Aircraft Cargo Compartment Fire Detection. David Blake FAA William J. Hughes Technical Center Atlantic City Airport, NJ. 08405 Phone: 609-485-4525 Email: Dave.Blake@tc.faa.gov. Federal Aviation Regulation Part 25.858 Cargo compartment fire detection systems.
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Aircraft Cargo Compartment Fire Detection
FAA William J. Hughes Technical Center
Atlantic City Airport, NJ. 08405
Federal Aviation Regulation
Part 25.858 Cargo compartment fire detection systems.
If certification with cargo compartment fire detection provisions is requested, the following must be met for each cargo compartment with those provisions:
(a) The detection system must provide a visual indication to the flight crew within one minute after the start of a fire.
(b) The system must be capable of detecting a fire at a temperature significantly below that at which the structural integrity of the airplane is substantially decreased.
(c) There must be means to allow the crew to check in flight, the functioning of each fire detector circuit.
(d) The effectiveness of the detection system must be shown for all approved operating configurations and conditions.
FAA Technical Standard Order (TSO) C1c
Cargo Compartment Fire Detection Instruments
References a Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), Aerospace Standard AS 8036
Type I: Carbon Monoxide, Alarm level 200 +/- 50 ppm.
Type II: Photoelectric, Alarm level 60-96% light transmission/foot.
Type IV: Ionization, Alarm level 60-96% light transmission/foot.
Environmental Exposure Tests: High and Low Temperature, Humidity, Altitude, and Vibration.
False Alarm Signals.
“No alarm shall occur from normal air velocities present at instrument location.”
“No alarm shall occur as a result of normal dust and haze present at instrument location.”
FAA Advisory Circular 25-9A
Smoke Detection, Penetration, and Evacuation Tests and Related Flight Manual Emergency Procedures.
“The smoke detection test is designed to demonstrate that the smoke detector installation will detect a smoldering fire producing a small amount of smoke.”
707 Forward Cargo Compartment
910 cubic feet
Smoldering Fire Source
Flaming Fire Source
FTIR Gas Analysis, Heat Release Rate (Oxygen Consumption)