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Moscow , Russia , June 3-5, 2014. E-learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study. D. Ben ț a*, G. Bologa *, I. Dzi ț ac*,** *Agora University of Oradea, Department of Social Science s ** Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad , Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Romania.

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E learning platforms in higher education case study

Moscow, Russia, June 3-5, 2014.

E-learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study

D. Bența*, G. Bologa*, I. Dzițac*,**

*Agora University of Oradea,Department of Social Sciences

**AurelVlaicu University of Arad, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

Romania


Dr. IOAN DZITAC, Senior Member of IEEEB. & M.Sc. In Mathematics (1977), Ph.D. in Information Sciences (Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, RO)Professor of informatics at AurelVlaicu University of Arad, RO (tenured since 2009)Senior Researcher at Agora University of Oradea & Director of R&D Agora , RO (2012-2016)Adjunct Professor of the School of Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China (May 2013-May 2016)

Co-founder and General Chair of International Conference on Computers Communications and Control (ICCCC, since 2006)

http://univagora.ro/en/icccc2014/

IOAN DZITAC

[email protected]

www.univagora.ro

Co-Chair of SS07

in ITQM2014

Co-Founder and Associate Editor in Chief of International Journal of Computers Communications & Control (since 2006),

In Science Citation Index Expanded (ISI Thomson Reuters,

Impact Factor(IF) in JCR2009 = 0.373; JCR2010 = 0.650; JCR2011 = 0.438; JCR2012 = 0.441); A) Automation & Control Systems [Q4, 49 of 59] ; 2B) Computer Science, Information Systems [Q4, 109 of 132].

In Scopus (SJR2012 =0.297): A) Computational Theory and Mathematics [Q4] , B) Computer Networks and Communications [Q3] , C) Computer Science Applications [Q3].

http://univagora.ro/jour/index.php/ijccc

Rector of Agora University (2012-2016)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Contents
Contents Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Abstract

Introduction

Material and methods

Results and discussion

Conclusions


Abstract
Abstract Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

This paper describes our experience of using e-learning platforms to support face to face instruction in academic field.

We used Moodle as interactive e-learning tool to motivate students and involve them in resolving single and collaborative homework tasks.

However, while many universities in the world use e-learning platforms, in our case this was for the first time used and it was a great teaching/learning experience.

This paper points the importance of using e-learning platforms in higher education.


Contents1
Contents Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Abstract

Introduction

Material and methods

Results and discussion

Conclusions


Introduction
Introduction Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

many benefits of using on-line education including communication, interaction between students, group development and a higher access to knowledge. Despite those benefits, many universities often agree to remain in traditional teaching with no other additional support.

using Moodle can develop (Shen & Huang, 2006)students' cognitive schema, help to construct their knowledge, promote students' positive attitudes towards discussing and cooperating with peers, and increase students' skills to undertake lifelong learning by using the information technology.

applying this e-learning platform, we took advantage of students’ free time and their availability to spend and structure their actions in order to submit homework respecting a firm deadline.


Contents2
Contents Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

The story

Introduction

Material and methods

Results and discussion

Conclusions


Material and methods 1 3
Material and methods Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (1/3)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Source: server logs collected on the e-learning platform during second semester of academic year 2011-2012. A number of 29702 records were collected over a period of approx. 3 months (29.02.2012 first record and 10.06.2012 last record record) & class/homework evidence same period.

To compare results we used 2 groups:

Group A: a group of students that attended courses, used the e-learning platform with electronic resources and submitted homework using this solution (a number of 98 students)

Group B: a group of students that attended courses, used classic paper/listed resources and submitted homework by e-mail in traditional way (a number of 104 students).


Material and methods 2 3
Material and methods Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (2/3)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Moodle platform was installed on-line and initial settings done:

Courses were grouped on categories;

Each course was created and resources allocated;

The course was created using Topics format and at each topic we’ve defined homework tasks;

First topic and tasks were allocated as homework between first and second laboratory, second topic and tasks were allocated as homework between second and third laboratory, third topic and tasks were allocated as homework between third and fourth laboratory and so on.

