Electricity and Magnetism.
Electricity and Magnetism
ZZZAPP! A jagged bolt of lightning slashes and flashes through the sky. Less than a second later, it’s gone. But then more and more brilliant bolts appear, briefly connecting the clouds to the ground. Like snowflakes and grains of sand, each bolt is unique. BOOOOM!! The sound of thunder startles you. You are glad that you are indoors, watching this dazzling “spark-a-palooza” through a window. What causes this super-charged sight that can pack a deadly wallop?
The electric charge flows from one place to another.
An electric current travels quickly and invisibly.
Check out the closed
circuit on the next slide!
A. An insulator, such as plastic, is a material through which electric charges cannot travel easily. A conductor is a material, such as metal wire, through which electric charges can travel easily.
Today, people rarely use series circuits. Our appliances and other electrical equipment need different amounts of current.
A parallel circuit has a number of
advantages over a series circuit. If one electrical appliance in a parallel circuit malfunctions or is turned off, other devices in the loop can still receive electric current. Different electric devices can receive different amounts of electric current. All devices in a series loop can receive only the same amount of electricity.
If you break a magnet into two pieces, what happens to its magnetic poles?
If you break a magnet into two pieces, you will have two magnets, each with its own north-seeking pole and south-seeking pole.
What is a closed circuit?
A loop with no breaks through which electric current can flow
What happens to an
electric current at a
If the switch is closed, the current flows. If the switch is open, the current does not flow
If you find a metal bar, how can you determine if it is a magnet?
Put the metal bar near something made of iron or steel, and see if there is an attraction between the two. If there is, then the metal bar is a magnet.
What is an electric charge in motion called?
An electric charge in motion is called an electric current.
The Electrical Safety Foundation urges everyone to remember the 4 Rs of electrical safety:
Respect the power of electricity.
Read and follow the instructions that come with every electrical product
Replace worn or cracked electrical cords.
Relocate, or move, appliance cords so people will not walk on or trip over them, and children or pets can’t pull them
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