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Lead Exposure and Toxicity in Children. By Theresa Baker Walden University Student Project July 7, 2009. What is Lead?. Abundant Heavy Metal Highly Toxic Used in a variety of components including Refineries Paint Ceramics Pipes Solders Gasoline Batteries Cosmetics.

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Lead Exposure and Toxicity in Children

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Lead exposure and toxicity in children
Lead Exposure and Toxicity in Children

By Theresa Baker

Walden University Student Project

July 7, 2009


What is lead
What is Lead?

  • Abundant Heavy Metal

  • Highly Toxic

  • Used in a variety of components including

    • Refineries

    • Paint

    • Ceramics

    • Pipes

    • Solders

    • Gasoline

    • Batteries

    • Cosmetics



Lead poisoning affects 890 000 us children age 1 5
Lead poisoning affects890,000 US children Age 1-5

http:// kids.niehs.nih.gov/lead.htm


Why is lead dangerous to children
Why is Lead Dangerous to Children?

  • Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths

  • Babies crawl on contaminated floors

  • Growing bodies absorb more lead

  • Child brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead





Signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms

  • Headaches

  • Muscle and joint weakness or pain

  • Excessive tiredness

  • Irritability

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Decreased appetite

  • Metallic taste in the mouth

  • Abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting

  • Constipation

  • http://kids.niehs.nih.gov/lead.htm


Effects of long term exposure
Effects of Long Term Exposure

  • Nervous system damage and Stroke

  • Learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, and decreased intelligence

  • Speech, language, and behavior problems

  • Mental Retardation

  • Poor muscle coordination

  • Decreased muscle and bone growth

  • Hearing damage

  • Kidney and Heart Disease

    http://www.epa.gov/oppt/lead/pubs/leadrev.pdf


Exposure to high levels of lead
Exposure to High Levels of Lead

  • seizures

  • unconsciousness

  • death


The effects of lead can be permanent and irreversible
The Effects of Lead can be Permanent and Irreversible

http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/lead/prevent_child.shtml




How do i prevent lead exposure
How Do I Prevent Lead Exposure?

  • Contact the National Lead Information Center

    • Email to: hotline.lead@epamail.epa.gov

    • http://www.epa.gov/oppt/lead/pubs/nlic.htm

    • 800-424-LEAD (5323) (Voice - Toll-free)

  • Test home for lead using professionals

    • Risk Assessment test

    • Visual test

    • Portable fluoresce X-ray

    • Lab tests of paint and water samples

    • Surface dust tests

  • Let the professionals remove the lead source


Lead exposure and toxicity in children

PREVENTION

IS THE

KEY


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