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Revelation in History and Law. Categorization of First Testament Scripture. Law and History Texts. First five books of the Bible/Torah (Pentateuch) outline the Law Law meaning “Something laid down, fixed” Historical texts Ancestry of the Hebrews. Law. Centres around Covenant

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law and history texts
Law and History Texts
  • First five books of the Bible/Torah (Pentateuch) outline the Law
  • Law meaning “Something laid down, fixed”
  • Historical texts
  • Ancestry of the Hebrews
slide4
Law
  • Centres around Covenant
  • Basis of society
  • Law points to highest values (constitution)
  • Point to relationship with God

Without laws, Canada would cease being a sovereign, democratic, capitalist, parliamentary-democracy. Laws, therefore, establish who and what we are.

god of the covenant
God of the Covenant
  • Covenant comes from Hebrew Berit (literally, to shackle)
  • Different kinds of Covenants
    • Friendship
    • Contract
    • Peace Treaty
    • Marriage
    • Treaty between Kings
    • Lord and Vassal

Above: Friendship Covenant

Below: Master-Servant Covenant

law of god
Law of God
  • Decalogue (Exod. 20)
  • The Covenant Code (Exod. 21-23)
    • Casuistic Laws (Case-by-case scenarios)
    • Laws originating from rural economy (not nomadic)
  • Deuteronomist Code (Deut. 12-26)
    • Laws originating from urban monarchy
    • Laws from king, how to conduct war, how to determine who is a real prophet
  • The Holiness Code (Lev. 17-26)
    • Laws for Priests

Nothing symbolizes law better than the ravenous characters of Boston Legal

history covered in first testament
History Covered in First Testament
  • Over 2000 years of history covered
  • Extends as far back as 4000 BCE (time of Abraham)
  • Formation of Israel
  • Israel situated between main powers of the Middle East
  • Constantly being conquered and re-conquered
god intervenes in history
God Intervenes in History
  • Prophets
  • Messiah Figures
  • Nature
atonement
Atonement
  • Sacrifice and ritualistic purification
  • Innocent blood offered up
  • Establishes right relationship with God
  • Receive worldly blessings
  • Shift in 6th century BCE
  • Development of afterlife
national identity
National Identity
  • Zionism
  • A light to the nations
  • God physically present in the Temple
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