Utopias dystopias and science fiction
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Utopias, Dystopias and Science Fiction. “No Place” Model of the good society Unrealistic daydream. “The Good Place ” Ambiguity of terms Dream place. Utopia Eutopia. Aspects of Utopias . Art Consumerism Time – energy Social responsibility Punishment Women / Sex

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Utopias, Dystopias and Science Fiction

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Utopias dystopias and science fiction

Utopias, Dystopias and Science Fiction


Utopia eutopia

“No Place”

Model of the good society

Unrealistic daydream

“The Good Place”

Ambiguity of terms

Dream place

Utopia Eutopia


Aspects of utopias

Aspects of Utopias

  • Art

  • Consumerism

  • Time – energy

  • Social responsibility

  • Punishment

  • Women / Sex

  • Education and upbringing


Works

Works

  • Aldous Huxley – Brave New World, 1932

  • James Hilton – Lost Horizons, 1933

  • B. F. Skinner – Walden Two, 1948

  • George Orwell, 1984, 1949

  • Ray Bradbury – Fahrenheit 451, 1950

  • Aldous Huxley – Island, 1962

  • Philip K. Dick – Do Androids--, 1965


Dystopia

Dystopia

  • Society unworthy of humans

  • Totalitarian state (1984, Kallocain)

  • Developmental derailment (Fahrenheit 451)

  • No choice

  • No freedom

  • No alternatives

  • Equilibrium


Dystopias

Dystopias

  • Social restrictions

  • Egalitarian – no excelling

  • Only the State

  • Religion as control

  • Family non-existent

  • City / Nature

  • Politics / Control


Dystopias1

Dystopias

  • Economy: state / individual

  • Back-story

  • Technology – future

  • No Visitor – but a Hero

  • Confrontation with powers

  • No success

  • Subversion / Escape


New wave

New Wave

  • Mid-60s

  • Concern for humanistic values and experimental techniques

  • Brian Aldiss (Hothouse, 1962)

  • James Ballard (Crash, 1973)

  • Harlan Ellison (A Boy and his Dog, 1969)


Cyberpunk

Cyberpunk

  • 1980s

  • Decentralized societies

  • Dominated by technology and science

  • Style mirroring the confusing and dazzling world (post-modernity)

  • William Gibson – Neuromancer, 1984


Questions

Questions

  • Compare and contrast the Utopias / Dystopias in Gulliver’s Travels and NielsKlim.

  • Focus on the descriptions of:

  • Education, Ethics, and Morals

  • War and Enemies

  • Politics

  • The Prince and his Court

  • Everyday Life


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