Chapter 5 protestant churches and the mission mind
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CHAPTER 5: Protestant Churches and the Mission Mind. American Experience of Time. Past = restorationism Present =perfectionism Future = millennialism, discovery & progress. Mission Mind. America as God’s new chosen people Great Commission: Matthew 28:19 conversions & revivals.

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CHAPTER 5: Protestant Churches and the Mission Mind

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Chapter 5 protestant churches and the mission mind

CHAPTER 5: Protestant Churches and the Mission Mind


American experience of time

American Experience of Time

  • Past = restorationism

  • Present =perfectionism

  • Future = millennialism, discovery & progress


Mission mind

Mission Mind

  • America as God’s new chosen people

  • Great Commission: Matthew 28:19

  • conversions & revivals

  • “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost”


1 st great awakening 1726 1760

1st Great Awakening ~1726-1760

  • Jonathan Edwards

    • sensationalism

    • “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

  • George Whitefield

    • itinerant, spontaneous, open-air preaching


2 nd great awakening 1800 1830

2nd Great Awakening ~1800-1830

  • Timothy Dwight at Yale College

  • “Great Revival”

    • Western camp meetings

  • Charles Grandison Finney

    • Burnt Over District

    • “new measures”


Urban revivals 1870s

Urban Revivals, 1870s

  • Dwight Moody

    • business judgment

    • advertisement of revivals

  • Ira Sankey

    • gospel singer


20 th century revivalism

20th-Century Revivalism

  • Billy Sunday

  • Billy Graham

    • radio, film, television

  • Pentecostal revivals

    • Azusa Street

    • “Toronto Blessing”


Institutionalizing the mission mind

Institutionalizing the Mission Mind

  • voluntary societies

    • missions

    • Bible societies

  • Methodist methods

    • circuit riders

    • general conferences


Mission mind restorationism

Mission Mind & Restorationism

  • Disciples of Christ

  • Baptist “Landmark” movement

  • antimission movement


Roots of fundamentalism

Roots of Fundamentalism

  • premillennial dispensationalism

    • John Nelson Darby’s version

  • Princeton Theology

    • Christian rationalism

    • literal approach to the Bible


Fundamentalism

Fundamentalism

  • militant antimodernism

  • The Fundamentals

    • biblical inerrancy & literalism

    • divinity of Jesus

    • virgin birth of Jesus

    • atonement through crucifixion

    • Resurrection & 2nd coming of Jesus


Holiness pentecostal movement

Holiness-Pentecostal Movement

  • sanctification as 2nd blessing

  • gifts of Holy Spirit

    • speaking in tongues

    • prayer

    • prophecy

    • healing


Pentecostal developments

Pentecostal Developments

  • Parham’s Bethel Bible College

  • Azusa Street Revival (1906-1909)

  • Pentecostal denominations

    • COGIC

    • Pentecostal Holiness Church

    • Assemblies of God

    • Foursquare Gospel


Interactions with native americans

Interactions with Native Americans

  • New England “praying towns”

    • John Eliot

    • translation of Bible

  • Indian Removal policy

  • postmillennial beliefs

    • native conversions to bring on the millennium


Missions to african american slaves

Missions to African American Slaves

  • early debate:

    • fear that conversion = freedom

    • focus on conversion = obedience

  • Baptists & Methodists


Mission to the world

Mission to the World

  • ABCFM (1810)

    • Burma, India, Ceylon

  • denominational mission boards

    • “civilizing” debate

  • faith missions

    • China Inland Mission (1865)


Foreign missions post 1865

Foreign Missions, Post-1865

  • Student Volunteer Movement

  • Laymen’s Missionary Movement

    • support from the business community

  • Hocking Report (1932)

  • conservative evangelical missions


Overview

OVERVIEW

  • revivals & awakenings

  • Methodists & Baptists

  • Pentecostals & Fundamentalists

  • restorationism & millennialism

  • home & foreign missions


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