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INDIANS!. chapter 7, section 2. Nomads. Great Plains. Great Plains. The Indian Problem. Why do we have difficulties? Different concept of land ownership . We want to “honor” the land the way we know how.

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Indians

INDIANS!

chapter 7, section 2





The indian problem
The Indian Problem

  • Why do we have difficulties?

    • Different concept of land ownership.We want to “honor” the land the way we know how.

    • Treaties were difficult.Indian reps didn’t represent well.Didn’t always understand the treaty.


Treaties
Treaties

  • Many treaties were attempted, which put the Indians on smaller and smaller reservations.

  • But gold miners refused to stay off the land.More fighting ensues….


Sand creek massacre 1864
Sand Creek Massacre, 1864

500 Men. Women, and Children slaughtered while trying to surrender

Colonel Chivington wants a military victory

Black Kettle tries to surrender.


Little bighorn
Little Bighorn

  • Many tribes were in rebellion.Civil War hero George Custer was to finish them off.

  • He invades sacred Sioux grounds, and rushes ahead of other army regiments to Little Bighorn.

  • 2,000 Sioux warriors cut him off.200 soldiers dead in 1 hour.


This was custer s last stand
This wasCuster’s Last Stand


1877 nez perce indians
1877- NEZ PERCE INDIANS

  • CHIEF JOSEPH:

  • A CONVERTED CHRISTIAN

  • PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE with THE WHITE MAN.

CHIEF JOSEPH


  • CONFLICT:

  • THE GOVT. BROKE THE TREATY FROM 1866

    U.S.TOOK BACK 6 MILLION ACRES.

  • REFUSING TO MOVE TO A SMALLER RESERVATION, CHIEF JOSEPH CHOSE TO FIGHT THE MOVE

  • PLAN WAS TO LEAD HIS TRIBE TO CANADA.


  • ARMY FINALLY CAUGHT THEM 30 MILES FROM CANADA.

  • THEY WERE THEN SENT TO RESERVATIONS IN OKLAHOMA


Chief joseph
Chief Joseph THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • "Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart. I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Too-hul-hul-sote is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are—perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."


Wounded knee
Wounded Knee THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • Messianic prophecies spread.The Ghost Dance religion forms.

    • Big circle of Indians, chanting / dancing.

    • Submission until Messiah delivers.

  • This scares settlers.Their leader, Sitting Bull, is arrested.

  • Sitting Bull hesitates.The soldiers shoot him.


Wounded knee1
Wounded Knee THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • Sitting Bull’s followers follow the soldiers to surrender (submission).

  • During disarmament, shots are fired – MASSACRE!200 of 350 Indians are killed.(and about 25 American soldiers)

  • This was the last armed battle of the Indian Wars.


WHAT ENDED THE INDIANS WAY OF LIFE? THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

1. THE RAILROAD- BROUGHT THE SOLDIERS, SETTLERS, MINERS, AND BUFFALO HUNTERS.

2. DAWES ACT 1887- FORCE THE INDIAN INTO ACCEPTING THE LIFESTYLE / VALUES OF THE WHITE MAN (Farmers).


Assimilation
Assimilation THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • What’s next?Assimilation into American society

  • We want to AMERICANIZE the Indian


Assimilation1
Assimilation THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • General assimilation (Americanization)Bring them to civilization give up their traditions learn English Christianity white dress & customs learn a trade


Opening of the indian territory
Opening of the Indian Territory THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • When all western lands were taken, the government opened the only land left, the Oklahoma Indian Territory

  • Boomer Sooner!


Conclusion
Conclusion THEIR WAY OUT OF THE U.S.

  • Not successfulIndians did not join the American mainstream.

  • By the end of the century,disease and poverty had reduced the Indian population to just 200,000.


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