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New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s. World History. Consider the following political candidates and vote for the one you would like to lead your country. Candidate #1 A womanizer with self-interested policies and very bad health. Candidate #2

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New Leaders and New Ideas in Europe during the 1930s

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New leaders and new ideas in europe during the 1930s l.jpg

New Leaders and New Ideasin Europe during the 1930s

World History


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Consider the following political candidates and vote for the one you would like to lead your country.

  • Candidate #1

    • A womanizer with self-interested policies and very bad health.

  • Candidate #2

    • An alcoholic with a defiant mouth and attitude.

  • Candidate #3

    • A decorated war hero that wants to create a stable economy.


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So, who did you vote for?

  • Candidate #1

    • Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Candidate #2

    • Winston Churchill

  • Candidate #3

    • Adolf Hitler


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Totalitarianism

These theories are completely different theories that are opposed to one another; however they demonstrate the same behavior.


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How did Totalitarianism come about?

  • Step 1 – Treaty of Versailles.

  • Step 2 – Stock Market Crash of 1929.

  • Step 3 – Great Depression of the 1930s.

  • Step 4 – Increased influence from new political parties that emphasized government control.

  • Step 5 – Total control of the government by a dictator.


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Characteristics of Totalitarianism

  • Government establishes complete control of all aspects of the state.

    • Political, military, economy, social, and cultural.

  • Highly nationalistic.

    • Flags, salutes, rallies, and uniforms.

  • Strict controls and laws.

  • Military state.

    • Secret police, army, and navy.


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Characteristics of Totalitarianism

  • Censorship.

    • Opposing literature and ideas.

  • Propaganda

    • Media

      • Radio, newspapers, and posters.

  • One leader

    • A charismatic dictator.

  • Total conformity of people to ideas and the leader.

  • Terror and Fear.


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Soviet Communism

  • Also known as “Stalinism”.

    • Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953.

  • Combines elements of communism with a totalitarian and military state.


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Fascism

  • Fascism’s name comes from the “fasces”.

    • An ancient Roman symbol of authority.

  • Intense nationalism and elitists mindset.

  • Totalitarian control

  • Interests of the state more important than individual rights.

  • Maintains class system and private ownership.

  • Most well known example is in Italy.

    • Lead by Benito Mussolini from 1922-1943.


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Nazism

  • Extreme form of Fascism, Nationalism, and Totalitarianism.

  • Based on the beliefs of the National Socialist German Workers Party.

  • Belief in a superior race.

    • The Aryan or “master race”.

  • Belief that all Germans should have a

    “living space” in Europe.

  • Violent hatred of Jews.

    • Belief that Jews were the cause of all of

      Germany’s problems.

  • Led by Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945.


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