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The PFC concept is:. Based on the fact that systems need to be functional before they can produce aquatic or riparian values – or desired conditions. Desired Future Conditions. Current Conditions. PFC. Desired Future Conditions. Current Conditions. Why PFC (Prichard et al. 1998)?.

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The pfc concept is

The PFC concept is:

  • Based on the fact that systems need to be functional before they can produce aquatic or riparian values – or desired conditions


The pfc concept is

Desired Future Conditions

Current Conditions


The pfc concept is

PFC

Desired Future Conditions

Current Conditions


Why pfc prichard et al 1998

Why PFC (Prichard et al. 1998)?

  • PFC Provides necessary broad scale perspective

  • Triage: Assign priority order to projects where resources can be best used, are most needed, or are most likely to achieve success

    • Focus on FAR reaches w/high values (to avoid loss of function & values)

    • Focus management & monitoring to on “no answers”

  • Appropriate time for experienced IDT to locate representative DMAs


Why pfc

WHY PFC?

  • Broad scale assessments provide landscape scale overview of existing conditions…

  • define the scope of the issues/problem…

  • develop solutions that become alternatives)…

  • Focusing on physical functioning helps communicate among stakeholders


The pfc concept is

Step 1: Assess riparian resource function using PFC

Identify assessment area and assemble an ID team

Review existing information and delineate and stratify reaches

Determine reach potential

Complete PFC assessment (validate with monitoring data if necessary)

Integrated Riparian Management


The pfc concept is

Step 1: Assess riparian resource function using PFC

Step 2: Identify riparian resource values and complete additional assessments

Step 3: Identify issues, goals, actions and priorities and establish objectives

Identify issues, goals, actions, and priorities

Collect baseline data and establish or modify existing objectives

Step 4: Design and implement management and restoration actions

Monitor Adaptive Actions

Step 5:Monitor and analyze effectiveness of actions and update resource condition ratings (PFC)

Modify Objectives if Necessary

Step 6: Implement adaptive actions


Degradation rates

Degradation Rates


Recovery rates non functional

Recovery RatesNon-Functional


The pfc concept is

Bear Creek May 1977


The pfc concept is

Bear Creek Sept 1997

20 years


The pfc concept is

Difference in Air & Water Temperatures

Bear Creek - Central Oregon

1976

100

80

Air

60

Water

Difference

40

Temperature (Degrees F)

20

0

-20

-40

12-Aug

16-Aug

20-Aug

24-Aug

28-Aug

8-Aug

Date


The pfc concept is

Difference in Air & Water Temperatures

Bear Creek - Central Oregon

1998

120

Air

100

Water

Difference

80

Temperature Degrees F

60

40

20

0

7-Aug

11-Aug

23-Aug

27-Aug

19-Aug

15-Aug

31-Aug

Date


The pfc concept is

Bear Creek (3.5 Miles)

Data from C. Rasmussen (1996) and W. Elmore


The pfc concept is

  • Management needs change

  • Continue what works

  • Focus on risks:

    • Trampling - season of use

    • Weak plants - duration of use

    • Up or Downstream - water, sediment, ___?

  • Focus on recovery:

    • Willows - season of use, rest

    • Sedges - rotation, duration

  • F. Continue what works


Good resource objectives

Good Resource Objectives

Describe the continuing resource attributes

to be achieved by management

Achievable,

Measurable,

Worthy


Objectives should be

Objectives should Be:

Specific –What will be achieved, where, and when

Measurable –With recognized monitoring methods

Achievable – With likely management

Realistic – Within the timeframe and budget

Trackable – Within law, policy, plans, and issues


A management chain reaction

A Management Chain Reaction

  • Rotation grazing for three weeks (or other strategy) leads to

  • A four inch stubble height and 85% growing season recovery leads to

  • An increase in colonizers leads to

  • Deposition there of fine sediments leads to

  • An increase in stabilizers leads to

  • Narrowing a stream leads to

  • Increased floodplain access & aquifer recharge leads to

  • Improved base flow leads to

  • Improved water and habitat quality leads to

  • Increased fish populations leads to

  • Increased recreationist satisfaction

  • So, which of these provides the best focus for an objective?


A management chain reaction where is the objective

A Management Chain ReactionWhere is the objective?

Efficiently

Monitored

Actions or tools

  • Rotation grazing

  • A four inch stubble height

  • and 85% growing season recovery

  • An increase in colonizers

  • Deposition there of fine sediments

  • An increase in stabilizers

  • Narrowing a stream

  • Increased floodplain access & aquifer recharge

  • Improved base flow etc.

