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Elementary Classroom Management. Chapter 2: Designing the Physical Environment. Six Functions of the Classroom Setting. Security and Shelter Physical Protection from weather, noise, odors, extreme temperatures, etc…

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elementary classroom management

Elementary Classroom Management

Chapter 2: Designing the Physical Environment

six functions of the classroom setting
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Security and Shelter
    • Physical
      • Protection from weather, noise, odors, extreme temperatures, etc…
      • Dangerous supplies need to be kept and handled according to state regulation
      • Wide aisles and spaces for children with wheel chairs and crutches
six functions of the classroom setting1
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Security and Shelter
    • Psychological
      • Students should feel safe and comfortable
      • Have some “soft” surfaces (pillows, plants, beanbags, stuffed animals)
        • Be careful of allergies and germs. Have removable pillow cases or vinyl that can be cleaned.
      • Separate quiet spaces from noisy distracting spots
      • Provide places where students can retreat
        • Low partitions, cardboard dividers
six functions of the classroom setting2
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Social Contact
    • Students’ Interaction with Other Students
      • Arrange desks according to how much interaction you want them to have
        • Clusters work for small group work and integrating students from different cultures
        • Rows work for individual assignments and increase students’ time-on-task, especially in disruptive children
      • On a carpet, seating can be changed depending on the activity
      • Typically, teachers will change their lessons to match their furniture, instead of the other way around
six functions of the classroom setting3
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Social Contact
    • Students’ Interaction with the Teacher
      • Students in the front and center receive the most attention and are more concentrated
        • “Action Zone”
      • To include all students use some tips:
        • Move around the room when teaching
        • Make eye-contact with students farther away from you
        • Direct your comments to kids at the sides and back of the room
        • Change the seating chart periodically so every has a turn to be up front
six functions of the classroom setting4
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Symbolic Identification
    • What does the room say about the students?
      • Display different student culture, including important people, flags, art, etc…
      • Hang up student work
      • Display birthdays, photos, and other personalized objects
      • Show off their interests
      • Student of the Week
six functions of the classroom setting5
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Symbolic Identification
    • What does the room say about the teacher?
      • Educational Philosophies
      • Important content material
      • Commercial materials
        • Do they overpower the student work?
        • Do they invite learning?
        • Do the reflect the students?
six functions of the classroom setting6
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Task Instrumentality
    • What tasks are being performed regularly?
      • Grouping desks accordingly
      • Room for movement activities
      • Student access to materials
      • Being able to see all students at once
    • Where do certain things need to go?
      • Electronics near outlets
      • Computers away from water and chalk dust
      • Plants in the sunlight
six functions of the classroom setting7
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting

5. Pleasure

  • Variation
    • Colors
    • Textures
    • Not chaotic, but patterned and predictable
  • Looks good for parents
  • Ugly rooms make people physically uncomfortable and want to rush their work so they can leave
six functions of the classroom setting8
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Growth
    • Cognitive Development and Academic Achievement
    • Materials
        • Open and Closed
      • Text/workbooks
      • Puzzles
      • Math manipulatives
      • Science equipment
      • Art supplies
six functions of the classroom setting9
Six Functions of the Classroom Setting
  • Growth
    • Literacy
      • Writing center
        • Paper, writing utensils, story prompts, word wall
      • Reading center
        • Leveled book selections
        • Varied topics
      • Word wall
      • Dramatic play areas with specific literacy (restaurant, supermarket, etc…)
the teacher as and environmental designer
The Teacher as and Environmental Designer
  • Think About Whether the Children in Your Classroom Have Special Needs that Require Environmental Modifications
    • Students with sight problems or hearing problems need to be seated close to the front
    • Wide aisles for students with mobility issues
    • Keep students with attention problems front and center where they will remain on task
the teacher as and environmental designer1
The Teacher as and Environmental Designer
  • Think About the Needs of Other Adults
    • Resource Teachers and Instructional Aides
      • Need at least a place to keep materials and a place to sit
      • Sometimes need to be close to a particular child
      • Sometimes need a quiet or secluded place to work one on one with children in the room
  • Draw a Floor Plan
the teacher as and environmental designer2
The Teacher as and Environmental Designer
  • Involve Students in Environmental Planning
    • Leave some things undone for kids to do
      • Bulletin boards
      • Class art
      • Words for the word wall
  • Try the New Arrangement, Evaluate, and Redesign
    • Does it fulfill the six functions?
    • Make small changes at a time
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