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FAASTeam CFI Workshop 8. Module 8, Core Topics 15:. Pilot Deviations Including Runway Incursions. FAASTeam CFI Workshop 8. Module 8 – Core Topic 15 Pilot Deviations, Including Runway Incursions:

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Faasteam cfi workshop 8

FAASTeam CFI Workshop 8

Module 8, Core Topics 15:

Pilot Deviations Including Runway Incursions


Faasteam cfi workshop 81
FAASTeam CFI Workshop 8

Module 8 – Core Topic 15

Pilot Deviations, Including Runway Incursions:

  • Educate your students to recognize the potential for Pilot Deviations during all Areas of Operation

  • Create and demonstrate situations that will enable students to experience various types of Pilot Deviations first hand in the training environment.

  • Teach and practice strategies to mitigate Pilot Deviations dependant on distractions and/or cockpit confusion.

    Are all of your students registered at FAASafety.gov?


Runway incursion challenge
Runway Incursion Challenge

58 million landings and takeoffs last year *

Thousands of runway crossings per day!

Human error is a certainty

Technology has limitations

Causes – Consequences are global in nature

Source: * FAA Runway Safety Fact Sheet


Pilots are very confident by nature and by culture
Pilots are Very Confident by Nature and by Culture

  • I’m a professional!

  • I’ve trained hard and long for this!

  • I’ve done it thousands of times!

  • I’m current and very proficient!

  • What could possibly go wrong???


What can you do to reduce runway incursions
What can you do to reduce runway incursions?

  • Plan your surface operations

  • Employ cockpit discipline

  • Understand taxi procedures

  • Make proper use of aircraft lights

  • Use proper communication techniques

  • Understand/recognize airport signs and markings

  • STAY ALERT – Look both ways prior to crossing any runways!


Planning surface operations
Planning Surface Operations

  • Pre plan taxi routes at departure and destination airports

  • Ensure you have an accurate, up to date airport diagram available

  • Review NOTAM’s and ATIS for possible construction impacts – rwy/twy closures

  • Look for “hot spots”

    • Jeppesen airport diagrams – FAA charts



Cockpit discipline
Cockpit Discipline selection.

  • Minimize distractions during critical phases

    • Taxi for takeoff is where majority of RIs occur

    • Delay checklists until off the runway

  • Recognize when you need to have “heads up”

    • Any time the plane is moving but…

    • Especially when approaching a runway or an intersecting taxiway

  • Write down taxi routes and clearances

    • From RIIEP – 72% of pilots who had incursion DID NOT

  • Use the airport diagram during taxi

    • From RIIEP – 47% of pilots who had Rwy inc DID NOT

  • Verbalize critical instructions to other crewmembers

    • Hold Short or Crossing instructions



  • TFR – Temporary Flight Restriction selection.

  • SFRA – Special Flight Rules Area

  • MOA – Military Operations Area

  • ADIZ – Air Defense Identification Zone

  • Prohibited – From the surface to defined limit

  • Alert – Informs of a high volume of aerial activity

  • Warning – Areas 3 NM beyond the US coast, possible hazardous activity



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FAASTeam CFI Workshop 8 selection.

Module 8, Core Topic #15

Questions?

Comments?

Ideas?

Quiz time ~


1. The before take-off checklist should be completed while taxing.

a. True

b. False

2. At a controlled airport, if you are unsure of where to taxi after landing, you should

a. Consult your taxi chart

b. Ask ATC

c. Ask you co-pilot or passenger

d. Taxi around until you find your destination on the airport.


3. True or False; As of June 2010, Runway Incursions are on a “downward” trend.

4. Should the pilot read-back “all” takeoff and landing clearances, including the runway designator??

5. Only “read-back” an ATC clearance when on an “IFR” flight plan. True or False?


6. Which of the following areas are major contributors to Pilot Deviations in general?

a. Communications

b. Airport Knowledge

c. Cockpit procedures for maintaining orientation

d. Distraction

e. All of the above

Answers Follow –


1. The before take-off checklist should be completed while taxing.

a. True

b. False

b. False - Airplane Flying Handbook

2. At a controlled airport, if you are unsure of where to taxi after landing, you should

a. Consult your taxi chart

b. Ask ATC

c. Ask you co-pilot or passenger

d. Taxi around until you find your destination on the airport.

b. Ask ATC - Airplane Flying Handbook


3. True or False; As of June 2010, Runway Incursions are on a “downward” trend.

True, RI’s so far during FY 2010 have decreased slightly - Office of Runway Safety; FAA.

4. Should the pilot read-back “all” takeoff and landing clearances, including the runway designator??

“YES” – FAA, Office of Runway Safety.

5. Only “read-back” an ATC clearance when on an “IFR” flight plan. True or False?

“False’ – AIM, Section 5 and Airplane Flying Handbook


6. Which of the following areas are major contributors to Pilot Deviations in general?

a. Communications

b. Airport Knowledge

c. Cockpit procedures for maintaining orientation

d. Distraction

e. All of the above

e. All of the above - Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3A) page 1-5


This Completes Pilot Deviations in general?CFI Workshop Module 8

AND

The First CFI Workshop Series

CONGRATULATIONS!

Be sure to have your attendance record validated!


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FAASTeam CFI Workshop # 8 Pilot Deviations in general?

Take a Break!


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