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A Critical Perspective on Confucianism: From Yin-Yang Harmony with Nature to Oppression Toward Women
Sung Hyun Yun, PhD, MSW
March 21st, 2012
Freed Orman Centre Assumption
2011 – 2012 HRG Fellowship
Humanities Research Group
With special thanks to Dr. Antonio Rossini
Director, Humanities Research Group
Languages, Literatures & Cultures
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
1) Women must be obedient to her father before being married,
2) Women must be obedient to her husband after being married, &
3) Women must be obedient to her son after her husband dies.
Literature on gender-specific problems in the Asian communities can be explained by a certain cultural commonality imbedded in their lifestyle, their ways of thinking, their behavior, and their relationships with others.
What are the examples of yin and yang harmony?
“When a son is born, he is cradled on the bed.He is clothed in robes, given a jade scepter as toy.His lusty cries portend his vigour, he shall wear bright, red knee-caps, shall be the lord of a house.
When a daughter is born, she is cradled on the floor.She is clothed in swaddling-bands, given a loom as toy.She shall wear no badges of honour shall only take care of food and drink,and not cause trouble to her parents.” (Book of Odes, no. 189 cited by Gulik, 1961, pp. 15-16)
CIA, “China” CIA World Factbook (2011)
World Bank, “Sex Ratio at Birth: Females per 1000 males,” Gender Stats.
Family dynamic, ying-yang relations, and strength perspectives.