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DNA . DeoxyriboNucleic Acid. The Structure of DNA (DEOXYRIBOSE NUCLEIC ACID). A. DNA is a macromolecules called NUCLEIC ACIDS. The other type of molecule in this category is RNA. Remember….

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DNA

DeoxyriboNucleic Acid


The structure of dna deoxyribose nucleic acid
The Structure of DNA (DEOXYRIBOSE NUCLEIC ACID)

  • A. DNA is a macromolecules called NUCLEIC ACIDS. The other type of molecule in this category is RNA.


Remember
Remember…

  • Since DNA is a macromolecule (POLYMER), it is really made of many (in this case billions) smaller molecules (MONOMERS!) put together. The DNA monomer is the individual NUCLEOTIDE.


Nucleotide
Nucleotide

  • A single piece of the DNA strand

  • Made of 3 parts

    • Deoxyribose (sugar)

    • Phosphate

    • Base (A,G,C or T)


Dna nucleotides
 DNA Nucleotides

Purines

Pyrimidines

Adenine

Guanine

Cytosine

Thymine

Deoxyribose

Phosphate group


The backbone of 1 strand
The backbone of 1 strand

  • Alternates between the sugar (deoxyribose) and the phosphate group

  • The base sticks out into the middle


Double stranded
Double-Stranded

  • The bases hydrogen bond with each other to hold the strands together

  • The base from one strand bonds with the base from the other forming a complementary base pair

    a. ADENINE bonds with THYMINE

    b. GUANINE bonds with CYTOSINE

  • They coil into a double-helix


Figure 12 7 structure of dna

Section 12-1

Figure 12–7 Structure of DNA

Nucleotide

Hydrogen bonds

Sugar-phosphate backbone

Key

Adenine (A)

Thymine (T)

Cytosine (C)

Guanine (G)


Dna structure
DNA Structure

  • Theorized to be a double helix consisting of 2 strands wrapped around each other

  • Discovered by Watson and Crick AND Rosalind Franklin


Rosalind franklin
Rosalind Franklin

  • Provided the scientific evidence that allowed Watson and Crick to suggest the double helix

  • But often does not receive credit and since she had died – couldn’t share in the Nobel prize



The structure of rna
The Structure of RNA

A. RNA is made of a SINGLE strand of NUCLEOTIDES. Each of these is composed of:

1. NITROGENOUS BASE

2. SUGAR (RIBOSE)

3. PHOSPHATE

i. RNA also has 4 possible nitrogen bases BUT instead of thymine, RNA has a nitrogen base called URACIL.


What you should know about dna structure
What You Should Know about DNA structure

  • The basic structure of a nucleotide

  • The basic structure of DNA

  • How DNA and RNA differ

  • Base-pair rules

  • How the structure suggests a replication method


Genetic disorder projects
Genetic disorder projects

  • Find 4 people to work with then find a computer and log on.

  • Once you have your disease start researching it.

  • Before you leave: Divvy up the work AND SHARE EMAIL & phone numbers so you can contact each other.

  • Next class you have time to work on the project. Your HW is prepare for this time together as it is the ONLY class time you will be given. Have your portion COMPLETE!!!

  • The final project MUST BE EMAILED TO ME by:

  • A day- 2/24 9:30 pm

  • B day- 2/25 9:30 pm


2 21 2 24
2/21-2/24

  • DNA Jewelry (~45 minutes)

  • Genetic presentation project (~40 minutes)

  • HW: final presentation due to my email

    • A day- 2/24 9:30 pm

    • B day- 2/25 9:30 pm


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