  • Improved habitat quality

  • Improved water quality

  • Increased fish populations

  • Increased recreationist satisfaction

Efficiently

Monitored (MIM)

Objectives

PFC

Values

(difficult to monitor)


The pfc concept is

Objectives should be quantified for a specific location using baseline data and experienceFor example:

  • At the Designated Monitoring Area 2 on Bear Camp Creek:

    • Increase colonizers by X %

    • Increase stabilizers by Y %

    • Narrow the greenline to greenline width by Z %


The pfc concept is

Match Objectives to Planning Timeline

ANNUAL

= End-of-season condition

INDICATORS OF

  • residual vegetation

  • bank alteration

  • Recovery period

T

e.g.

MANAGEMENT

3 - 5 - YEARS

I

= Vegetative

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • greenline

M

RECOVERY

=Vegetative/Physical

5 - 10 YEARS

E

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • X-section composition

  • Woody recruitment

  • Greenline to Greenline

    Width

  • Bank Stability

RECOVERY

DECADES

=Water and Habitat Quality

INDICATORS OF

  • Temp

  • Pools

e.g.

RECOVERY


The pfc concept is

Match Objectives to Planning Timeline

ANNUAL

= End-of-season condition

INDICATORS OF

  • residual vegetation

  • bank alteration

  • Recovery period

T

e.g.

MANAGEMENT

3 - 5 - YEARS

I

= Vegetative

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • Greenline composition

M

RECOVERY

= Vegetative/Physical

5 - 10 YEARS

E

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • X-section composition

  • Woody recruitment

  • Greenline to Greenline

    Width

  • Bank Stability

RECOVERY

DECADES

= Water and Habitat Quality

INDICATORS OF

  • Temp

  • pools

e.g.

RECOVERY


The pfc concept is

Match Objectives to Planning Timeline

ANNUAL

= End-of-season condition

INDICATORS OF

  • residual vegetation

  • bank alteration

  • Recovery period

T

e.g.

MANAGEMENT

3 – 5+ - YEARS

I

= Vegetative

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • Greenline composition

M

RECOVERY

= Vegetative/Physical

5 – 10+ YEARS

E

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • X-section composition

  • Woody recruitment

  • Greenline to greenline width

  • Bank Stability

RECOVERY

DECADES

= Water and Habitat Quality

INDICATORS OF

  • Temp

  • pools

e.g.

RECOVERY


The pfc concept is

Match Objectives to Planning Timeline

ANNUAL

= End-of-season condition

INDICATORS OF

  • residual vegetation

  • bank alteration

  • Recovery period

T

e.g.

MANAGEMENT

3 – 5+ - YEARS

I

= Vegetative

INDICATORS OF

e.g.

  • Greenline Composition

M

RECOVERY

= Vegetative/Physical

5 – 10+ YEARS

E

INDICATORS OF

  • X-section composition

  • Woody recruitment

  • Greenline to greenlinewidth

  • Bank Stability

e.g.

RECOVERY

DECADES

= Water and Habitat Quality

INDICATORS OF

  • Temp. or width

  • Pool quality

e.g.

RECOVERY


The pfc concept is

NON-LINEARTIMELINES

The power of drought – For allowing vegetation to encroach into a stream

The power of Floods – For moving sediment, building banks, forming channels

The power of disturbance – for reinitiating succession


More generally successful than not

More generally successful than not

Generally successful

Early use

Short duration

Cool season

Riparian pasture

Rotate use areas and timing

Light to moderate use

Long recovery periods

Regrowth before winter

Jumpstart or occasional rest

Stutter deferred

More off-riparian water

Well scattered supplements/salt

Cleaned pastures and closed gates

PFC – Resilience

Select for hill climbers

Riding for animal placement

Yearlings

  • Generally unsuccessful

  • Season-long use

  • Long season of use

  • Hot or dry growing season use

  • Giant pastures - upland objectives

  • Consistent seasonal use

  • Heavy use too often

  • Little time for regrowth

  • Late use

  • Annual use

  • Little woody recovery

  • Only riparian water

  • Salt on creeks

  • Stragglers

  • At risk or nonfunctional

  • Retain riparian dwellers

  • Little or no riding

  • Cow calf pairs


Core grazing management principles

Core Grazing Management Principles

  • Avoid stress on important forage plants

    • Moderate or lower utilization OR

    • Graze for only a short period when plants are growing (shorter when growing faster)

  • Provide long growing season recovery with no grazing before next use

  • Graze in a different season at next use


The pfc concept is

PFC in Documents

  • Communicating with stakeholders

  • Purpose and need

  • Description of the existing environment

  • Selection of alternatives

  • Effects of proposed actions

  • Planning monitoring

  • Criteria for adapting management


The pfc concept is

Supports

Supports

PFCdoes notequal

  • Desired Future Condition (DFC)

PFCdoes notreplace

  • Legal Requirements, e.g., ESA, CWA


The pfc concept is

  • Understand what can be achieved

  • Provide linkage between reach/watershed

  • processes and habitat/water quality conditions

  • Define/prioritize issues to address

  • Select appropriate management practices

PFC Helps

  • Strategize appropriate monitoring

  • Communicate among stakeholders


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