Vce english language
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

VCE English Language PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 122 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

VCE English Language. Revision Outcome 1, Unit 1 The Nature and Functions of Language. Language. Write down in your books what you think language is. At what age do you think that children ‘know’ a language? Is language just vocabulary?. Metalanguage.

Download Presentation

VCE English Language

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Vce english language

VCE English Language

Revision Outcome 1, Unit 1

The Nature and Functions of Language


Language

Language

  • Write down in your books what you think language is.

  • At what age do you think that children ‘know’ a language?

  • Is language just vocabulary?


Metalanguage

Metalanguage

  • Write down a definition of metalanguage

  • What are the five subsystems which from the metalanguage in linguistics?


Subsystems

Subsystems


F netiks nd f nolodgi

fnetiks nd fnolodgi

  • Phonetics – the study of the speech sounds of all human languages

  • Phonology – the study of the sound systems of language

  • Important to listen to the sounds that are made and represent them with symbols that more accurately reflect them


Morphology and lexicology

Morphology and Lexicology

  • Morphemes are the smallest unit of meaning

  • Can be free or bound

  • Free can stand alone

  • Bound must be attached to another morpheme

  • Prefix – attached to the front of a stem

  • Stem – stand alone morpheme


Morphemes cont

Morphemes (cont.)

  • Suffix – morpheme attached to the end of a stem

  • Inflectional morphemes – give grammatical information

  • Derivational morphemes – change the class of a word

  • Give two examples of each of these


Word classes

Word Classes

  • Nouns – words that name things

  • Verbs – action or state of being words

  • Adjectives – describe nouns

  • Adverbs – describe the action of a verb

  • Prepositions – show how things are related

  • Conjunctions – join clauses

  • Pronouns – in place of nouns

  • Articles – The, A, An.


Syntax

Syntax

  • The way we arrange words in a sentence

  • Subject – the person or thing the sentence is about

  • Predicate – what is said about the subject

  • Phrase – group of related words

  • Clause – group of related words containing a subject (noun) and predicate (verb)


Types of clause

Types of Clause

  • Independent – (or main) clauses can stand on their own in a sentence

  • Dependent – (or subordinate) clauses can’t stand on their own

  • Relative clause – a dependent clause that describes the noun it relates to. It is introduced with who, which, that and relates to the noun in the main clause


Clauses and sentences

Clauses and sentences

  • Adverbial clauses – answer the questions how, when, where and why about the verb.

  • Compound sentences – tow or more simple sentences joined by a conjunction or separated by a comma, semi-colon or colon.

  • Complex sentences – main clause plus one or two subordinate clauses


Sentence types

Sentence Types

  • Declarative – state facts

  • Imperative – commands or orders

  • Exclamative – expression of strong emotion

  • Interrogative - questions


Semantics

Semantics

  • Study of meaning in language

  • Connotation – associated meaning

  • Denotation – dictionary meaning


Discourse analysis

Discourse Analysis

  • Discourse – can be spoken or written; it is a connected series of utterances or sentences.

  • To study or examine a discourse to show the structure

    or essence


  • Login