PAST PERFECT SIMPLE. WE FORM THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE WITH: HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE They had already arived She had seen UFOS before. USE:. When we are talking about the past , we sometimes want to refer back to an earlier past :
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PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
WE FORM THE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE WITH:
HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE
Shehadseen UFOS before
EARLIER PAST PAST PRESENT
When I telephonedSue,
WHEN I TELEPHONED SUE, SHE HAD GONE OUT
WE USE THE PAST PERFECT TO TALK ABOUT SOMETHING WHICH HAD HAPPENED BEFORE THE PAST TIME WE ARE THINKING ABOUT
EARLIER PASTPAST PRESENT
I HADN’T EATEN SO I WAS HUNGRY
THE TRAIN HAD LEFT WHEN WE ARRIVED
SHE HAD SOLVED THE PROBLEM BY THE TIME THE ASSISTANT GOT
TO THE OFFICE.