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The Middle Ages - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Middle Ages. The Roman Empire falls apart. Charlemagne- tries to reunite parts of empire. Holy Roman Empire Endorsed by the Pope. The Vikings- Launch raids throughout much of Europe. Destroy many villages and cities. The “Dark” Ages. Fuedalism- a system for controlling land.

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Presentation Transcript
the dark ages
The Roman Empire falls apart.

Charlemagne- tries to reunite parts of empire.

Holy Roman Empire

Endorsed by the Pope.

The Vikings- Launch raids throughout much of Europe.

Destroy many villages and cities.

The “Dark” Ages
life in the middle ages
Fuedalism- a system for controlling land.

King gives land in return for protection.

Social Pyramid- formed the basic structure of medieval society.

Key terms-

Fief

Nobles

Vassals

Knights

Manors

Serfs

Life in the Middle Ages
the crusades
The Crusades
  • Series of holy wars between Christians and Muslim Turks for control of the Holy Land.
  • Area today of Jerusalem and Palestine.
  • Four major crusades were launched- in the end control of holy land is lost to Muslims.
  • Leads to many important changes throughout Europe.
the black death
The Black Death
  • Bacterial disease spread by rats and fleas.
  • Victims often died within days to one week.
  • Over 1/3 of European population died as a result of the plague- Over 25 million people!
  • In some cities almost 800 people a day died.
more black death
More Black Death
  • “Ring around the Rosie”- some people say this rhyme refers to the black death.

Bubo-first sign

the high middle ages
The High Middle Ages
  • The Crusades had a HUGE effect on the growth of Europe.
    • Trade begins to grow
    • People want new goods from Asia- spices, gold, sugar, silk, and more.
    • The Silk Road- main route traveled by traders and merchants between China and Europe.
    • A new merchant class begins to grow into the social pyramid.
slide13
The power of kings and nobles begins to decrease.
  • Kingdoms begin to fall apart- replaced by national governments.
  • Large cities begin to grow- Paris, London, Rome.
  • Magna Carta- Document that limited the power of the king.
slide14
Education becomes increasingly important
  • More people learn to read and write- mainly to help with trade.
  • Books and literature become more widely available.
  • By the end of the1400’s, the Middle Ages come to an end.
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