Focus #2 8-26-08 pg. 86 (map). 1. What is the title of the map? 2. Where did all of these civilizations begin around? 3. pg. 80-84 Name three categories or elements of culture. 4. (Yes or No) Can different cultures have things in common?. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Chapter 16 Section 1.
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Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt
Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River.
Today, this area is
located in Iraq.
Why would people want to settle in between two rivers?
was part of the
region known as
the Fertile Crescent.
1.Known for rich soil
2.good for farming 3.irrigation
4.easy transportation 5. protection
The earliest city-states arose in an area called Sumer.
The Sumerians grew wealthy from trade.
Sumerians invented the wheel and sailboat.
Religion was based on polytheism.
At first, each city-state was a theocracy.
Code was a law.
“An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”
Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt the city of Babylon and made it a center of trade and culture.
Babylon was known for its “hanging gardens.”
Phoenicians were important traders of Mesopotamia.
They formed an alphabet that represented the sound of language.
Narmer, a king of Upper Egypt, conquered Lower Egypt and united the two of them.
Narmer had the title of pharaoh.
Egypt was a theocracy.
Egyptians believed in many gods and godesses. Each stood for some part of nature.
The most important were the sun god Re, the river god Hapi, and the sky god Horus.
The Hyksos ruled Egypt for 150 years. They taught the Egyptians to use bronze and iron weapons and horse-drawn chariots.
With the new technology, Egypt was able to trade in more places.
The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphics.
They carved and painted hieroglyphic characters on their monuments or on papyrus.
They used a number system based on ten.
They were the first to use splints, bandages, and compresses.