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Ranchers & Farmers. Pgs. 526-543. Ranchers. WHO: Spanish and Mexican settlers- vaqueros Veterans of the Confederate Army African Americans Native Americans WHAT: Went on cattle drives to cow-towns & railroads

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Ranchers & Farmers

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Ranchers farmers

Ranchers & Farmers

Pgs. 526-543


Ranchers

Ranchers

  • WHO:

    • Spanish and Mexican settlers-vaqueros

    • Veterans of the Confederate Army

    • African Americans

    • Native Americans

  • WHAT:

    • Went on cattle drives to cow-towns & railroads

    • The Long Drive-herding cattle over 1,000 miles to reach railroads for shipping

    • Dangers/hardships

      • storms

      • stampedes

      • rustlers (cattle thieves)


Ranchers1

Ranchers

  • When?

    • Cattle worth increased dramatically in 1866

    • 1860’s-1880’s

    • mid 1880’s -“Cattle Kingdom” ended (too many cattle caused prices to fall)

  • Where?

    • Kansas

    • Texas

    • Wyoming

  • Why?

    • High profits

    • Railroads made the shipping of cattle easier


Farmers

Farmers

  • Who?

    • Immigrants

    • Women-single & widowed

    • Families- women played key role

    • African Americans called exodusters

  • What?

    • Plains farmers known as sodbusters (houses were made of sod)

    • Used dry farming- planting seeds deep in the ground to reach water

    • Dangers/hardships:

      • floods & droughts

      • brush fire

      • plagues of insects

      • deep snow


Farmers1

Farmers

  • When?

    • 1860’s-1870’s

    • April 22, 1889- The “Oklahoma Land Rush” (homesteaders rushed out to claim land in Oklahoma)

  • Where?

    • Great Plains

  • Why?

    • Railroads made journey to the west easier

    • Free land- Homestead Act gave 160 free acres of land to settlers

    • Safety for former slaves


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