class do the same thing.
practice 2 complete independently
Practice 2, Complete independently
  • When complete, you will check your answers with your teacher.
practice 2 answers
Practice 2 Answers
  • Taste – compound subject
  • Wear – plural subject
  • Have – compound subject
  • Speak – plural subject
  • See – compound subject
  • Surround – compound subject
  • Are – plural subject
  • Sleep – compound subject
  • Live – compound subject
  • Do – plural subject
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