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ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa Beyond Primary Education: Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa. Session 5: Issues of Access and Equity “Mapping Non-formal Education at Post-primary Educational level in Uganda” Presenter: Twine Bananuka.

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ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Session 5: Issues of Access and Equity

“Mapping Non-formal Education at Post-primary Educational level in Uganda”

Presenter: Twine Bananuka

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Problem statement

  • In 1997, The government of Uganda introduced UPE which saw enrolment rise from 3 to about 7.5 million

  • The upsurge strained school infrastructure and has since 2003 translated in higher demand for PPET

  • PPET largely favors mainstream schooling and cannot accommodate the increased demand

  • This has since prompted debates in alternative pathways to PPET

  • Hence an exploratory study of NFE as an alternative avenue for PPET

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Research methodology

  • The study was largely a desktop review.

  • Data and relevant literature was extracted from MoES, Higher Institutions of learning, development partners, and selected NFE centers

  • A purposive sampling was carried out, key informants interviewed in order to get first hand information for enrichment and triangulation

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Main results

  • Supportive structures and Efforts for PBNFE are highly fragmented

  • Marginalized groups benefit more from PBNFE

  • There is growing public support for NFE at all levels as an alternative access route to education

  • There has been pressure from NGOs and development partners for NFE

  • Lack of a clear linkage between PBNFE and FE

  • Government is seemingly supportive of NFE but:

    • points to limited resource envelop

    • There is no policy in place for PBNFE

    • A number of policies render some credence to NFE

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Main lessons learned

  • It is largely impossible for any future educational programmes to pass without due consideration of NFE

  • The role of NGOs and development partners is critical in policy formulation and implementation

  • Governments are willing to adopt pro-people policies but only limited by resource envelop

  • There is government commitment to the adherence of EFA, MDGs and other international conventions and protocols

  • EFA cannot be realized unless NFE is given a special attention

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


ADEA 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond Primary Education:

Challenges and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in Africa

Conclusions: Main messages

  • Given the country(s) commitment to realize EFA goals, there is a promising future to NFE.

  • There appears to be a general consensus among stakeholders that NFE is an indispensable access route to education at PPE level

  • NFE should therefore be seen as another important avenue for provision of education and not a mere alternative

  • Just as the case of Uganda, it does not necessarily follow that availability of formal schooling implies total enrolment.

Beyond Primary Education: Challenges of and Approaches to Expanding Learning Opportunities in AfricaAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education


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