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TRADING SYSTEMS-EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN. Long-range trade routes first appeared in the 3rd millennium BC Sumerians in Mesopotamia traded with the Harappan civilization of the Indus Valley .

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  • Long-range trade routes first appeared in the 3rd millennium BC

  • Sumerians in Mesopotamia traded with the Harappan civilization of the Indus Valley.

  • The Phoenicians were noted sea traders, traveling across the Mediterranean Sea, and as far north as Britain for sources of tin to manufacture bronze. For this purpose they established trade colonies all over the Mediterranean.


Phoenicians
PHOENICIANS

  • Phoenicia , was an ancient SemiticCanaanite civilization situated on the western, coastal part of the Fertile Crescent and centered in Lebanon.

  • The major Phoenician cities were on the coastline of the Mediterranean.

  • It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC.

  • The Phoenicians used the galley, a man-powered sailing vessel



Trade routes
TRADE ROUTES precious purple dye of the



Writing
WRITING time and owed much of their prosperity to trade.

  • CUNEIFORM-one of the earliest known forms of written expression. Emerging in Sumer around the 30th century BC

  • cuneiform writing began as a system of pictographs.


  • HIEROGLYPHICS-A time and owed much of their prosperity to trade. hieroglyph (Greek for "sacredcarving") is a character of the ancient Egyptian writing system.


Phoenician alphabet
PHOENICIAN ALPHABET time and owed much of their prosperity to trade.

  • The Phoenician alphabet, was a non-pictographicconsonantalalphabet, or abjad.



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