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Russian Education of the Last Three Centuries. Elizabeth Kramer Liberty University. Nineteenth Century. Tsarist Abolitionism Nicholas I Indoctrination Autocracy Orthodoxy Nationalism Principles of Tsarist Autocracy Reverence for the Tsar Patriotism Socioeconomic status quo.

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Russian education of the last three centuries

Russian Education of the Last Three Centuries

Elizabeth Kramer

Liberty University


Nineteenth century
Nineteenth Century

  • Tsarist Abolitionism

    • Nicholas I

      • Indoctrination

        • Autocracy

        • Orthodoxy

        • Nationalism

    • Principles of Tsarist Autocracy

      • Reverence for the Tsar

      • Patriotism

      • Socioeconomic status quo


Nineteenth century1
Nineteenth Century

  • Alexander II

    • Nicholas’ son

    • Reform

      • Liberated Serfs

      • Zemstvo Schools

        • Compared to Parish Schools


Nineteenth century2
Nineteenth Century

  • Intelligentsia

    • A “Think-Tank” for Change

      • Teachers, Students, Writers, and Artists

      • Attempted to bring about change

  • Alexander Herzen (1812-1870)

    • Intelligentsias and theorist

    • Exile living in London

    • Wrote the Kolokol

      • Russian Enlightenment

  • Nicholas Chernyshevsky (1828-1889)

    • What Is to Be Done?


Nineteenth century3
Nineteenth Century

  • Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

    • War and Peace

    • Social Reform Based on Simplification

    • Yasnaya Polyana

    • Society of National Education

    • Educational Tour of

      France, Germany, and England


Nineteenth century4
Nineteenth Century

  • Alexander III (1827-1907)

    • Became Tsar in 1881

    • Ruled Russia like Nicholas I

      • Firm hand and Authoritarian

      • Tsarist Autocracy

        • Repress Criticism of Government

        • Police Power

        • Centralized Government

        • Propaganda

    • Konstantin Pobedonostev (1827-1907)

      • Chief Advisor

  • Tsarist Russia Falls


Twentieth century
Twentieth Century

  • The Soviet government and Communism

    • Nikolai Lenin (1870-1924)

      • Schools are a Weapon

      • Education is Not the Primary Concern

    • Working-Class Schools

      • Three Purposes

      • Separation of Church and School

    • Anatoli Lunacharski (1875-1933)

      • Unified Educational System

        • Workers School

          • Brigades

          • Western Philosophies


Twentieth century1
Twentieth Century

  • Joseph Stalin (1879-1953)

    • Eliminated the Lunacharski System of Education

    • Authoritarian Education Again

      • Basic Skills needed for trades

      • Fixed number of hours required

      • Methodical Direct Instruction

      • Texts were re-written and censored by

        Russian government

    • Post WWII Era

      • Push Socialist Ideals throughout

        Eastern Europe

      • Propaganda

      • Soviet Cultural Life


Twentieth and twenty first century
Twentieth and Twenty-First Century

  • Twentieth Century

    • Fall of Communism

      • Mikhail Gorbachav

        • Schools had to be a catalyst for change

          • Removed low standards and bureaucrat involvement in schools

        • Glasnost

        • Communism Falls in 1991

  • Twenty-First Century

    • Reform

      • New Kind of Teacher

      • New System

      • Globalization


References
References

Gutek, G. (1995). Russian Education. In A History of the Western Educational Experience (2nd ed., pp. 420-451). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, Inc.

Kholostova, T. (2007). Journal Of Education. Problems in Today's Russian Education System, 188(3), 63-73.

Matrosov, V. L. (2011). Russian Education & Society. The New School Teacher for the New Russian School, 53(11), 73-83.

Valkanova, Y. (2009). The Passion for Educating the “New Man”: Debates about Preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917–1925. History Of Education Quarterly, 49(2), 211-221. doi:10.1111/j.1748-5959.2009.00197.


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