Past perfect simple
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PAST PERFECT SIMPLE. WE FORM THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE WITH: HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE They had already arived She had seen UFOS before. USE:. When we are talking about the past , we sometimes want to refer back to an earlier past :

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PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

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Past perfect simple

PAST PERFECT SIMPLE

WE FORM THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE WITH:

HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE

Theyhadalreadyarived

Shehadseen UFOS before


Past perfect simple

USE:

  • Whenwe are talkingaboutthepast, wesometimeswanttorefer back toanearlierpast:

    EARLIER PAST PAST PRESENT

    When I telephonedSue,

    shehadgoneout

    WHEN I TELEPHONED SUE, SHE HAD GONE OUT

    (PAST)(EARLIER OPAST)


Past perfect simple

  • Wearrived at thecinema at 8.00, butthe film hadstartedat 7.30

  • When I spoketothewoman I realized I hadmethersomewherebefore.

    WE USE THE PAST PERFECT TO TALK ABOUT SOMETHING WHICH HAD HAPPENED BEFORE THE PAST TIME WE ARE THINKING ABOUT


Past perfect simple

EARLIER PASTPAST PRESENT

I HADN’T EATEN SO I WAS HUNGRY

THE TRAIN HAD LEFT WHEN WE ARRIVED

SHE HAD SOLVED THE PROBLEM BY THE TIME THE ASSISTANT GOT

TO THE OFFICE.


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