ch 22 the new deal 1932 1941
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Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941)

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Ch.22 The New Deal (1932-1941). Mr. Dzicek U.S. 11. Terms & People to Know. FDR Eleanor Roosevelt New Deal Fireside chat Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits. Terms & People to Know.

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terms people to know
Terms & People to Know
  • FDR
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • New Deal
  • Fireside chat
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits
terms people to know3
Terms & People to Know
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)- designed to regulate stock market and make safer for investors.
  • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)- designed to end overproduction of crops and to raise prices.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)- built dams, controlled floods, generated electricity.
terms people to know4
Terms & People to Know
  • Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)- employed young men to build up America’s infrastructure.
  • National Recovery Administration (NRA)- established codes for industry (min. wage, set prices)- designed to increase wages to workers could buy products.
terms people to know5
Terms & People to Know
  • Public Works Administration (PWA)- built up infrastructure (bridges, roads, dams, power plants, government buildings)- created lots of jobs.
  • American Liberty League- Consisted of critics of FDR’s New Deal.
  • Huey Long
  • Charles Coughlin
terms people to know6
Terms & People to Know
  • Second New Deal- focused more on general welfare of the people.
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA)- similar to the CCC, but employed more diverse group of people.
  • John Maynard Keynes- British economist; argued that deficit spending was needed to get America out of the depression.
terms people to know7
Terms & People to Know
  • Pump priming- put money into hands of consumers… they buy more goods.
  • Social Security Act (1935)- established a pension system for retirees and provided unemployment insurance. (Note: Did not apply to African Americans. Women and widows received limited amounts)
terms people to know8
Terms & People to Know
  • Rural Electrification Administration- provided money to electrical companies so that the companies could provide electricity to farms.
  • Wagner Act- recognized the right of employees to join labor unions and gave workers collective bargaining.
terms people to know9
Terms & People to Know
  • Fair Labor Standards Act 91938)- established min. wage, and max. work week (44 hrs.)
  • Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)- Union that appealed to more groups of people than the AFL.
  • United Automobile Workers Union (UAW)- staged the sit-down strike in Detroit. (1936).
terms people to know10
Terms & People to Know
  • Court packing- FDR’s attempt to place more judges in the U.S. Supreme Court. (In order to get more to agree on New Deal).
  • Black Cabinet- African American leaders that helped advise FDR.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune- member of Black Cabinent. Fought for racial equality.
  • Indian New Deal- gave Native American economic assistance and greater control over their own affairs.
terms people to know11
Terms & People to Know
  • New Deal Coalition- very diverse group that supported FDR. (southern whites, northern blue collar workers, poor midwestern farmers, African Americans).
  • Welfare state- government assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of children, poor, elderly, sick, disabled, unemployed.
  • Frank Capra- director. Movies focused on ordinary Americans struggling.
terms people to know12
Terms & People to Know
  • Federal Art Project- offered jobs to artists (murals, paintings, folklores, guidebooks, recorded oral histories of slaves, etc.)
questions to consider
Questions to Consider
  • How did the New Deal attempt to address the problems of the depression?
  • What were the two major criticisms of FDR’s New Deal economic policies?
  • What major issues did the Second New Deal address?
  • How did the New Deal affect trade unions?
questions to consider14
Questions to Consider
  • What setbacks did Roosevelt face during his second term as President?
  • What was the Court Packing Scheme? Was it justified?
  • How did the New Deal change the social, economic, and political landscape of the United States for future generations?
questions to consider15
Questions to Consider
  • What impact did the New Deal have on women?
  • How did the New Deal affect African Americans? Native Americans?
  • How did New Deal policies affect ethnic and social divisions?
  • In what ways did the role of the federal government grow during FDR’s presidency?
questions to consider16
Questions to Consider
  • How did the men and women of the depression find relief from their hardships in the popular culture?
the big question
The BIG Question
  • How did the New Deal respond to the ravages of the depression and change the role of the federal government?