Focus #2 8-26-08 pg. 86 (map). 1. What is the title of the map? 2. Where did all of these civilizations begin around? 3. pg. 80-84 Name three categories or elements of culture. 4. (Yes or No) Can different cultures have things in common?. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Chapter 16 Section 1.
Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River.
Today, this area is
located in Iraq.
Why would people want to settle in between two rivers?Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia Euphrates River.
was part of the
region known as
the Fertile Crescent.
1.Known for rich soil
2.good for farming 3.irrigation
4.easy transportation 5. protectionMesopotamia
The earliest Euphrates River. city-states arose in an area called Sumer.
The Sumerians grew wealthy from trade.
Sumerians invented the wheel and sailboat.Sumer
Religion was based on Euphrates River. polytheism.
At first, each city-state was a theocracy.Religion and Government
Code was a law. Euphrates River.
“An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”Hammurabi’s Code
Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt the city of Babylon and made it a center of trade and culture.
Babylon was known for its “hanging gardens.”A New Babylon
Phoenicians were important traders of Mesopotamia. center of trade and culture.
They formed an alphabet that represented the sound of language.Phoenicians
Narmer, a king of Upper Egypt, conquered Lower Egypt and united the two of them.
Narmer had the title of pharaoh.
Egypt was a theocracy.The Pharaoh
Egyptians believed in many gods and godesses. Each stood for some part of nature.
The most important were the sun god Re, the river god Hapi, and the sky god Horus.Religion
The Hyksos ruled Egypt for 150 years. They taught the Egyptians to use bronze and iron weapons and horse-drawn chariots.
With the new technology, Egypt was able to trade in more places.Trade and Conquest
The ancient Egyptians used Egyptians to use bronze and iron weapons and horse-drawn chariots.hieroglyphics.
They carved and painted hieroglyphic characters on their monuments or on papyrus.Egyptian Writing
They used a number system based on ten. Egyptians to use bronze and iron weapons and horse-drawn chariots.
They were the first to use splints, bandages, and compresses.Mathematics and Medicine