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PSY 270 COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY. Week 8 Day 1. Schedule. Exam Thursday Group work day on Tuesday, come to class If all groups are not represented, I will not offer any more work days. Outline today. Ecology Sense of Community Exam Review. Barker: Ecological Psych & Behavior Settings.

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Presentation Transcript
schedule
Schedule
  • Exam Thursday
  • Group work day on Tuesday, come to class
  • If all groups are not represented, I will not offer any more work days.
outline today
Outline today
  • Ecology
  • Sense of Community
  • Exam Review
barker ecological psych behavior settings
Barker: Ecological Psych & Behavior Settings
  • Behavior settings
  • Underpopulated settings
  • Limitations
  • Contributions
kelly four ecological principles
Kelly Four Ecological Principles
  • Interdependence
  • Cycling of resources
  • Adaptation
  • Succession
  • Contributions
  • Limitations
moos social climate
Moos: Social Climate
  • Relationship
  • Personal development
  • System maintenance & change
  • Limitations
  • Contributions
seidman social regularities
Seidman: Social Regularities
  • Definition
  • Routine patterns of social relations among the elements within a setting over time
  • Focus on roles and relationships not individuals (power)
  • Limitations
  • Contributions
environmental psychology
Environmental Psychology
  • Physical environment influence on behavior
  • Useful at microsystem, neighborhood and community
sense of community
Sense of Community
  • Types of Communities
  • McMillan-Chavis Model
  • Types of Neighborhoods
types of communities
Types of Communities
  • Broadly defined, a community is any group of 2 or more individuals who share something in common, but feel different from others in some way:
  • Kenneth Heller (1989) – Conceptualizes Community in 3 ways:
    • 1. Geographic Community/Locality – membership based on locale (i.e., city, town, neighborhood).
    • 2. Relational Community – membership based on social interaction (i.e., families, clubs, organizations, groups).
    • 3. Community as Collective Power – membership based on a shared goal and emerge when people together for some unified action.
mcmillan chavis model of sense of community
McMillan-Chavis Model of Sense of Community
  • Membership
    • Sense of investment and belonging
  • Influence
    • Power individuals exert on community and power that the group exerts on individuals
  • Integration and fulfillment of needs
    • Shared values among members, exchange of resources
  • Shared emotional connection
    • “spiritual bond” by shared history among members
types of neighborhoods warren warren 1977
Types of Neighborhoods (Warren & Warren, 1977)
  • Integral
  • Parochial
  • Diffuse
  • Stepping Stone
  • Transitory
  • Anomic
review
Review
  • From colleagues in class
  • Chapters 5, 6 & 7 notes on web
  • Multiple choice
  • Short answer
  • Essays
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