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Offset Protocols and Florida’s Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program. Kelly Stevens Meteorologist Division of Air Resource Management. Background.

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Offset protocols and florida s greenhouse gas cap and trade program

Offset Protocols and Florida’s Greenhouse Gas Cap-and-Trade Program

Kelly Stevens

Meteorologist

Division of Air Resource Management


Background
Background Cap-and-Trade Program

Florida Climate Protection Act requires DEP to generally consider cost containment mechanisms for any draft rule proposal for GHG cap-and-trade program for electric utilities

May 24, 2010 released our Comparative Study of Selected Offset Protocols for Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Reporting Programs

Accessible at: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/air/rules/ghg/electric.htm


Offsets
Offsets Cap-and-Trade Program

  • Reduce or sequester greenhouse gas emissions at any non-capped location

    • e.g. landfill gas capture of methane, forest sequestration of CO2

  • Offers choice for regulated entities

  • Protocols are the set of directions or recommendations for an offset project

  • Can vary from highly technical and specific to more general and suggestive


Purpose of this study
Purpose of this study Cap-and-Trade Program

  • What this study is NOT:

    • Evaluate program level issues

    • Evaluate cap-and-trade program issues

    • Policy or policy recommendations

  • What this study is:

    • Evaluation of technical elements

    • Highlights similarities and differences

    • Informative & unique

    • Guide for future stakeholder discussion


Landfill gas capture
Landfill Gas Capture Cap-and-Trade Program

Image from EPA: http://www.epa.gov/lmop/basic-info/lfg.html#05

Byproducts of decomposing material in landfills is CO2 and methane

Landfill gas capture as a GHG offset involves collecting LFG for destruction or use


Lfg capture table sample
LFG Capture – Table Sample Cap-and-Trade Program


Lfg capture technical comparison
LFG Capture – Technical Comparison Cap-and-Trade Program

  • Varied level of detail: Some included gas utilization effects (e.g. CCX, CDM, etc.) while others did not (CAR, RGGI)

  • Monitoring: LFG flow rate continuous measurement required by 5 protocols, others do not

  • Baseline and other calculations: 6protocols consider GWP of CH4 21 tons CO2e, two protocols 23 tons CO2e


Lfg capture applicability to florida
LFG Capture – Applicability to Florida Cap-and-Trade Program

  • Quantification of existing sites in Florida

    • As many as 90 other landfills which do not require air permits and may be eligible for LFG capture offset projects

    • Currently 8 LFG projects listed or registered with CAR in FL

Map from CAR: http://www.climateactionreserve.org/how/projects/

Governor’s energy and climate change action plan: Ranked 8th of 28 recommended projects based on cumulative reduction of GHG


Listed and Registered Offset Projects with CAR Cap-and-Trade Program

L: Landfill gas capture

L: Livestock gas capture

F: Forestry

O: Organic waste digestion

O: Ozone depleting substances

C: Coal mine methane

N: Nitric acid

Map from CAR: http://www.climateactionreserve.org/how/projects/


Lfg capture applicability to florida1
LFG Capture – Applicability to Florida Cap-and-Trade Program

Inventory of potentially eligible landfills in Florida illustrates that there may be some applicability of this offset project type in Florida

Simpler, less detailed requirements couldbe easier to comply with but may be inconsistent

Complex ones more accountable

Varying levels of complexity and requirements may be more suitable for Florida


More information
More Information Cap-and-Trade Program

Kelly [email protected](850) 921 – 9550

Electric Utility GHG Reduction page http://www.dep.state.fl.us/air/rules/ghg/electric.htm


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