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Reading #2: Challenging Jim Crow Civil Unrest. Objective… Summarize the incidents of civil disobedience that challenged segregation and the federal governments reaction to the fight against desegregation. MLK’s background…. PHD- Boston U.- Theology 1957 - Founder of SCLC

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reading 2 challenging jim crow civil unrest
Reading #2: Challenging Jim Crow Civil Unrest

Objective…Summarize the incidents of civil disobedience that challenged segregation and the federal governments reaction to the fight against desegregation.

mlk s background
MLK’s background…
  • PHD- Boston U.- Theology
  • 1957 - Founder of SCLC
  • Philosophy: Nonviolent - Civil disobedience
  • Nobel Prize in 1968
  • Assassinated April, 1968
civil disobedience
Civil disobedience…
  • Historically used to rebel against unfair laws.
  • Protests are confrontational, but non-violent

The influence of Gandhi on King…

The influence of Walter Rauschenbusch on King…

sclc s outhern c hristian l eadership c onference
SCLCSouthern Christian Leadership Conference
  • Organized black churches to conduct nonviolent protests in order to obtain civil rights reform.

Dr. MLK leading local CRs workers in a prayer

montgomery ala 1955 rosa parks refuses to give up her bus seat

Fingerprinting Rosa Parks

Montgomery, Ala. 1955

Rosa Parks

refuses to give up her bus seat

Rosa Parks going to jail

dr mlk spokesperson montgomery bus boycott

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

Dr. MLK - Spokesperson Montgomery Bus Boycott

“We are here this evening for serious business …. we are determined to apply our citizenship to the fullest of its means.”

- MLK

The principles of the boycott…

- Non-violence - Christian love - Unity

slide8

MLK & Abernathy being booked by Montgomery, ALA police. The civil rights leaders had been indicted for their roles in the MBB. King & Abernathy\'s homes were firebombed during the boycott.

the montgomery bus boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Lasts 381 days
  • Effects 42,000 African Americans
  • Montgomery Improvement Assoc. (MIA) coordinates 20K rides per day for ride
  • MLK & E.D. Nixon arrested and found guilty of “hindering business”

Empty buses…Bus revenue drops by 67%

significance of the mbb
Significance of the MBB…
  • MLK becomes a national figure
  • Gave the CR movement momentum
  • The SCLC is founded & galvanizes the non-violence tactic

The Rosa Parks bus at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Mich.

The Supreme Court ruled busing segregation illegal Dec, 1956

slide12
The Little Rock Crisis (1957)

“I had thought - we\'d all thought - that once we got the Brown case, the thing was going to be over. You see, we were always looking for the one case to end all of it.” - Thurgood Marshall, 1977

crisis in little rock 1957
Crisis in Little Rock (1957)
  • Federal judge orders desegregation in LR schools
  • LR school board complies
  • Gov. Faubus defied the order
  • DDE puts AK National Guard under federal control
  • Sends in the 101st Airborne Division to enforce the law

The Little Rock Nine

sncc pronounced snick s tudent n onviolent c oordinating c ommittee
SNCC (pronounced Snick)Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee...
  • 1960 – Black college students
  • Youth branch SCLC - Gives Black youth a voice in CRs
  • More militant
  • SNCC activist strategies…

- Direct confrontation

- Mass action

- Civil disobedience

1960 1961 sit ins greensboro nashville atlanta
1960-1961: Sit-InsGreensboro, Nashville, Atlanta
  • CORE & SNCC
  • Sit- in segregated diners in the South… Activism
  • Refuse to leave until served…hurts business profit…. Powerful method of protest.

The Greensboro Four

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