Deadline was defined for homework and from the admin user we’ve defined only student and professor roles.

Assignments were defined as Advanced uploading of files section.


Material and methods 3 3
Material and methods Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (3/3)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Groups A: At first laboratory meeting, students received their homework tasks and deadline for each of the task and a complete presentations and description of the e-learning platform. A short user manual was create where all necessary steps were described (how to access, log in, view resource and homework, upload files for a homework in preliminary version, view feedback, modify homework files and upload them in final version for grade). After first laboratory meeting, each student received authentication details.

Group B: attended classes in traditional way with no e-learning support. Their material was “on paper” and homework task send as attachments by e-mail.


Contents3
Contents Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

The story

Introduction

Material and methods

Results and discussion

Conclusions


Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (1/8)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Comparing results from Group A and Group B

Benefits in using e-learning platform

Improvements inprofessor-student communication

Using e-learning changed a lot students’ perception regarding homework and their importance in the educational process.


Results and discussions 2 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (2/8)

Course participation

Group B (traditional way) vs. Group A (e-learning)

<

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 3 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (3/8)

No. of presences and absences from total face to face meetings

Group B (traditional way) vs. Group A (e-learning)

=

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 4 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (4/8)

Homework submission

Group B (traditional way) vs. Group A (e-learning)

<

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 5 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (5/8)

Change generated password

Log in vs. Log out

Success vs. Error

human error or by copy/paste solution.E.g.: auth. details are received by e-mail and in a copy/paste operation: “password”  “password ” (with extra space).

Most of the participants chose not to sign out after using the platform – result of using personal computers, their behavior is to close the browser and no sign out.

use personal computers and save their password in browser to automatically log in for next visits

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 6 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (6/8)

E-learning platform access – during semester and before/after a homework submission

Access resources

Access resources and view grades

interest for the course does not end with course end, and resources were accessed even after course completion

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 7 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (7/8)

View course colleges

Homework view and assignment

Students were interested by their group structure and colleges

Homework sections  the most accessed

An assignment upload action (homework send) was performed after an average of 4.90 assignment view (homework view)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Results and discussions 8 8
Results and discussions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow (8/8)

E.g. View tutorial and resolve after tutorial

Actions-Marks relation

influence students’ grades: students that obtained higher grades accessed more frequently the platform while students with lower grades accessed less frequently the e-learning platform.

The ratio between URL view (with a short tutorial for homework) and assignment upload action (homework submission) was recorded at the rate of 1.49 to 1– the tutorial was accessed 1.49 times to successful resolve and submit the related homework task.

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


Contents4
Contents Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Abstract

Introduction

Material and methods

Results and discussion

Conclusions


Conclusions
Conclusions Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Using e-learning platform:

Managedto allocate more time and resources for the course;

Stimulatesstudentscreativity and spirit of responsibility  to resolve and submit correct homework (deadline);

Changed students’ perceptions about homework and their importance;

Helped in class management and avoids potential errors in identification of homework senders;

was efficient and increases students’ interest for laboratory activities and homework tasks.

Future work:

to use this approach for future courses and extend using e-learning;

to use an eye tracking system to identify sections of the course resources that are first observed;

to identify and classify students’ preferences in order to create homogenous groups according to their perceptions of homework and educational process determine relevant characteristics that may influence, for example, delays in homework submissions.


Thank you for your attention! Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by research centers:

  • CercetareDezvoltare Agora (R&D Agora) of AgoraUniversity of Oradea

    (Director: I. Dzitac)

    and

    2) Mathematical Models and Information Systems, Faculty of Exact Sciences

    of AurelVlaicu University of Arad.

    (Director: I. Dzitac)

B. Benta, I. Dzitac, G. Bologa, E-Learning Platforms in Higher Education. Case Study, 3rd of June, 2014, Moscow


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