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Age of Exploration. 1450-1750. Portugal was the first European country to establish trading outposts in AFRICA. The Portuguese believed to get to ASIA by sea they would have to sail around the tip of Africa ( CAPE of GOOD HOPE ). PORTUGAL LEADS THE WAY:.

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portugal leads the way

Portugal was the first European country to establish trading outposts in AFRICA.The Portuguese believed to get to ASIA by sea they would have to sail around the tip of Africa (CAPE of GOOD HOPE)

PORTUGAL LEADS THE WAY:

portugal leads the way1

1488 – Portuguese explorer BARTOLOMEU DIAS was the first to sail around AFRICA but did not continue on to Asia

PORTUGAL LEADS THE WAY:

portugal leads the way2

1498- Portuguese explorer VASCO DA GAMA rounded the Cape of Good Hope and reached INDIA

PORTUGAL LEADS THE WAY:

  • IMPACTS:
  • All water trade route to Asia
  • Portugal built a tradingempire in the Indian Ocean
  • Broke up the MUSLIM - ITALIANdomination in the Asian trade market
portugal leads the way3

how:

  • Portugal sold goods much CHEAPER(about 1/5 the cost)
  • As a result of Portugal’s SUCCESSother European nations wanted to establish their own TRADING empires in ASIA

PORTUGAL LEADS THE WAY:

slide6

SPAIN:

In Spain, MUSLIMS called Moors controlled the country from 700’S until the 1100’S

slide7

SPAIN:

Christians tried to win back control and began the RECONQUISTA

RECONQUISTA- campaign to recapture Spain from the Muslims

By the 1400’s the Muslims were driven out of most of Spain – the only area they held onto was GRANADA

slide8

SPAIN:

In 1492 the Muslims were defeated in Granada by the Christian army

Spain was united by the rule of King FERDINAND and Queen ISABELLA

slide9

SPAIN:

They set up a rigid CATHOLIC society to increase their power

INQUISITION - this was a court held by the church under their rule

slide10

SPAIN:

People whose RELIGIOUS beliefs differed from the teachings of the Church were labeled HERETICS - brutally tortured

Most were JEWS & MUSLIMS

Later in 1492 all JEWS and MUSLIMS were expelled from Spain

slide11

SPAIN:

With the help of the INQUISITION Spain was unified under Christianity

The success of PORTUGAL inspired Spain to try and gain a share of the WEALTHY spice trade in Asia

slide12

SPAIN:

In Italian sailor Christopher Columbus convinced Spain to his plan of reaching Asia by sailing across the Atlantic Ocean

He set out in August with three ships:

1492

FINANCE

WEST

SANTA MARIA

NINA

PINTA

slide13

SPAIN:

Two months later, Columbus thought he had reached the islands off the coast of (East Indies) when in fact he landed in the , he mistakenly called the natives who greeted him

INDIA

CARIBBEAN

INDIANS

http://dase.laits.utexas.edu/media/not_even_past/mp3/100503688.mp3

slide15

SPAIN:

Columbus made additional voyages and claimed land for Spain

The Spanish intended to transform these lands into

: lands that are controlled by another nation

Columbus’ first trip opened the way for

and forever changed the world

THREE

COLONIES

COLONIES

COLONIZATION

slide16

SPAIN: CONFLICT WITH PORTUGAL

  • Portugal believed Columbus claimed lands for Spain that they had previously visited; they too sent explorers West:
  • 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral – claimed
  • 1507 Amerigo Vespucci – realized land was NOT Asia but a new
  • 1519 Ferdinand Magellan – sailed around South America into the ; became the first to circumnavigate the world
  • TREATY OF TORDESILLAS– imaginary dividing line for claiming lands signed by Spain & Portugal

BRAZIL

CONTINENT

PACIFIC

SAIL AROUND

slide17

SPAIN IN AMERICA:

Following Columbus – many Spaniards traveled to the Americas

Why?

(gold) & spread (God) These explorers were called

The Spanish were the European settlers in the Americas – they established in Mexico, South America, and the United States

CHRISTIANITY

WEALTH

CONQUISTADORS

FIRST

COLONIES

slide18

SPAIN IN AMERICA:

EXAMPLES:

FRANCISCO PIZZARO

HERNANDO CORTES

1532 – conquered INCAS and captured city of Cuzco in 1533

1521 – conquered AZTECS and conquered Mexico for Spain

slide19

SPAIN IN AMERICA:

EXAMPLES:

Ponce De Leon Coronado

FloridaSouthwest U.S.

“Fountain of Youth”

slide21

SPAIN IN AMERICA:

Superior - armor, muskets, cannons, horses

Many Native Americans the harsh rule of Aztecs & Incas (willing to help Spanish – hoped life would improve with change)

- Native Americans were exposed to new ones:

Had no - killed millions

WEAPONRY

HATED

DISEASES

MEASLES, MUMPS, SMALL POX, TYPHUS

IMMUNITY

slide22

SPANISH EMPIRE:

During the the Spanish Empire spread from

to South America – Spain brought many changes to the Americas

1500’s

CALIFORNIA

1) GOVERNMENT

2) RELIGION

3) CULTURE

slide23

4) ECONOMY

Spanish set up the system:

Land in America was given to conquistadors or landlords by the Spanish government – landlords forced natives to farm, ranch, mine for them (form of

Spanish the land for its resources and treated the natives - many abuses of

rights

ENCOMIENDA

SLAVERY

EXPLOITED

BADLY

HUMAN

slide24

5) SOCIAL CLASSES

I. PENINSULARES

II. CREOLES

III. MESTIZOS

IV. MULATTOES

AFRICAN

V. NATIVE Americans & slaves

slide25

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Robert Simmon and RetoStöckli. Sydney, Australia. Digital image. Fotopedia. NASA Earth Observatory, 12 Oct. 2005. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-7651359238>.

Portuguese. Retrato De Vasco Da Gama.png. Digital image. Wikipedia. Mediawiki, n.d. Web. 8 May 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Retrato_de_Vasco_da_Gama.png>.

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