Promoting evidence-based health policy making: The European Observatory on Health Systems & Policies
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Promoting evidence-based health policy making: The European Observatory on Health Systems & Policies (in association with the University of Pennsylvania). Context. Common health system challenges Cross country learning potential Transference of models and ideas

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Promoting evidence-based health policy making: The European Observatory on Health Systems & Policies(in association with the University of Pennsylvania)


Context
Context Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • Common health system challenges

  • Cross country learning potential

    • Transference of models and ideas

  • Limited availability of evidence about impact

    • Reforms rich in ideology but poor in knowledge

    • Transitory fashions

  • When available does not reach policy makers


Mission
Mission Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

The European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies supports and promotes evidence-based health policy-making through comprehensive and rigorous analysis of the dynamics of health care systems in Europe


Principles
Principles Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • Working in partnership with governments to comprehensively describe health care systems and the changes they undergo

  • Comparative analysis of existing evidence

  • Bridging the gap between scientific evidence and the needs of policy makers

  • Development of practical lessons and options in health policy making


Partners
Partners Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • WHO Regional Office for Europe

  • 8 governments (Belgium, Finland, Greece, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Veneto Region of Italy),

  • European Investment Bank, World Bank

  • Open Society Institute

  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London School of Economics & Political Science, CRP-Santé Luxembourg


Health care systems in transition hit country profiles
Health Care Systems in Transition (HiT) country profiles Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • Analytical description of health care system and of reform initiatives in progress or under development

  • Covers (almost) all 52 Member States of WHO European Region (European Union, central and eastern Europe, former Soviet Union, South-East Europe, Turkey, Israel etc.) plus Mongolia


2 comparative analysis studies
2. Comparative analysis / studies Observatory on Health Systems & Policies


2. Comparative analysis / studies Observatory on Health Systems & Policies


www.observatory.dk Observatory on Health Systems & Policies


The health workforce from today s newspaper
The health workforce: Observatory on Health Systems & PoliciesFrom today’s newspaper

Jobs shortage for new doctorsBMA chief warns that thousands trained in Britain may need to emigrate

The Observer, 25th June 2006


Who is in charge
Who is in charge? Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • “in four days my bedding was only changed once although soiled by blood, IV fluids, and a leaky catheter”

  • “despite high fever and being constrained by attachment to an IV, my sheets were never even straightened”

  • “a cannula was replaced at one point but the old one was not removed for three hours because the nurses and the phlebotomist could not agree whose responsibility this was”

  • “three staff nurses remarked in a 10 minute period on how I was due for paracetamol but none returned to give me the tablet”

Anonymous: Four days in a strange place. J Health Serv Res Pol 2006


To put it mildly
… to put it mildly Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • “perhaps the most telling example, though, was the struggle over my attempt to get discharged. … the only reason for detaining me was that I was receiving IV antibiotics. I pointed out firmly and repeatedly that this was absurd, since I could easily come and get these as an outpatient… junior clinicians told me it was organisationally impossible, but the consultant let slip that the problem was that they would have to ask the nurses to do them a favour by agreeing to manage the infusion”


The problem
The problem… Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • “Care was being delivered by a group of professional and semi-professional workers, each of whom occupied their own silo, occasionally picking up information from others to initiate some action, or acting in ways that triggered actions by others, but who were unable to see how they formed part of a whole system”


Moving ahead
Moving ahead Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • Supply strategies

    • Need for vastly improved forecasting methods

    • … which take account of the unknowable

  • Education and training strategies

    • Adapting training to needs

    • Life long learning

  • Working environment strategies

    • Creating places where people want to work


The unknowable
The unknowable Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

“there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. But there are also unknown unknowns, the ones we don’t know we don’t know. And … it is the latter category that tend to be the difficult ones.”


Moving ahead1
Moving ahead Observatory on Health Systems & Policies

  • Supply strategies

    • Need for vastly improved forecasting methods

    • … which take account of the unknowable

  • Education and training strategies

    • Adapting training to needs

    • Life long learning

  • Working environment strategies

    • Creating places where people want to work


As does a trained workforce

“OK, we’ll vote. How many say the heart has four chambers?”

… Trained staff don’t appear overnight

… as does a trained workforce


Moving ahead2
Moving ahead chambers?”

  • Supply strategies

    • Need for vastly improved forecasting methods

    • … which take account of the unknowable

  • Education and training strategies

    • Adapting training to needs

    • Life long learning

  • Working environment strategies

    • Creating places where people want to work


A happy workforce makes a difference
A happy workforce makes a difference chambers?”

  • 39 hospitals defined prospectively as providing a good nursing environment;

  • matched with 195 controls with similar characteristics in other areas;

  • after adjustment for severity; magnet hospitals had a 4.6% lower mortality rate

  • board certification, technology etc.. not relevant

Source: Aiken & Sloane


Further reading
Further reading chambers?”


What are the critical gaps in the health workforce
What are the critical gaps in the health workforce chambers?”

  • What are the critical challenges facing the health care workforce in the 21st century?

    • Nigel Edwards

  • What are the critical skills that we will need (and who will have them) to meet those challenges?

    • Bonnie Sibbald

  • What are the regulatory challenges to closing these critical workforce gaps?

    • Carl Ardy Dubois

  • Discussion

    • Julie Sochalski


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