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Functional Groups. Draw & name 5 isomers of C 5 H 8. Name the following:. OH. O. Draw & name 5 types of isomers of:. OH. O. Draw & Name Isomers of: C 4 H 6. Functional Groups. Chemically active part of an organic compound. Functional Groups.

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Functional Groups

  • Chemically active part of an organic compound


Functional Groups

  • Anything other than singularly bonded carbon & hydrogen in an organic compound


Functional Groups

  • The name of any organic compound ends with the suffix for the most important functional group


Terminology

  • R- represents the part of the organic compound you are not referring to


Terminology

  • R-OH

  • -OH is the functional group

  • R- anything else


Alkene

  • C=C


Alkyne

  • C=C


Halides

  • R-X

  • X = F, Cl, Br, or I

  • haloalkane

  • alkylhalide


Alcohols

  • R-OH

  • hydroxyalkane

  • alkanol


Ethers

  • R1-O-R2

  • alkylalkylether

  • alkoxyalkane


Name the following
Name the following:

OH Cl

CH CH

H3C CH2 CH3


Ketones

  • O

  • R-C-R

  • Oxy or ketoalkane

  • alkanone


Aldehydes

O

  • R-C-H

  • alkanal

  • alkanaldehyde


Carboxylic Acid

  • O

  • R-C-OH

  • Alkanoic Acid


Homework
Homework

  • Draw & Name 5 isomers of C4H8O


Name the following:

  • CH3-CH2-CH2-OH

  • CH3-CH2-O- CH2-CH3

  • O

  • CH3-CH2-C-CH2-CH3


Name the following:

O O

C C

H3C CH OH

OH


Name the following:

  • O

  • CH3-CH2-CH2-C-OH

  • O

  • CH3-CH2-C-H


Esters

  • O

  • R1-C-O-R2

  • Alkylalkanoate



Anhydrides

  • O O

  • R1-C-O-C-R2

  • Alkanoicalkanoic anhydride


Amines

  • R-NH2

  • Aminoalkane

  • alkylamine


Primary Amines

  • R-NH2

  • Aminoalkane

  • alkylamine


Secondary Amines

  • R2

  • R1-NH

  • Alkylalkylamine


Tertiary Amines

  • R2

  • R1-N-R3

  • Alkylalkylalkylamine


Quaternary Amines

  • R2

  • R1-N-R3

  • R4

  • Tetraalkylammonium


Amides

  • O

  • R1-C-NH2

  • Alkanoamide


Nitrile

  • R-C=N

  • Cyanoalkane

  • Alkanonitrile


Homework

  • Draw & Name 5 isomers of C3H7NO


Cyanate

  • R-O-C=N

  • Alkylcyanate


Isocyanate

  • R-N=C=O

  • Alkylisocyanate



Thiol

  • R-SH

  • Sulfhydrylalkane

  • Mercaptoalkane

  • Alkanethiol


Sulfide

  • R1-S-R2

  • Alkylalkylsulfide

  • Alkylalkylthioether


Disulfide

  • R1-S-S-R2

  • Alkylalkyldisulfide


Thioesters

  • O

  • R1-C-S-R2

  • Alkylthioalkanoate


Thiocyanate

  • R-S-C=N

  • Alkylthiocyanate


Isothiocyanate

  • R-N=C=S

  • Alkylisothiocyanate


Name the following1
Name the following:

N

C

O

C

NH2

OH


Phosphates

  • O

  • R-O-P-O-1

  • O-1

  • Alkylphosphate


Diphosphates

  • O O

  • R-O-P-O-P-O-1

  • O-1 O-1

  • Alkyldiphosphate


Triphosphates

  • O O O

  • R-O-P-O-P-O-P-O-1

  • O-1 O-1 O-1

  • Alkyltriphosphate


Phosphodiester

  • O

  • R1-O-P-O-R2

  • O-1

  • Alkylalkylphosphate


Name the following:

Cl

O

C

OH

SH

NH


Drill
Drill:

Draw & Name 5 Isomers of:

C3H6SO



Name the following:

PO4-2

O

O

O




Name the following:

N

C

NH2 O

OH

OH


Name the following:

N

C

S

O

O

Br





Draw the following
Draw the Following:

  • 3-methyl-5-propyl-octanoamide

  • Octylbutanoate


Draw the Following:

  • Aceticpentanoic anhydride

  • 2-cyano-3-mercaptohexanoic acid



Draw:

  • 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-benzoamide


Drill: Draw:

  • 4-hydroxy-2-mercapto-4-pentenoic acid




O

R C

O R





O

R C

OH


  • O

  • C

  • R R



O O

C C

R O R



H

:N R

R


O

R C

NH2


O

R C

H



R1-O-R2



R +

R N R

R



R1-S-R2


O

R C

S R



O -2

O P O R

O


R

:N R

R




Drill name
Drill: Name:

NH2

OH

O

SH





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