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Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941). Mr. Dzicek U.S. 11. Terms & People to Know. FDR Eleanor Roosevelt New Deal Fireside chat Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits. Terms & People to Know.

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Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941)

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Ch 22 the new deal 1932 1941 l.jpg

Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941)

Mr. Dzicek

U.S. 11


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Terms & People to Know

  • FDR

  • Eleanor Roosevelt

  • New Deal

  • Fireside chat

  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits


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Terms & People to Know

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)- designed to regulate stock market and make safer for investors.

  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)- designed to end overproduction of crops and to raise prices.

  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)- built dams, controlled floods, generated electricity.


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Terms & People to Know

  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- employed young men to build up America’s infrastructure.

  • National Recovery Administration (NRA)- established codes for industry (min. wage, set prices)- designed to increase wages to workers could buy products.


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Terms & People to Know

  • Public Works Administration (PWA)- built up infrastructure (bridges, roads, dams, power plants, government buildings)- created lots of jobs.

  • American Liberty League- Consisted of critics of FDR’s New Deal.

  • Huey Long

  • Charles Coughlin


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Terms & People to Know

  • Second New Deal- focused more on general welfare of the people.

  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)- similar to the CCC, but employed more diverse group of people.

  • John Maynard Keynes- British economist; argued that deficit spending was needed to get America out of the depression.


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Terms & People to Know

  • Pump priming- put money into hands of consumers… they buy more goods.

  • Social Security Act (1935)- established a pension system for retirees and provided unemployment insurance. (Note: Did not apply to African Americans. Women and widows received limited amounts)


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Terms & People to Know

  • Rural Electrification Administration- provided money to electrical companies so that the companies could provide electricity to farms.

  • Wagner Act- recognized the right of employees to join labor unions and gave workers collective bargaining.


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Terms & People to Know

  • Fair Labor Standards Act 91938)- established min. wage, and max. work week (44 hrs.)

  • Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)- Union that appealed to more groups of people than the AFL.

  • United Automobile Workers Union (UAW)- staged the sit-down strike in Detroit. (1936).


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Terms & People to Know

  • Court packing- FDR’s attempt to place more judges in the U.S. Supreme Court. (In order to get more to agree on New Deal).

  • Black Cabinet- African American leaders that helped advise FDR.

  • Mary McLeod Bethune- member of Black Cabinent. Fought for racial equality.

  • Indian New Deal- gave Native American economic assistance and greater control over their own affairs.


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Terms & People to Know

  • New Deal Coalition- very diverse group that supported FDR. (southern whites, northern blue collar workers, poor midwestern farmers, African Americans).

  • Welfare state- government assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of children, poor, elderly, sick, disabled, unemployed.

  • Frank Capra- director. Movies focused on ordinary Americans struggling.


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Terms & People to Know

  • Federal Art Project- offered jobs to artists (murals, paintings, folklores, guidebooks, recorded oral histories of slaves, etc.)


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Questions to Consider

  • How did the New Deal attempt to address the problems of the depression?

  • What were the two major criticisms of FDR’s New Deal economic policies?

  • What major issues did the Second New Deal address?

  • How did the New Deal affect trade unions?


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Questions to Consider

  • What setbacks did Roosevelt face during his second term as President?

  • What was the Court Packing Scheme? Was it justified?

  • How did the New Deal change the social, economic, and political landscape of the United States for future generations?


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Questions to Consider

  • What impact did the New Deal have on women?

  • How did the New Deal affect African Americans? Native Americans?

  • How did New Deal policies affect ethnic and social divisions?

  • In what ways did the role of the federal government grow during FDR’s presidency?


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Questions to Consider

  • How did the men and women of the depression find relief from their hardships in the popular culture?


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The BIG Question

  • How did the New Deal respond to the ravages of the depression and change the role of the federal government?


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