Taxonomy bacteria and viruses review
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TAXONOMY, BACTERIA AND VIRUSES REVIEW. The science of grouping and naming organisms is called. TAXONOMY. A step by step way to identify an organism using a series of paired descriptions. Dichotomous key.

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The taxon for animals that are warm blooded have body hair and produce milk for their young

The paired descriptionstaxon for animals that are warm blooded, have body hair, and produce milk for their young.

Mammalia


What paired descriptionsis the naming system called that gives each organism a two word scientific name?Turdusmigratorius“American Robin”

Binomial nomenclature


Which scientific name is written correctly

Which scientific name is written correctly? paired descriptions

FelisConcolor

Felisconcolor

Felisconcolor

FelisConcolor


The names of the taxons from the most general to the most specific

The names of the paired descriptionstaxons from the most general to the most specific.

Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.



What is this diagram called
What is this diagram called? larger than a genus?

  • Cladogram



Which organisms are the most closely related
Which organisms are the most closely related? larger than a genus?

  • Primates, Rodents and Rabbits


Which organisms are the most closely related1

Which organisms are the most closely related? larger than a genus?

Mountain Lion and Domestic Dog


What are the names of the three domains
What are the names of the three domains? larger than a genus?

  • Archaea

  • Bacteria

  • Eukarya




Organisms that must consume food

Organisms that must consume food. organisms?

Heterotrophs


Which kingdom contains organisms that are multicellular eukaryotic and autotrophs

Which kingdom contains organisms that are organisms?multicellular, eukaryotic, and autotrophs?

Plantae


Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes unicellular and live in extreme environments

Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes, unicellular, and live in extreme environments?

Archaebacteria


Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes unicellular and like to decompose dead matter

Which kingdom contains organisms that are prokaryotes, unicellular, and like to decompose dead matter?

Eubacteria


Which kingdom contains organisms that are eukaryotes, unicellular or multicellular, mobile and heterotrophs?

Protista


Which kingdom contains organisms that are unicellular or multicellular eukaryotes, mobile and heterotrophs? They do not have cell walls.

Animalia


Fungi

Which kingdom contains organisms that are unicellular or multicellular eukaryotes, have cell walls with chitin, and absorb their food? Examples are yeast, mold, and mildew.

Fungi


A nonliving parasite
A nonliving parasite unicellular or

  • Virus


The outer protein coat of a virus
The outer protein coat of a virus unicellular or

  • Capsid


A virus that infects a bacteria
A virus that infects a bacteria unicellular or

  • Bacteriophage


What do viruses need to reproduce
What do viruses need to reproduce? unicellular or

  • A living cell as a host



Lysogenic cycle
Lysogenic unicellular or cycle

  • A virus cycle where a virus injects its DNA into a cell, reproduces normally, but does not cause the cell to lyse.


Are viruses alive explain
Are viruses alive?? Explain. unicellular or

  • NO

  • Viruses do not have all the characteristics of living things.

  • Not made of cells

  • Cannot live independently.

  • Must infect a living cell to reproduce.


How do viruses cause disease
How do viruses cause disease? unicellular or

  • By disrupting the cell’s equilibrium.


Identify the three shapes of bacteria

Identify the three shapes of bacteria unicellular or

Bacillus – rod shaped

Spirillum – spiral shaped

Coccus - round



How do bacteria reproduce
How do unicellular or bacteria reproduce?

  • Binary Fission – Asexual Reproduction


What is the name of the process where two bacteria exchange part of their dna to increase diversity

What is the name of the process where two bacteria exchange part of their DNA to increase diversity?

Conjugation


Name two ways bacteria are beneficial
Name two ways bacteria are beneficial. part of their DNA to increase diversity?

  • Decomposeers

  • Nitrogen fixation

  • Used to produce food.

  • Digest food in the digestive tract.

  • Synthesize drugs such as insulin.

  • Cleanup oil spills.


Name two diseases caused by bacteria
Name two diseases caused by bacteria part of their DNA to increase diversity?

  • Tetanus

  • Strep throat

  • Tuberculosis

  • Bacterial Meningitis

  • Lyme disease


Name two viruses that cause disease
Name two viruses that cause disease. part of their DNA to increase diversity?

  • Influenza

  • HIV virus causes AIDS


What body system is affected by aids what type of cells are infected by the hiv virus

What body system is affected by AIDS? What type of cells are infected by the HIV virus?

Immune system

Helper T Cells


What can you do to treat or prevent a viral disease
What can you do to treat or prevent a viral disease? are infected by the HIV virus?

  • Vaccines can prevent a viral disease.

  • Antibiotics do not work on viral diseases.


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