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ISSUES RECEIVING A VARIETY OF CONSIDERATIONS DURING THE VERIFICATION PROCESS OF THE LAW PROJECT ON PREVENTING, PROTECTING AGAINST, AND MILTIGATIING DISASTER. H.E. Mr. Nguyễn Vinh Hà Vice Chairman of the Committee on Science, Technology and Environment.
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ISSUES RECEIVING A VARIETY OF CONSIDERATIONS DURING THE VERIFICATION PROCESS OF THE LAW PROJECT
ON PREVENTING, PROTECTING AGAINST, AND MILTIGATIING DISASTER
H.E. Mr. Nguyễn Vinh Hà
Vice Chairman of the Committee on
Science, Technology and Environment
The Committee has been assigned by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly (NA) the following tasks: (i) leading the verification of the Law project on preventing, protecting against, and mitigating disaster; (ii) taking into account opinions, assisting the Standing Committee of the NA. on revising the Law for the NA’s approval.
During the Law verification process, the Committee has been studying various national and internationalrelevant documents and Laws. The Committee has also organized 8 site visits to selected provinces and cities being under severe impact of disasters.
The verification report of the Law has been already provided to the members of the National Assembly.
In the scope of this presentation, we would like to focus on 06 issues receiving different opinions during the Law verification process:
It is known that Vietnam is among the most countries suffering frequent natural disaster damage
1.1. There have been a variety of disasters occurred in Vietnam, categorizing by regions and 8 specific geographical areas:
a) Disasters occurred in specific regions:
North of VN: mostly flood, gust, earthquake, soil erosion, flash flood in several northern mountainous provinces
Central VN: mostly flood, gust, thunderstorm, typhoon, regional flood
South of VN: water rising, coastal flood, riverbank erosion…
b) Geo-disasters in 8 areas (continued):
1.3. Law draft on PPD: 18 categories of applicable disasters and “other disasters”:
2.1. Role of the Government:
3.1. There have been many considerations about land-use plan, people living in regions frequently damaged by disaster, evacuation of households in those regions and resettlement.
+ Local fund for preventing, protecting against flood, typhoon founded at province-level after the decree 50/CP (1997)
+ Fund from voluntary organizations, individuals, eg. Fund for disaster damage support in Central Vietnam.
Need to assign in details on building PPD potential, human resource usage in PPD, appropriate treating regulations…
4.2. Human resource:
5.1. Information of disaster warning:
- Need to build up early warning system, evaluation of disaster risk and network for providing information to AHA Center in the case Vietnam joins the ADDMER agreement
(Currently, disaster map has been constructed in several provinces, for example the submerged region map in Cần Thơ, flood map in Quảng Bình…)
5.2. On rescue, life saving:
At central level:
At local level:
However, the members of the Committees work part-time only, and also the assisting human resource for the Committees at central as well as local level is very limited.
In some countries, organizations in charge of PPD/state of emergency were established from central level to local level such as in USA, China, Russia…
In summary, we have presented 06 groups of issues receiving a number of considerations and recommendations.
In our opinion, those above-mentioned issues need continuously analyzing, investigating at different view points. Based on the concluded results, we will select optimal solution for solving the issues during the process of taking into account recommendations and revising the Law draft.
At this conference, we are very happy to invite several experienced international experts working many years on disaster risk management to present their useful and helpful presentations.
In our opinion, the above-mentioned issues will be made clear by the experience exchange of the international experts and all your considerations after the conference.
Sincerely thank you!