Design of financing mechanisms for renewable energy projects in the caribbean
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Design of Financing Mechanisms for Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean. Roland Clarke, Ph. D. Project Manager, Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme, CREDP CARICOM Secretariat, Georgetown, Guyana

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Design of financing mechanisms for renewable energy projects in the caribbean

Design of Financing Mechanisms for Renewable Energy Projects in the Caribbean

Roland Clarke, Ph. D.

Project Manager, Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme, CREDP

CARICOM Secretariat, Georgetown, Guyana

Presented at CARILEC Renewable Energy Conference, Royal St. Lucian Hotel, St. Lucia 4th – 5th November 2002.


Background and context
BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT in the Caribbean

  • In 1998, 14 Caribbean countries and 2 British dependencies agreed to work together to prepare a regional project to remove barriers to the use of renewable energy and thereby foster its development and commercialisation


Participating countries

Antigua & Barbuda in the Caribbean

The Bahamas

Barbados

Belize

British Virgin Islands

Cuba

Dominica

Grenada

Guyana

Jamaica

St. Kitts & Nevis

Saint Lucia

St. Vincent & The Grenadines

Suriname

Trinidad & Tobago

Turks & Caicos Islands

Participating Countries


Undp gef cost sharing financing us
UNDP/GEF & Cost-Sharing Financing (US$) in the Caribbean

  • Project funded by the GEF/UNDP through the PDF Block B Grant Facility.

  • TOTAL: 17.776 million

  • UNDP/GEFProject 4.076 MM

  • PDF B 0.350 MM

  • Sub-total GEF:4.426 MM


Undp gef cost sharing financing us1
UNDP/GEF & Cost-Sharing Financing (US$) in the Caribbean

  • Parallel financing:

  • Governments, and regional/ national institutions: 1.150 MM

  • Other donors (GTZ): 2.200 MM

  • Equity (private/public): 6.000 MM

  • Loans (CDB etc.): 4.000 MM

  • Sub-Total Parallel financing: 13.35 MM


Barriers to renewable energy development
Barriers to Renewable Energy Development in the Caribbean

  • Policy

    • Establish a Policy Advisory Unit at CARICOM;

    • Appoint National Policy Advisory Committees in each State

  • Capacity

    • Conduct Capacity Building Workshops

    • Develop training programmes for utility and ministry staff;


Barriers to renewable energy development1
Barriers to Renewable Energy Development in the Caribbean

  • Awareness

    • Strengthen the existing national RE information awareness network;

    • Establish a Regional Information Awarness programme;

  • Awareness

    • Establish a Virtual Regional Demonstration Centre

    • Establish short term consultancies for technology transfer


Barriers to renewable energy development cont d
Barriers to Renewable Energy Development (cont’d) in the Caribbean

  • Financing

    • Design and demonstrate innovative financing mechanisms

    • Design a Financial Assitance Fund, FAF

    • Design a Loan Gurantee Mechanism

    • Develop a pipeline of RE projects


Design and Demonstrate Innovative Financing Mechanisms in the Caribbean

  • Consutants selected – Econergy International Corporation;

    • RE Debt and/or Equity Fund called the Caribbean Renewable Energy Investment Fund, CREIF

    • Seek capitization from investors e.g. CDB, IDB, IIC, MIF, and others such as Norfund, IFC, multinational oil companies, and you.


Design a financial assistance fund faf
Design a Financial Assistance Fund, FAF in the Caribbean

  • Objective – Assist project developers to conduct feasibility studies, initial designs, market studies, risk mitigation, due diligence

  • Structured as a contingent grant convertible to equity or debt for successful projects only.

  • Funding of US $1.6 MM from GEF


Government guarantee mechanism ggm
Government Guarantee Mechanism, GGM in the Caribbean

  • Objective – To demonstrate Government commitment.

  • Strategies include sovereign guarantees, particularly in-kind guarantees e.g. land leases, tax concessions, etc.

  • Commercial Loan Guarantees


Our approach
Our Approach in the Caribbean

  • Questionnaire aim at Investors to:

    • Assess the demand (amount and type) for RE Financing

    • Assess the markets for RE (by country, by technology)

    • Assess the “financing gaps.”

    • Design mechanisms to address gaps.


Our approach1
Our Approach in the Caribbean

  • Questionnaire aimed at Financiers i.e. commercial banks, micro lenders, multilateral banks, to:

    • Identify lending policies

    • Due diligence requirements

    • Special considerations for RE that may affect lending practices


Our approach2
Our Approach in the Caribbean

  • Qualify a short list of RE Financiers from outside the Caribbean

  • Preliminary assessment of RE pipeline

  • Develop collateral materials

  • Prepare Final Report


Time line
TIME LINE in the Caribbean

  • January 2003 – Designs completed

  • February 2003 – GTZ contribution

  • March 2003 – GEF Secretariat decision

  • June 2003 – Full implementation of CREDP


Time line cont d
TIME LINE cont’d in the Caribbean

  • June 2007 – SUCCESS


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