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EU-US ENERGY COUNCIL Technology Working Group. Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. initiatives. Vincenzo Giordano Ettore Bompard European Commission DG JRC. Steve Bossart US Department of Energy National Energy Technology Lab.

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Eu us energy council technology working group

EU-US ENERGY COUNCILTechnology Working Group

Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts:

EU and U.S. initiatives

VincenzoGiordano

EttoreBompard

European Commission DG JRC

Steve Bossart

US Department of Energy

National Energy Technology Lab

2013 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies

February 26, 2013


Topics

Topics

Objectives

Background

Areas of collaboration

Smart grid definitions

Smart grid investments

Project inventory

Performance and progress

Build metrics

Impact metrics

Dissemination

Future Collaboration


Eu us energy council technology working group

Objectives


Eu us energy council technology working group

  • Objectives of Joint EU-US Collaboration on Smart Grid

  • Make sure we speak the same language when it comes to Smart Grid definitions, terminology and methodological approaches

  • Build common approaches in assessment framework for smart grid advances, benefits, and impacts, as well as in information sharing, leading to practical future opportunities for transnational cooperation


Eu us energy council technology working group

Background


Eu us energy council technology working group

Two workshops with EU and US Smart Grid experts (Albuquerque Nov 2010, Washington DC Dec 2011)

"EU-U.S. Workshop on Assessment Methodologies for Smart Grid: Advances, Benefits, and Impacts"

Joint DoE- JRC report

"Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. initiatives"

Background


Eu us energy council technology working group

Areas of Collaboration


Eu us energy council technology working group

ISGAN ANNEX I

ISGAN ANNEX II

ISGAN ANNEX III

ISGAN ANNEX IV

Primary Areas of Joint Collaboration


Eu us energy council technology working group

Smart Grid Definitions


Eu us energy council technology working group

What is a Smart Grid?

EU - A Smart Grid is “an electricity network that can intelligently integrate the behavior and actions of all users connected to it - generators, consumers and those that do both - in order to efficiently ensure sustainable, economic and secure electricity supply” [EC Smart Grid Task Force].

US - A Smart Grid uses digital technology to improve reliability, security, and efficiency (both economic and energy) of the electric system from large generation, through the delivery systems to electricity consumers and a growing number of distributed-generation and storage resources [DOE System Report].


Context of smart grid

Context of Smart Grid


Eu us energy council technology working group

Smart Grid Investments


Eu us energy council technology working group

Smart Grid Investments


Eu us energy council technology working group

Smart Grid Project Inventory


Eu us energy council technology working group

US –Inventory of Smart Grid projects

  • 99 projects under SGIG total budget $8.1 billion

  • 32 projects under SGDP total budget $1.7 billion

  • Submission of project information is required under the project scheme

  • Inventory of all US Smart Grid projects is underway (ISGAN)


Eu us energy council technology working group

US –Inventory of Smart Grid projects

www.sgiclearinghouse.org


Eu us energy council technology working group

Progress and Performance


Eu us energy council technology working group

Policy goals and business case

European Union

United States

How much are we progressing toward a Smart Grid? How do we measure the level of smartness?

Which smart grid solutions have a viable business case? For whom?

KPI analysis

Cost & benefit analysis

Metrics & benefits analysis

Tools:

Smart Grid Computational Tool

Energy Storage Computational Tool


Features of the ideal smart grid services versus characteristics

Features of the Ideal Smart Grid - Services versus Characteristics


Doe analytical approach

DOE Analytical Approach

Example

What does the Smart Grid do?

How does it

do that?

What “goodness” results?

What is the goodness worth?

What are Smart Grid technologies?

Assets

Functions

Mechanisms

Benefits

Monetary Value

  • Capacitor controls

  • Distribution Management System

Automatic Voltage and VAR Control

Improves

feeder voltage regulation

Reduced feeder losses worth

$60 per MWh

$6000


Us build metrics

US – Build Metrics

Key Questions to Address

1. What was purchased, built, and deployed?

• # of assets or programs

• Type of assets or programs

Configuration of assets

2. How much did it cost?

• Cost segmentation: assets, labor , and specific asset type

3. Where was it installed?

• NERC Region, State, or recipient locations

4. How much of the system was affected?

• % of system, % of customers, % of load

5. What does it do?

• Characteristics of assets or programs: Intended function or use of assets


Smart grid functions

Smart Grid Functions


Energy storage applications

Energy Storage Applications


Benefits analysis framework

Benefits Analysis Framework

.


Five primary analytical focus areas

Five Primary Analytical Focus Areas

  • Operations & Maintenance Savings from Advanced Metering

  • Meter reading

  • Service changes

  • Outage management

  • Peak Demand and Electricity Consumption

  • Advanced metering infrastructure

  • Pricing programs & consumer devices

  • Direct load control

  • Distribution System Reliability

  • Automated & remote operations

  • Feeder switching Monitoring & health sensors

  • Energy Efficiency in Distribution Systems

  • Voltage optimization

  • Conservation voltage reduction

  • Line losses

  • Operational efficiency

  • Transmission System Operations & Reliability

  • Application of synchrophasor technology for wide area monitoring, visualization, and control


Sgig consumer behavior studies overview of research topics

SGIG Consumer Behavior Studies: Overview of Research Topics

Given the diversity of studies being undertaken as part of the SGIG program, we have a unique opportunity to evaluate issues in several topical areas:

Research Topical Areas

  • Customer Acceptance: What motivates customers to accept time-based rate programs?

  • Customer Retention: What motivates customers to remain on time-based rate programs?

  • Customer Response: Will customers respond, and if so by how much will they respond, to time-based rate programs?

  • Role of enabling technology and information/education: Will customers respond, and if so by how much will they respond, to control and/or information technology and/or education alone?


Eu us energy council technology working group

Dissemination


Eu us energy council technology working group

Dissemination platforms - US

www.sgiclearinghouse.org

www.smartgrid.gov

www.energy.gov/oe/technology-development/smart-grid


Eu us energy council technology working group

Future Collaboration


Eu us energy council technology working group

Future EU US Collaborative Smart Grid Work

  • Mapping activities

  • Coordination of EU and US mapping exercises of Smart Grid projects within the ISGAN framework.

  • Clarify definition of large- and small-scale demonstrations, & R&D, demonstration and deployment

  • Extrapolation of project results

  • Possible approaches to scale-up project and meta-analyses results to larger control areas

  • Project Assessment

  • Approaches to capture non-quantifiable impacts (e.g., social, environmental)

  • Approaches to capture best practices and lessons learned

  • Case Study Analysis

  • Evaluate use of SGCT and ESCT

  • Parallel consumer behavior studies

  • Approaches to capture best practices and lessons learned

  • Other Areas

  • Clarify driver differences between EU and US and how assessment methodology reflects differences


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