History and memory
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History and Memory. Unit 2. Learning Objectives. Identify different ways individuals and groups remember and represent the past. Discuss some of the causes that prompt professional historians to reinterpret and to ask new questions of the past.

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History and Memory

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History and memory

History and Memory

Unit 2


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Identify different ways individuals and groups remember and represent the past.

  • Discuss some of the causes that prompt professional historians to reinterpret and to ask new questions of the past.

  • Analyze why commemorating the past is publicly debated.

  • Identify ways individuals and groups challenge the collective memories of other individuals and groups.


In class activity

In-class Activity

  • On a blank sheet of notebook paper, list at least three specific examples of how you know what happened in the past.

  • Of your choices, indicate which are examples of memory, and which are examples of history ? (by either writing “M” or “H” before each choice)


Columbus then and now

Columbus – Then and Now

  • Textook views of Columbus

  • Encylopedia view

  • Why are views different?

  • Columbus statues

  • How is he portrayed?

  • How does his portrayal reflect the time and people when it was created?

  • How might a statue of Columbus commissioned today look?


While watching the video

While watching the video:

  • Keep a record of the kinds of examples used to show the many ways the humans create community memory and use history.

  • Note the reasons why historians disagree about the topics raised in the video.

  • -- follow the following directions….


History and memory

Before viewing the video:Timeline of the Changes in Interpretations of ColumbusRecord the following on your own paper– record information as you view the video.

  • 1882: Knights of Columbus

  • 1893: Columbian Exhibition

  • 1942: Samuel Eliot Morrison

  • 1973: Alfred Crosby, The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492

  • 1992: Quincentennial Celebrations (500 years)

  • Look at the next two slides before the start of the video


After the video

After the video:

  • Discuss among your group why you think the case studies in this episode were selected for a world history series. The examples used in the video to explore the concepts of memory and history are…


Examples from video

Examples from video:

  • Changing interpretations of Christopher Columbus

  • Increasing understanding of Mayan glyphs

  • Continuity of Luba memory boards and scarification

  • Controversial exhibits and museums in the USA and Korea

  • A contested autobiography written by a Mayan activist in Guatemala


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