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Literary Terms . PPACTS Review. PLOT. Plot is the storyline or series of events in a story (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution). At the heart of any plot is CONFLICT -the struggle between opposing forces or characters that create the dynamic tension in a work.

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literary terms

Literary Terms

PPACTS

Review

slide2
PLOT
  • Plot is the storyline or series of events in a story (exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution).
  • At the heart of any plot is CONFLICT-the struggle between opposing forces or characters that create the dynamic tension in a work.
  • Types of Conflict: human v. human, human v. self, human v. nature, human v. supernatural.
perspective
Perspective

The point of view from which a story is told.

A story may have a bias (also known as a slant) which influences the reader.

  • 1st Person – When the story is narrated by a character in the 1st person using personal pronouns. For e.g. “I, We”.
  • 2nd Person- When the narrator speaks directly to the reader. For e.g. ‘You’.
perspective con t
Perspective Con’t.
  • 3rd Person limited Omniscient- the narrator tells the story from an all-knowing point of view but is involved in the story somehow.
  • This type of narration is ALWAYS biased.
  • 3rd Person Omniscient-

The narrator tells the story from

An all-knowing pov and is NOT

related to the story (not in story).

atmosphere
Atmosphere
  • The mood of the story is created by the setting, plot events, and emotions of the characters.
  • Also referred to as tone.
  • Sample tone words: bleak, cheerful, happy, euphoric, dreamy, elated, ironic, joyful, peaceful, light hearted, romantic, sardonic, satiric, serious, threatening, vicious etc.
character
Character
  • The main or minor characters propel the story forward. They always experience a conflict (personal, physical or psychological).

Character is revealed by:

  • What the character says, does (actions), feels, and believes in
  • What the narrator says about the character
character con t
Character Con`t.
  • What other characters say about the character
  • How they are helped by other characters and how they help themselves
  • Characters are static (flat)

or dynamic (round)

  • Protagonist = Main character
  • Antagonist = opposes

Protagonist

theme
Theme
  • Brainstorm subjects (e.g. innocence is a subject)
  • Theme is what the author is saying about a particular subject or topic in the work.
  • The theme generally states the transition the character experiences, often as a result of the conflict he or she has overcome.

e.g. The journey from childhood innocence to adulthood is difficult yet meaningful.

setting
Setting
  • The time and place in which a story

takes place.

The 3 elements of setting are:

  • Time – of day (e.g. afternoon), the future, medieval times etc.
  • Place - e.g. city, country, kitchen, on a ship etc.
  • Environment – weather, society, noise level etc.
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