Effectiveness of Farmers Organisations in Shaping Reform Processes
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Effectiveness of Farmers Organisations in Shaping Reform Processes Carmen Suarez Senior Economist NFU. Focus on the political economy of protection Market inflexibility and difficulty in undertaking redistribution  pressure groups opposing liberalisation

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Effectiveness of Farmers Organisations in Shaping Reform ProcessesCarmen SuarezSenior EconomistNFU


  • Focus on the political economy of protection Processes

  • Market inflexibility and difficulty in undertaking redistribution  pressure groups opposing liberalisation

  • Policies are not set by the median voter preferences (assumed to be free trade)

  • Existence of a market for protection


Market for protection
Market for protection Processes

  • Demand

    Farmers’ organisations (vs. other interest groups)

  • Supply – politicians and public bureaucrats (both at the EU and national level)


Demand for protection
Demand for Protection Processes

  • Lower costs of demanding protection would lead to higher incentive to lobby (as it makes lobbying more profitable)


Demanding protection in the agricultural sector
Demanding protection in the agricultural sector Processes

  • How does it compare with other interest groups?

    • Relatively easy to organise

    • Low incidence of ‘free riding’

    • Engaging other groups in society


Supply of protection
Supply of Protection Processes

  • Government

    Re-election constraints (but not at EU level)

    Budgetary constraints

  • Public Administration – link with their ‘clientele’


Future trends
Future Trends Processes

  • ‘History does matter’ but up to a point

  • Social changes

  • Other ‘clientele’

  • Adapting to changes


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