Psychological disorders
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Psychological Disorders. Definition. Psychological disorder- persistently harmful thoughts, feelings and actions. Must be: Deviant, Distressful and Dysfunctional. The Medical Model. Originally, many believed mental illnesses were caused by demons. Abusive therapies used.

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Psychological Disorders

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Psychological disorders

Psychological Disorders


Definition

Definition

  • Psychological disorder-persistently harmful thoughts, feelings and actions.

  • Must be:

    Deviant, Distressful and Dysfunctional


The medical model

The Medical Model

  • Originally, many believed mental illnesses were caused by demons.

    • Abusive therapies used.

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Izmyru5T_w

  • The Medical Model-idea that mental illnesses are sicknesses.

  • Corrected the abuse and reformed hospitals.


Prevalence

Prevalence

  • 450 million people world wide


Dsm iv 1994

DSM-IV (1994)

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

  • American Psychiatric Association

    • New one in 2012 (DSM-V)

    • Name, describe and predict behavior, suggest treatments

  • WHO- ICD-10 International Classification of Diseases 10th ed.


Dsm iv

DSM-IV

  • AXIS I – Criteria for clinical syndromes. **MOST of our attention**

  • AXIS II- Personality Disorder + Mental Retardation

  • AXIS III- General Medical Conditions

  • AXIS IV- Psychosocial issues (environment)

  • AXIS V- Global Assessment Scale 0-100.

    • 100- excellent functioning

    • 0- in need of serious help


Treatment options

Treatment Options

  • Inpatient-Person checks into a facility to receive intense psychological care.

  • -for more severe cases

  • Outpatient-Person lives at home but visits treatment facility often to receive treatment.


Therapies

Therapies

Medication

Psychoanalysis

Humanist

Cognitive

Behavioral


Behavioral

Behavioral

  • Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion.

  • -Can be measured by science!


Psychoanalytical

Psychoanalytical

  • Unconscious forces control who we are and why we do things.

    -Heavily influenced by your childhood.


Humanist

Humanist

  • Using conscious decision-making in an effort to achieve self-actualization

    • -A positive environment = positive growth


Cognitive

Cognitive

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

  • Sensorimotor Stage

  • Preoperational Stage

  • Concrete Operational

  • Formal Operational


Psychological disorders

Which one applies best?


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