The middle ages
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The Middle Ages. The Roman Empire falls apart. Charlemagne- tries to reunite parts of empire. Holy Roman Empire Endorsed by the Pope. The Vikings- Launch raids throughout much of Europe. Destroy many villages and cities. The “Dark” Ages. Fuedalism- a system for controlling land.

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The dark ages

The Roman Empire falls apart.

Charlemagne- tries to reunite parts of empire.

Holy Roman Empire

Endorsed by the Pope.

The Vikings- Launch raids throughout much of Europe.

Destroy many villages and cities.

The “Dark” Ages


Life in the middle ages

Fuedalism- a system for controlling land.

King gives land in return for protection.

Social Pyramid- formed the basic structure of medieval society.

Key terms-

Fief

Nobles

Vassals

Knights

Manors

Serfs

Life in the Middle Ages



The crusades
The Crusades

  • Series of holy wars between Christians and Muslim Turks for control of the Holy Land.

  • Area today of Jerusalem and Palestine.

  • Four major crusades were launched- in the end control of holy land is lost to Muslims.

  • Leads to many important changes throughout Europe.


The black death
The Black Death

  • Bacterial disease spread by rats and fleas.

  • Victims often died within days to one week.

  • Over 1/3 of European population died as a result of the plague- Over 25 million people!

  • In some cities almost 800 people a day died.


More black death
More Black Death

  • “Ring around the Rosie”- some people say this rhyme refers to the black death.

Bubo-first sign




The high middle ages
The High Middle Ages

  • The Crusades had a HUGE effect on the growth of Europe.

    • Trade begins to grow

    • People want new goods from Asia- spices, gold, sugar, silk, and more.

    • The Silk Road- main route traveled by traders and merchants between China and Europe.

    • A new merchant class begins to grow into the social pyramid.



  • Education becomes increasingly important

  • More people learn to read and write- mainly to help with trade.

  • Books and literature become more widely available.

  • By the end of the1400’s, the Middle Ages come to an end.


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