Apostrophe and hyphen
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Apostrophe and Hyphen PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 159 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Apostrophe and Hyphen. Apostrophe. Three uses of the apostrophe: To show possession (ownership) To show plural forms To show where letters or numbers have been omitted. Apostrophe - Possession. Singular nouns Nouns not ending in s , add an apostrophe and s. bone of the dog = dog’s bone

Download Presentation

Apostrophe and Hyphen

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Apostrophe and hyphen

Apostrophe and Hyphen


Apostrophe

Apostrophe

  • Three uses of the apostrophe:

    • To show possession (ownership)

    • To show plural forms

    • To show where letters or numbers have been omitted


Apostrophe possession

Apostrophe - Possession

  • Singular nouns

    • Nouns not ending in s, add an apostrophe and s.

      • bone of the dog = dog’s bone

      • laptop of the student = student’s laptop

    • Nouns ending in s, add and apostrophe and s.

      • toy of James = James’s toy

      • appointment of the boss = boss’s appointment

    • Noun of more than one syllable, add apostrophe alone.

      • testimony of the witness = witness’ testimony

      • staff of Moses = Moses’ staff


Apostrophe possession1

Apostrophe - Possession

  • Plural Nouns

    • Nouns ending in s, add apostrophe

      • battle plans of the armies = armies’ battle plans

      • notes of the reporters = reporters’ notes

    • Nouns not ending is s, add apostrophe and s

      • clothing of the men = men’s clothing

      • toys of the children = children’s toys

    • Possessive personal pronouns (his, hers, theirs, ours, yours)and relative pronoun (whose) do not require an apostrophe.


Apostrophe possession2

Apostrophe - Possession

  • Possessive personal pronouns (his, hers, theirs, ours, yours)and relative pronoun (whose) do not require an apostrophe.

    • This sandwich is yours. The pizza is theirs.

    • Whose books did you borrow?

  • Indefinite Pronouns (one, everyone, everybody, someone, somebody, etc.) require an apostrophe and s.

    • This job is somebody’s responsibility.

    • One’s college decision is an important one.


Apostrophe possession3

Apostrophe - Possession

  • Hyphenated words, names of organization, business firms, words showing joint possession – add apostrophe and s to last word

    • sister-in-law’s recipe

    • American Cancer Society’s telethon

    • Ben and Jerry’s ice cream

    • Tim and Tom’s dog


Apostrophe possession4

Apostrophe - Possession

  • When two or more persons possess something individually, add an apostrophe and s to both names

    • Joe’s and Steve’s paper routes

    • buyer’s and seller’s signatures

  • Words like minute, hour, day, week, month, year, etc. and words that indicate amounts in cents or dollars used as possessive adjectives require apostrophes.

    • week’s delays, four weeks’ delay

    • one cent’s worth, ten cents’ worth

    • one dollar’s worth, five dollars’ worth


Apostrophe plural forms

Apostrophe – Plural Forms

  • Use apostrophe and s to form the plural of numbers, letters, and signs, and of words referred to as words


Hyphen

Hyphen

  • Two functions

    • To divide words at the end of a line

    • To form compounds


Hyphen dividing words

Hyphen – dividing words

  • Use hyphen to divide a word at the end of a written or typed line. A word must always be divided between syllables.

    • Wrong: When he spoke to me , it was obv-

      ious that he didn’t recognize me.

      Right: When he spoke to me, it was ob-

      vious that he didn’t recognize me.


Hyphens forming compounds

Hyphens - forming compounds

  • Use a hyphen with compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine and with fractions used as adjectives.

    • Fine hundred and forty-five

    • Three-quarters-length stockings

    • A two-thirds majority

    • ( two thirds of the voters – two modifying thirds)


Hyphens forming compounds1

Hyphens -- forming compounds

  • Use hyphens with prefixes ex-, self-, all-, and with suffix –elect, and with all prefixes before a proper noun or proper adjective

    • ex-championmid-September

    • self-confidencetrans-Canadian

    • mayor-electpre-Renaissance


Hyphens forming compounds2

Hyphens -- forming compounds

  • Hyphenate a compound adjective when it precedes the word it modifies (two words become a single modifier)

    • the well-known actor (The actor is well known.)

    • the soft-spoken woman (The woman is soft spoken.)

    • a best-selling novel (The novel is best selling.)


Hyphens forming compounds3

Hyphens -- forming compounds

  • Use hyphen to prevent confusion or awkwardness.

    semi-invalid rather than semiinvalid

    co-operation rather than cooperation

    re-form a line rather than reform a line

    re-mark the papers rather than remark the papers


Sources

Sources

Hairston, Maxine and John J. Ruszkiewicz. The Scott Foresman Handbook for Writers.Scott, Foresman and Company: Glenview. 1988. Print

Rozakis, Laurie E., Ph.D. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Grammar and Style. Second Edition. USA: Alpha. 2003. Print

Warriner, John. Warriner’s English Grammar and Composition: Fifth Course. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1982. Print.


  • Login