Typology of cemeteries
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TYPOLOGY OF CEMETERIES. Kenneth T. Jackson and Camilo Jose Vergara identify eight types in, Silent Cities: The Evolution of the American Cemetery. Carmark adds one more to the list I find that there are at least one more as well, maybe two Ten types that we will identify

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TYPOLOGY OF CEMETERIES

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TYPOLOGY OF CEMETERIES

  • Kenneth T. Jackson and Camilo Jose Vergara identify eight types in, Silent Cities: The Evolution of the American Cemetery.

  • Carmark adds one more to the list

  • I find that there are at least one more as well, maybe two

  • Ten types that we will identify

  • Plus the Pioneer or Historic


COUNTRY CEMETERY

  • Often on the edge of town

  • Small

  • In protected area if possible, i.e. hill top to protect from flooding; nestled in hill or trees

  • Usually not large markers and often brought in from outside or makeshift


PIONEER OR HISTORIC

  • In the country, or protected in town

  • Small, sometimes only one family

  • On private property or older community

  • Tend to be small markers or missing


MINING TOWN IN WYOMING


THE LOOK OF ALMY


SIMPLE SIGN


SIMPLE SIGN SOUTH DAKOTA


PINE BLUFFS


UINTAH SIGN


WESTERN CEMETERY


BOOT HILLONE OF MANY


ECHO UTAH


FORT BRIDGER


MEDICINE BOW WY.(THE VIRGINIAN)


GARDEN CEMETERY

  • Pleasing to look and

  • Comfortable place to be

  • Garden type in nature with designed plants, bushes, paths

  • Public park function

  • Replaced burial grounds and graveyards


LE PERE LACHAISEFRONT GATE


LEPERE LACHAISE


LEPERE LACHAISE 2


LEPERE LACHAISE 3


LEPERE LACHAISE 4


LEPERE LACHAISE 5


LEPERE LACHAISE 6


LEPERE LACHAISE 7


GATE TO MONTPARNASSEPARIS


URBAN CEMETERY

  • Found in Larger Cities

  • Public

  • May be run by the City or cemetery organization (usually)

  • City in Stones


SALT LAKE CITY


NOTTINGHAMGENERAL CEMETERY


OGDEN UTAH


OLD CALTON


PARK CITY UTAH


MEMORIAL PARK orLAWN – PARK CEMETERY

  • New, mostly post WWII

  • Flat stones

  • Grassy, easy to care for

  • Little writing; name, date of birth, date of death

  • Perhaps an identity tag like - Mother


THE FLAT STONE LOOK


MEMORIAL PARKBUSINESS LIKE


VETERERNS CEMETERY

  • Set aside for military veterans

  • Often includes family members

  • In some instances others might be buried there as well


MILITARY CEMETERY


NATIONAL CEMETERYHOT SPRINGS


ORDERLY AND IDENTICALHOT SPRINGS


CHURCH GRAVEYARDS

  • Associated with established churches

  • Buried inside and out

  • Consecrated ground


AN IRISH CEMETERYCLONMACNOISE


STAFFORD ON AVON


STAFFORD ON AVONCHURCH YARD


LOCATION OF JOHN LOCKE


HATHERSAGE CHURCH YARD


ST. ANDREWS CATHEDRAL


SAINT CUTHBERTSBURIAL GROUND


FAMILY BURIAL PLOTS

  • Most Often On Private Land

  • May include relatives and neighbors

  • Most common in South

  • Also found in the West

  • Frequently Lost


FAMILYBURIAL GROUNDS


YOUNG FAMILYDOWN TOWN SALT LAKE CITY


BRIGHAM YOUNGFAMILY


POTTER’S FIELD

  • To accommodate the poor

  • Unknown

  • Unwanted

  • Criminals

  • Suicides

  • Unwanted babies

  • Mass graves at times

  • No markers or temporary markers


HOT SPRINGS WY.


DEADWOOD S.D.


SPECIAL PURPOSE orDISASTER CEMETERIES

  • Often to handle overflow or

  • Health risk

  • Or emergencies

  • Such as plagues


CHOLERA BURIAL GROUNDSPECIAL USE


ST. JOHN’S GRAVEYARDIRELAND


EYAM PLAGUE TOWN


WYOMING STATE PRISONRAWLINGS


RAWLINGS WY.


JULESBURG #3MISSING


SIDNEY NEBRASKA


PET CEMETERY

  • Pets can’t be buried with people in most states

  • However, people can be buried with pets in most states


PET CEMETERYOGDEN UTAH


PAY ATTENTION TO SIGNS


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