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Ranchers & Farmers. Pgs. 526-543. Ranchers. WHO: Spanish and Mexican settlers- vaqueros Veterans of the Confederate Army African Americans Native Americans WHAT: Went on cattle drives to cow-towns & railroads

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ranchers farmers

Ranchers & Farmers

Pgs. 526-543

ranchers
Ranchers
  • WHO:
    • Spanish and Mexican settlers-vaqueros
    • Veterans of the Confederate Army
    • African Americans
    • Native Americans
  • WHAT:
    • Went on cattle drives to cow-towns & railroads
    • The Long Drive-herding cattle over 1,000 miles to reach railroads for shipping
    • Dangers/hardships
      • storms
      • stampedes
      • rustlers (cattle thieves)
ranchers1
Ranchers
  • When?
    • Cattle worth increased dramatically in 1866
    • 1860’s-1880’s
    • mid 1880’s -“Cattle Kingdom” ended (too many cattle caused prices to fall)
  • Where?
    • Kansas
    • Texas
    • Wyoming
  • Why?
    • High profits
    • Railroads made the shipping of cattle easier
farmers
Farmers
  • Who?
    • Immigrants
    • Women-single & widowed
    • Families- women played key role
    • African Americans called exodusters
  • What?
    • Plains farmers known as sodbusters (houses were made of sod)
    • Used dry farming- planting seeds deep in the ground to reach water
    • Dangers/hardships:
      • floods & droughts
      • brush fire
      • plagues of insects
      • deep snow
farmers1
Farmers
  • When?
    • 1860’s-1870’s
    • April 22, 1889- The “Oklahoma Land Rush” (homesteaders rushed out to claim land in Oklahoma)
  • Where?
    • Great Plains
  • Why?
    • Railroads made journey to the west easier
    • Free land- Homestead Act gave 160 free acres of land to settlers
    • Safety for former slaves
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