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Chapter 4: Transitions in Family Life. Upstate. Marriage transition: What partners should know!. 1. Keep separate identities as well as create couple identity 2. Don’t expect partner to always make you happy 3. Love will not always come easily

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marriage transition what partners should know

Upstate

Marriage transition: What partners should know!

1. Keep separate identities as well as create couple identity

2. Don’t expect partner to always make you happy

3. Love will not always come easily

4. Will have disagreements that will be difficult to work through – perpetual issues

5.Your partner will not always put your love and relationship first.

mapping marital stages

Upstate

Mapping Marital Stages
  • Dym and Glenn
  • Mapped recognizable stages – what partners can expect
  • A ________ three stage cycle:
  • Expansion & _______
  • Contraction & _______
  • Resolution
slide4

Upstate

Stage One: E and P

  • Initial implicit contract - to be ______________________________
  • _________ and good feeling
  • Partners open up to each other
  • Feel accepted and loved
  • Enjoy new married status
  • You are experiencing ________ love.
slide5

Upstate

  • Glimpses of things to come
  • Partners note ________ characteristics in the other that they had not seen before
  • Make ______ (initial glimpse) into the next stage
  • At first forays quickly give way to feelings of expansion and promise.
slide6

Upstate

Stage Two: Contraction and Betrayal

  • Differences emerge that cannot be easily _________.
  • Forays more common
  • Positive feelings gradually gives way to ________ feelings - anger and disappointment
  • Couple passes a ________ - negative affect becomes the prevailing tone
  • Couples enter C and B.
slide7

Upstate

  • Partners note _________
  • How could …
  • Implicit contract seems _______
  • Disagreements
  • Try to change each other - usually fails
  • Revert back to ___________ patterns
  • Normal part of the couple development
  • “Other” self emerges – imperfect self
  • Must forge new relationship – more honest, more accepting
slide8

Upstate

Stage Three: Resolution

  • Compromise and negotiation
  • Must adjust - _______ undesirable characteristics
  • See both good and bad
  • Desire to work things out
  • A more _________ relationship emerges
  • Based on _________________________________ and greater maturity
  • Integrate (+) and (–): friendship, cooperation.
  • Home Base - a place where couple spends most of their ____
  • Cycles begin and end in Home Base stage
  • Another stage theory: Davis, p. 93-94.
transition parenthood the first child

Upstate

Transition: Parenthood - the first child

False Beliefs:

1) Being good parent – easy/natural

2) If you love your child, s/he will turn out all right

3) One best solution to child-rearing problems

4) Your children will appreciate what you do for them.

understanding the transition to parenthood

Upstate

UnderstandingtheTransitiontoParenthood
  • Becoming a Parent Project – Cowans
  • 96 couples from prebaby thru kindergarten
  • The Penn State Child and Family Development Project – Belsky
  • Followed 250 couples – prebaby to 3
  • ______ of couples went into severe decline
  • _____ - moderate decline
  • 30% - no change in marital satisfaction
  • 19% - improved marital satisfaction.
  • Gottman statement, p. 96-97: (40-70% decline)
slide11

Upstate

  • Having child produced changes in marriage

1. Communication

2. Emotional experiencing

3. Sexual relationship

4. Closeness

  • Natural polarizing effect that can no longer be minimized, p. 97
  • Calls attention to _________
  • Will couple be able to adjust & change
slide12

Upstate

  • Each spouse makes discoveries about the other - closer or further apart?
  • Can they work together as a cohesive team?
  • Studied 6 domains :
  • S___
  • ______ ideology
  • E_________
  • C____________
  • Expectations
  • _______ resolution. (20-30% increases after baby)
domain self

Upstate

Domain - Self
  • Women - value ________, p. 98-99.
  • Men – value ____________________
  • Man must be willing to surrender not just a portion of his independence, but nearly all of it, p. 98-99.
  • Must move away from ____ focus
  • and help with housework and with wife’s ________ life.
slide14

Upstate

  • Wife – value _________
  • Drawn to baby
  • Emotional experiencing dependent on what the baby does
  • Baby upset - increases tension and alarm
  • Desire to ____ and _______ increases
  • Difficult for couple to find _________.
slide15

Upstate

  • Can wife:
  • regulate ________ to provide husband with a measure of ___________________?
  • regulate her emotions to handle minor problems on her own?
  • Can husband:
  • give up some of ________
  • Become involved with mother and baby
  • Depends upon …____________________
slide16

Upstate

  • Security/self-confidence
  • Why this matters?
  • Insecure/secure husband & wife, p. 99
  • Examples:
  • Couples high on domain of self came through transition still feeling positive about relationship.
domain emotionality

Upstate

Domain - Emotionality
  • Mental energy - positives and negatives?
  • Predisposition to negative leads to worry - imagining the worst
  • Negative emotionality often leads to
  • The ______ effect
  • The __________ effect
  • How each partner responds influences the other
  • How the emotionality domain influences marriage?
domain communication

Upstate

Domain - Communication
  • The decline of quality communication
  • Couples talked less; talk less satisfying
  • New demands left little time
  • Baby focused talk
  • Decline in activities that promote intimacy
domain gender ideology

Upstate

Domain - Gender Ideology
  • Disagreements about division of labor

 wives still did more. Why? (p. 101, 108)

  • Baby is mom’s work
  • Men feel less _________; mom is ______
  • Fathers hesitancy gives over to mom’s competence
  • Dad can’t do it right
  • Research findings … p. 102.
domain conflict management

Upstate

Domain - Conflict Management
  • Conflicts postbaby increase 20-30%
  • Two unsuccessful approaches:

1) Avoiders could not tolerate heated conflict

2) Others let conflict spin out of control

  • Constructive fighters
  • Could compromise
  • Did not always have to win
  • Affection and high regard for each other kept conflict in control
  • Had deep affection for each other.
rearing children adolescents in a toxic world

Upstate

Rearing Children/Adolescents in a Toxic World
  • Garbarino’s toxic agents

1. Internet sites

2. Television/movies

3. The advertising culture – it’s not the quality of character, it’s things

4. Drugs

5. Portraying parents and the older generation as incompetent

6. Guns and violence.

slide22

Other changes make it harder to rear children

  • Shared family time has diminished
  • Ron Taffel – The Second Family
  • Children not getting what they want – _________ __________________
  • there is little ______ family time
  • What happened to adolescence?

 The Introduction Level, preschool, the “________” p.119

 The Exploration Level, elementary school, “the tyranny of the cool”- “gimmees” in full swing

 The Comfort Level –“t of c” loses power, find comfort zone

  • The Second Family = _________
  • The Lost Children of Rockdale County
  • What’s a Parent to Do?
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